TEXAS MEDICATION AIDE BASIC COURSE CURRICULUM FOR NURSING

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TEXAS MEDICATION AIDE
             BASIC COURSE CURRICULUM
FOR NURSING FACILITIES AND RELATED INSTITUTIONS
                     Effective Date May 1, 1996




        COMMUNICATE BEFORE YOU MEDICATE!
   "HELPING PEOPLE MAKE THE BEST OF MEDICATIONS"




        Texas Department of Aging and Disability Services

                Medication Aide Program, W-245

           P.O. Box 149030, Austin, Texas 78714-9030
                               ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

A very special thank you to the following people who worked many hours in revising and
updating this curriculum. Your cooperation and dedication was appreciated.

                 Paula Baker, R.N., Angelina College, Lufkin, Texa
              Blossie Chatman, R.N., El Centro College, Dallas, Texas
            Barbara Cohen, R.N., Texas Department of Human Services
            Chuck Lallathin, R.Ph., Texas Department of Human Services
        Jim Maxson, R.Ph., Houston Medical Career Training, Houston, Texas
              Jeanoyce Wilson, Texas Department of Human Services




               1996 Texas Department of Aging and Disability Services
                     (formerly Texas Department of Human Services)
                    MEDICATION AID BASIC COURSE CURRICULUM


                                                 Table of Contents



Unit I.      INTRODUCTION AND ORIENTATION AND BASIC CONCEPTS..................................1

Unit II.     ADMINISTRATION OF MEDICATIONS.........................................................................13

Unit III.    AFFECTING THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM ........................................................25

Unit IV.     DRUGS AFFECTING THE URINARY SYSTEM............................................................30

Unit V.      DRUGS AFFECTING THE RESPIRATORY SYSTEM ..................................................33

Unit VI.     DRUGS AFFECTING THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM, VITAMINS, AND MINERALS ........37

Unit VII.    DRUGS AFFECTING THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM ........................................42

Unit VIII.   AFFECTING THE MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM......................................................47

Unit IX.     DRUGS AFFECTING THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM .....................................................49

Unit X.      ANTIBIOTICS AND OTHER ANTI-INFECTIVE AGENTS .............................................53

Unit XI.     DRUGS AFFECTING THE EYE.....................................................................................56

Unit XII.    DRUGS AFFECTING THE EAR. ...................................................................................58

Unit XIII.   DRUGS AFFECTING THE SKIN ...................................................................................59

Unit XIV.    ALZHEIMER'S DISEASE PATIENTS AND RELATED DISORDERS............................60

Unit XV.     IMMUNO-COMPROMISED RESIDENTS......................................................................61

Unit XVI.    PEDIATRIC PATIENTS..................................................................................................62

Unit XVII.   CARE PLANNING ASSISTANCE. .................................................................................63

Unit XVIII   SUGGESTED TEACHING PROCEDURES...................................................................64

Unit XIX     HANDOUTS ...................................................................................................................74
                                       Medication Aide Basic Course Curriculum




                                 Course Outline                                                Teaching Aids/Plan

Unit I.       INTRODUCTION AND ORIENTATION AND BASIC
              CONCEPTS
Section A.    Basic Roles and Responsibilities of the Medication Aide.             Medication Aide Training Program Rules.
                                                                                   Secure new rules and regulations.
              1.     Overall requirements, course objectives.
                                                                                   Discuss students perception of the
                     a.   Self-evaluation and review.                              medication aide role.
                     b.   Achievements expected.                                   Medications are administered only as
                     c.   Course examinations and final examination.               ordered by physician.

                     d.   Prerequisites for enrolling in the training program.     Stress importance that medication aides act
                                                                                   under supervision of licensed nurse - not
              2.     Comprehend acts or practices prohibited by medication         independently.
                     aides.
              3.     Understand functions authorized to be performed by the
                     medication aide.
              4.     Identify the legal and ethical implications for the
                     medication aide.
                     a.   Need to administer medications as ordered by
                          physician.
                     b.   Administer medications limited under medication
                          aide rules.
                     c.   Responsibilities for own actions.
                     d.   Additional roles and responsibilities as taught by the
                          instructors.
              5.     Discuss the types of clinical experiences that the students   Indicate that the clinical portion of the
                     will gain during that portion of the training program.        medication aide training is "hands-on" rather
              6.     Treat residents as individuals and be aware of their          than observation.
                     medication and treatment orders.                              Review program training rules regarding
                     a.   Identify each resident in any setting in the facility.   training requirements.

                     b.   Know each patient's normal activity and recognize
                          that deviations from this may be a result of their
                          medication therapy.




Department of Aging and Disability Services                                                    Basic Course Curriculum
07/01/2005                                                 Page 1 of 101                 Texas Medication Aide Program
                                        Medication Aide Basic Course Curriculum




                                 Course Outline                                            Teaching Aids/Plan

Section B.    History of Drug Use.                                             Samples of crude drugs, if available.
              1.     Drugs commonly used in facilities are grouped according   Journal advertisements to identify source of
                     to:                                                       drugs.
                     a.   Scheduled (controlled) - Abusive medication which    Identify and know drugs from the three
                          must be counted and controlled. Log kept for each    groups.
                          medication.
                     b.   Legend - Require prescription.
                     c.   Non-Legend - Can be purchased without a
                          prescription. Must be supplied by the facility for
                          Medicaid residents.
Section C.    Reasons for Giving Drugs.                                        Lecture and discuss reasons.
              1.     Cure disease
              2.     Relieve symptoms                                          Expand upon any areas not covered in the
              3.     Aid in diagnosis                                          outline.

              4.     Replace body fluids
              5.     Prevent illness
              6.     Maintain quality of life




Department of Aging and Disability Services                                                Basic Course Curriculum
07/01/2005                                                Page 2 of 101              Texas Medication Aide Program
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