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                                The University of the State of New York


                              GLOBAL HISTORY
                              AND GEOGRAPHY
             Friday, January 29, 2010 -- 9:15 a.m. to 12:15 p.m., only

       Student Name ______________________________________________________________

       School Name _______________________________________________________________

            Print your name and the name of your school on the lines above. Then turn to the last
       page of this booklet, which is the answer sheet for Part I. Fold the last page along the
       perforations and, slowly and carefully, tear off the answer sheet. Then fill in the heading of
       your answer sheet. Now print your name and the name of your school in the heading of
       each page of your essay booklet.
            This examination has three parts. You are to answer all questions in all parts. Use black
       or dark-blue ink to write your answers.
            Part I contains 50 multiple-choice questions. Record your answers to these questions
       on the separate answer sheet.
            Part II contains one thematic essay question. Write your answer to this question in
       the essay booklet, beginning on page 1.
            Part III is based on several documents:
                  Part III A contains the documents. Each document is followed by one or more
            questions. In the test booklet, write your answer to each question on the lines
            following that question. Be sure to enter your name and the name of your school on
            the first page of this section.
                Part III B contains one essay question based on the documents. Write your
            answer to this question in the essay booklet, beginning on page 7.
            When you have completed the examination, you must sign the statement printed on
       the Part I answer sheet, indicating that you had no unlawful knowledge of the questions or
       answers prior to the examination and that you have neither given nor received assistance in
       answering any of the questions during the examination. Your answer sheet cannot be
       accepted if you fail to sign this declaration.
           The use of any communications device is strictly prohibited when taking this
       examination. If you use any communications device, no matter how briefly, your
       examination will be invalidated and no score will be calculated for you.

                                                    Part I

                                     Answer all questions in this part.

   Directions (150): For each statement or question, write on the separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

 1 Which example best represents a primary source?             6 The Code of Hammurabi and Chinese legalism
   (1) a 20th-century novel about events leading up              both rely on the idea that
       to the French Revolution                                  (1) governments must provide their people with
   (2) film footage taken during the liberation of                   rights
       Nazi concentration camps                                  (2) harsh laws are needed to control society
   (3) an interview with an expert on the fall of the            (3) all subjects are equal under the law
       Roman Empire                                              (4) religion and government must be brought
   (4) a lecture on the impact of the African slave                  closer together
       trade on South America
                                                               7 One similarity between the Gupta Empire and
 2 A geographic similarity between Italy and India is            the Arab dynasties of the Islamic Golden Age is
   that both of these countries are located                      that they
   (1) on peninsulas                                             (1) made advances in mathematics and literature
   (2) on archipelagos                                           (2) gained wealth by obtaining gold from the
   (3) between two oceans                                            Americas
   (4) south of the equator                                      (3) stressed the importance of dharma and karma
                                                                 (4) controlled territories around the Mediter-
 3 Which statement best describes an aspect of a                     ranean seacoast
   command economy?
   (1) Profit motivates individuals to set up private          8 Which geographic factor has often made Korea a
       businesses.                                               key region for those seeking to control East Asia?
   (2) Tradition, religion, and customs heavily                  (1) long coastline         (3) mountains
       influence economic decisions.                             (2) location               (4) climate
   (3) Supply and demand regulate the economy.
   (4) Government directs and controls the means               9 Which culture is credited with the development
       of production.                                            of gunpowder, the abacus, and the compass?
                                                                 (1) Chinese               (3) Indian
 4 The Indus and Huang He (Yellow) rivers are both               (2) Persian               (4) Japanese
   closely associated with
   (1) border disputes
                                                              10  Cyrillic alphabet adopted for use in Russia.
   (2) sacred biblical sites
                                                                  Russians accepted the teachings of the
   (3) cradles of early civilization
                                                                   Orthodox Christian Church.
   (4) oil discoveries
                                                                  Onion-shaped domes dotted the skyline of
                                                                   Kievan Russia.
 5 A similarity between Shinto in Japan and
   animism in African societies is that both                     Which term is most closely associated with these
   (1) use the Torah to establish law codes                      statements?
   (2) stress the importance of the Eightfold Path               (1) ethnocentrism        (3) cultural diffusion
   (3) believe that spirits exist in nature                      (2) interdependence      (4) colonialism
   (4) base social rank on a caste system

Global Hist. & Geo.Jan. '10                            [2]
Base your answers to questions 11 and 12 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.


