BLS for Healthcare Providers Study Guide and Pretest

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BLS for Healthcare
                        Providers Study
                        Guide and Pretest




                         Adult CPR
   1-Rescuer CPR Sequence
      check for responsiveness
                                                    Reminders
      if no response, activate 911 and        Take 5-10 seconds to check for
      get the AED                             breathing and pulse
                                              Ensure chest rises with each
      open the airway
                                              breath
      look, listen, & feel for breathing      Place hands in the center of
       no breathing, give 2 breaths           the chest for compressions
      check carotid pulse                     Allow chest to recoil completely
      no pulse, begin chest compressions      or return to its normal position
                                              Compression rate: 100/minute
      continue 30 compressions and 2
                                              Compress 1 1/2 to 2 inches
      breaths until the AED arrives, ALS
      takes over, or the victim moves




                                                                                 1
                            Child CPR
   1-Rescuer CPR Sequence                                 Reminders
      check for responsiveness                      Take 5-10 seconds to check for
      yell for help but don't leave the victim      breathing and pulse
                                                    Ensure chest rises with each
      open the airway                               breath
      look, listen, & feel for breathing            Place hands in the center of the
       no breathing, give 2 breaths                 chest for compressions
      check carotid pulse                           Use1 or 2 hands for
                                                    compressions
      no pulse, begin chest compressions
                                                    Allow chest to recoil completely
      continue 30 compressions and 2
                                                    Compression rate: 100/minute
      breaths for 5 cycles or 2 minutes
                                                    Compress 1/3 to 1/2 the depth of
      if still no response, activate 911 and        the chest
      get the AED                                   Phone 911 after 5 cycles of CPR
                                                    if you are alone




                            Infant CPR
   1-Rescuer CPR Sequence                                  Reminders
      check for responsiveness                      Take 5-10 seconds to check for
                                                    breathing and pulse
      yell for help but don't leave the victim
                                                    Ensure chest rises with each
      open the airway                               breath
      look, listen, & feel for breathing            Perform compressions using 2
       no breathing, give 2 breaths                 fingers placed 1 finger width
                                                    below the nipple line
      check brachial pulse
                                                    Allow chest to recoil completely
      no pulse, begin chest compressions
                                                    Compression rate: 100/minute
      continue 30 compressions and 2                Compress 1/3 the depth of the
      breaths for 5 cycles or 2 minutes             chest
      if still no response, activate 911            Phone 911 after 5 cycles of
                                                    CPR if you are alone
                                                    No AED use for infants




                                                                                       2
                  2-Rescuer CPR
                   Adult     Child       Infant
Compressions
and Ventilation
 Ratio with 2      30:2      15:2         15:2
  Rescuers


       The compression and
   ventilation ratio changes when
   performing 2-rescuer CPR on
         children and infants.




          Infant 2-rescuer CPR
          The rescuer performing chest
     compressions will switch to the two thumb-
            encircling hand technique.




                                                  3
                    Relief of Choking
   Responsive Adult/Child                  Unresponsive Adult/Child
      Abdominal thrusts until                 Lower them to the ground
      object is removed or victim             and begin the steps of
      becomes unresponsive                    CPR
                                              Look in the mouth before
                                              each breath
           1/2 way
        between navel
         and xyphoid
                                              If you see the object, you
                                              can remove it
                                              Don't forget to call 911 and
                                              get the AED




                    Relief of Choking
   Responsive Infant                       Unresponsive Infant
      Alternate 5 back blows and               Place them on a hard, flat
      5 chest thrusts until object             surface and begin the
      is removed or victim                     steps of CPR
      becomes unresponsive
                                               Look in the mouth before
                         heal of hand
                                               each breath
                                               If you see the object, you
                                               can remove it
                                               Don't forget to call 911
                        same as chest
                         compression




                                                                             4
         Bag Mask Ventilation
         Position yourself above the victim's head
         Place the mask on the face
         Use the E-C technique to hold mask on face
         Perform a head tilt
         Squeeze bag to give breaths and watch for chest rise




Automated External Defibrillator (AED)
 AEDs are computerized devices that allow laypersons to
 attempt defibrillation safely. Here are a few facts about
                        defibrillation:

         It is the most effective treatment for Ventricular
         Fibrillation, the most common initial rhythm
         present in a victim of sudden cardiac arrest.

         The probability of successful defibrillation
         decreases rapidly over time




                                                                5
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