FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM 10.

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ANATOMY OF THE FEMALE
REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
10. Identify the female structures described by inserting your responses
    in the answer blanks.

                              1. Chamber that houses the developing fetus

                              2. Canal that receives the penis during sexual intercourse

                              3. Usual site of fertilization

                              4. Erects during sexual stimulation

                              5. Duct through which the ovum travels to reach the uterus

                              6. Membrane that partially closes the vaginal canal

                              7. Primary female reproductive organ

                              8. Move to create fluid currents to draw the ovulated egg into
                                 the uterine (fallopian) tube
2 84      Anatomy & Physiology Coloring Workbook

11. Figure 16-5 is a sagittal view of the female reproductive organs. First, label
    all-structures on the figure provided with leader lines. Then select different
    colors for the following structures, and use them to color the coding circles
    and corresponding structures on the figure.

   0 Lining of the uterus, endometrium
   0 Muscular layer of the uterus, myometriurn
   0 Pathway along which an egg travels from the time of its release to its implantation
   0 Ligament helping to anchor the uterus
   0 Structure producing female hormones and gametes




Sacrum




                                                                                      Urinary
                                                                                      bladder
                                                                                      Symphysis
Urethra                                                                               pubis
Rectum


  Anus




                                         Figure 16-5
                                                             Chapter 16 The Reproductive System 28 5

12. Figure 16-6 is a ventral view of the female external genitalia. Label the
   clitoris, labia minora? urethral orifice, hymen, mons pubis, and vaginal
   orifice on the figure. These structures are indicated with leader lines.
   Then color the homologue of the male penis blue, color the membrane
   that partially obstructs the vagina yellow, and color the distal end of
   the birth canal red.




                 Labia majora
                     (spread)




                                             Figure 16-6




FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE FUNCTIONS
AND CYCLES
13. Using the key choices, identify the cell type you would expect to find
    in the following structures. Insert the correct term or letter response
    in the answer blanks.

   Key Choices
   A. Oogonium                    C. Secondary oocyte

   B. Primary oocyte              D. Ovum

                                1. Forming part of the primary follicle in the ovary

                                2. In the uterine tube before fertilization

                                3. In the mature, or Graafian, follicle of the ovary

                                4. In the uterine tube shortly after sperm penetration
286      Anatomy & Physiology Coloring Workbook

14. Figure 16-7 is a sectional view of the ovary. First, identify all structures indi-
    ca.ted with leader lines on the figure. Second, select different colors for the
    following structures? and use them to color the coding circles and
    corresponding structures on the figure.

    0 Cells that produce estrogen
    0 Glandular structure that produces progesterone
    0 ~ 1 oocytes
          1


                                         Cell type, specific




                                            Event A

                                              Figure 16-7



    Third, in the space provided, name the event depicted as "Event A on the figure.

    Fourth, answer the following questions by inserting your answers in the spaces provided.

    1. Are there any oogonia in a mature female's ovary?

    2. Into what area is the ovulated cell released?

    3. When is a mature ovum (egg) produced in humans?

    4. What structure in the ovary becomes a corpus luteum?

    5. What are the four final cell types produced by oogenesis in the female? (Name the cell

       type and number of each.)
                                                            Chapter 16 The Reproductive System   28 7

   6. How does this compare with the final product of spermatogenesis in males?



   7. What happens to the tiny cells nearly devoid of cytoplasm ultimately produced during

      oogenesis?

   8. Why?

   9. What name is given to the period of a woman's life when her ovaries begin to become

      nonfunctional?

15. What is the significance of the fact that the uterine tubes are not structurally
   continuous with the ovaries? Address this question from both reproductive
   and health aspects.




16. The following statements deal with anterior pituitary and ovarian hormonal
   interrelationships. Name the hormone(s) described in each statement.
   Place your answers in the answer blanks.

                                1. Promotes growth of ovarian follicles and production of estrogen

                                2. Triggers ovulation

                                3. Inhibit follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) release by the anterior
                                   pituitary

                                4. Stimulates luteinizing hormone (LH) release by the anterior
                                   pituitary

                                5. Converts the ruptured follicle into a corpus luteum and causes it
                                   to produce progesterone and estrogen

                                6. Maintains the hormonal production of the corpus luteum

17. ~ a m four
           e   of the secondary sex characteristics of females. Place your answers
    in the spaces provided.
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