                                                                          Source: (adapted)

              11 Which statement about the trip taken by Emperor Mansa Musa is accurate?
                 (1) The trip extended beyond North African trade routes.
                 (2) Mansa Musa used the Mediterranean Sea to reach Mecca.
                 (3) The route primarily followed major rivers.
                 (4) Mansa Musa traveled to Fez on his way to Mecca.

              12 Which conclusion about trade is best supported by the information on this map?
                 (1) Timbuktu was a center of trade in West Africa.
                 (2) The Sahara Desert prevented trade.
                 (3) Cairo and Mecca were trading partners.
                 (4) West African gold and salt were traded along the Zaire River.

Global Hist. & Geo.Jan. '10                            [3]                                                     [OVER]
     Base your answer to question 13 on the chart below and on your knowledge of social studies.

                                FOREIGN COINS OF ANCIENT AND MEDIEVAL TIMES
                                     FOUND IN EAST AFRICAN CITY-STATES
                                                                         East African City-States
               Foreign coins                             Kilwa Mafia Zanzibar Pemba Kenya Somalia Total
               (3rd to 1st centuries B.C.)
               Mongol                                       2        4                    1
               Other foreign Muslim
                T'ang Dynasty
                Sung Dynasty
                Ming Dynasty
                Ching Dynasty
                               Source: G.S.P. Freeman-Grenville, "East African Coin Finds and Their Historical Significance,"
                                                                                        Journal of African History (adapted)

              13 Which generalization is best supported by the data from this chart?
                 (1) Bantu migrations influenced the distribution of East African coins.
                 (2) Chinese coins were found in East African city-states.
                 (3) East African city-states traded directly with Northern Europe.
                 (4) Romans controlled trade with East Africa.

14 What is a primary characteristic of a feudal                          15 Humanism during the Italian Renaissance was
   society?                                                                 focused on
   (1) a representative government                                          (1) the affairs of the church
   (2) economic equality for all                                            (2) self-sufficiency
   (3) protection of individual rights                                      (3) the importance of the individual
   (4) an exchange of land for services                                     (4) political theories

Global Hist. & Geo.Jan. '10                                          [4]
    Base your answer to question 16 on the drawing                    18 ". . . (It) brought the potato, the pineapple, the
below and on your knowledge of social studies.                           turkey, dahlias, sunflowers, magnolias, maize,
                                                                         chillies and chocolate across the Atlantic. On the
                                                                         other hand, tens of millions died in the
                                                                         pandemics of the 16th century, victims of
                                                                         smallpox, measles and the other diseases brought
                                                                         by Europeans (and don't forget that the African
                                                                         slave trade was begun by the Europeans, to
                                                                         replace the work force they had decimated).". . .
                                                                                                -- Michael Wood, BBC History

                                                                         Which historical development is being described
                                                                         in this quotation?
                                                                         (1) establishment of the line of Demarcation
                                                                         (2) creation of the Hanseatic League
                                                                         (3) Columbian exchange
                                                                         (4) Glorious Revolution

                                                                      19 The social class system in Latin America during
                                                                         the 16th and 17th centuries reflects the
                                                                         (1) dominance of Spanish-born nobility
                                                                         (2) emerging equality between classes
                                                                         (3) influence of mestizo economic power
                                                                         (4) increasing social mobility of Native American

                                                                      20 One way in which Suleiman the Magnificent and
                        Source: Felipe Guaman Poma de Ayala,             Akbar the Great are similar is that they both
                             Nueva Coronica Y Buen Gobierno,             brought about periods of
                                          Biblioteca Ayacucho
                                                                         (1) political stability and religious tolerance
16 What does this drawing indicate about the Inca                        (2) religious conquest and persecution
   civilization?                                                         (3) isolationism and cultural stagnation
                                                                         (4) modernization and political disunity
   (1) religious influence on architecture
   (2) cooperation and planning in agriculture
                                                                      21 A DEO REX, A REGE LEX -- "the king is from
   (3) superior military technology used for defense
                                                                         God, and law is from the king."
   (4) role of government during a natural disaster                                                               -- James I

                                                                         This quotation best reflects the concept of
17 Which individual's work had the greatest impact                       (1) constitutional monarchy
   on the spread of Martin Luther's ideas?                               (2) separation of powers
   (1) Galileo Galilei                                                   (3) equal representation
   (2) Niccol Machiavelli                                               (4) divine right rule
   (3) William Shakespeare
   (4) Johannes Gutenberg

Global Hist. & Geo.Jan. '10                                    [5]                                                  [OVER]
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