ANATOMY OF THE FEMALE
10. Identify the female structures described by inserting your responses
in the answer blanks.
1. Chamber that houses the developing fetus
2. Canal that receives the penis during sexual intercourse
3. Usual site of fertilization
4. Erects during sexual stimulation
5. Duct through which the ovum travels to reach the uterus
6. Membrane that partially closes the vaginal canal
7. Primary female reproductive organ
8. Move to create fluid currents to draw the ovulated egg into
the uterine (fallopian) tube
2 84 Anatomy & Physiology Coloring Workbook
11. Figure 16-5 is a sagittal view of the female reproductive organs. First, label
all-structures on the figure provided with leader lines. Then select different
colors for the following structures, and use them to color the coding circles
and corresponding structures on the figure.
0 Lining of the uterus, endometrium
0 Muscular layer of the uterus, myometriurn
0 Pathway along which an egg travels from the time of its release to its implantation
0 Ligament helping to anchor the uterus
0 Structure producing female hormones and gametes
Chapter 16 The Reproductive System 28 5
12. Figure 16-6 is a ventral view of the female external genitalia. Label the
clitoris, labia minora? urethral orifice, hymen, mons pubis, and vaginal
orifice on the figure. These structures are indicated with leader lines.
Then color the homologue of the male penis blue, color the membrane
that partially obstructs the vagina yellow, and color the distal end of
the birth canal red.
FEMALE REPRODUCTIVE FUNCTIONS
13. Using the key choices, identify the cell type you would expect to find
in the following structures. Insert the correct term or letter response
in the answer blanks.
A. Oogonium C. Secondary oocyte
B. Primary oocyte D. Ovum
1. Forming part of the primary follicle in the ovary
2. In the uterine tube before fertilization
3. In the mature, or Graafian, follicle of the ovary
4. In the uterine tube shortly after sperm penetration
286 Anatomy & Physiology Coloring Workbook
14. Figure 16-7 is a sectional view of the ovary. First, identify all structures indi-
ca.ted with leader lines on the figure. Second, select different colors for the
following structures? and use them to color the coding circles and
corresponding structures on the figure.
0 Cells that produce estrogen
0 Glandular structure that produces progesterone
0 ~ 1 oocytes
Cell type, specific
Third, in the space provided, name the event depicted as "Event A on the figure.
Fourth, answer the following questions by inserting your answers in the spaces provided.
1. Are there any oogonia in a mature female's ovary?
2. Into what area is the ovulated cell released?
3. When is a mature ovum (egg) produced in humans?
4. What structure in the ovary becomes a corpus luteum?
5. What are the four final cell types produced by oogenesis in the female? (Name the cell
type and number of each.)
Chapter 16 The Reproductive System 28 7
6. How does this compare with the final product of spermatogenesis in males?
7. What happens to the tiny cells nearly devoid of cytoplasm ultimately produced during
9. What name is given to the period of a woman's life when her ovaries begin to become
15. What is the significance of the fact that the uterine tubes are not structurally
continuous with the ovaries? Address this question from both reproductive
and health aspects.
16. The following statements deal with anterior pituitary and ovarian hormonal
interrelationships. Name the hormone(s) described in each statement.
Place your answers in the answer blanks.
1. Promotes growth of ovarian follicles and production of estrogen
2. Triggers ovulation
3. Inhibit follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) release by the anterior
4. Stimulates luteinizing hormone (LH) release by the anterior
5. Converts the ruptured follicle into a corpus luteum and causes it
to produce progesterone and estrogen
6. Maintains the hormonal production of the corpus luteum
17. ~ a m four
e of the secondary sex characteristics of females. Place your answers
in the spaces provided.
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