SOCIAL STUDIES & SCIENCE

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SOCIAL STUDIES & SCIENCE  PROGRAM 22
Science  Passing The Science Test

Sample pages from the Workbook
Lesson & Teacher's Guide                Produced by
Dedication
             GED Connection is the product of PBS
             LiteracyLink , a service of PBS initiated by a
             five-year grant from the United States
             Department of Education Star Schools
             program. This generous grant has made it
             possible to reach more adult basic education
             learners than ever before through the power
             of public television and the Internet. We
             offer our thanks and appreciation to the
             Department of Education for its support of
             this project and the adult learners who
             benefit from it.


             Many people worked very hard to create
             these GED Connection workbooks, videos,
             and online lessons.        They brought skills,
             knowledge and, most of all, a deep spirit of
             dedication to their task: creating instructional
             tools to help adult learners find their way to
             lifelong learning and the benefits of full
             participation in our society.


             We    dedicate     these     GED    Connection
             materials to the hundreds of thousands of
             GED learners, past, present, and to come, and
             to those who serve them.
                               Inside This Preview Guide
Components of the
PBS LiteracyLink              Social Studies/Science Teacher's Guide pages for
GED Connection                 Program 22: Passing the GED Science Test
System:
                               For each of the thirty-nine GED Connection lessons you'll find two pages in
                               the LiteracyLink Teacher's Guide. Each lesson plan is loaded with practical
WORKBOOKS - Three
  workbooks  Language         information to help you prepare students to get the most out of every lesson
     Arts, Writing and         using a multi-media combination of videos, workbooks, and online activities.
        Reading; Social
         Studies and
                               Social Studies/Science Workbook pages 149-160 for
        Science; and
  Mathematics  can be         Program 22: Passing the GED Science Test
  used in conjunction with
                               The GED Connection workbooks are designed to provide a foundation from
  the videos and online
  activities.                  which to build new skills; that's why we recommend you start each lesson with
                               a look at the workbook and have students return to the book as they watch
    TEACHER'S GUIDE            segments of the video and work through the online lessons.
    - This valuable resource
    provides lesson plans      Each workbook chapter corresponds to a video program and a set of Internet
    and other teaching
    materials.
                               lessons and activities. Look for these workbook sections to guide students
                               through the lesson:
VIDEOS - Thirty-nine,
   half-hour programs            The Before You Watch section orients students to the video
   cover the five major                   program.
    subject areas of the
                                      s   Objectives form the focus for each lesson.
      GED 2002 exam.The
        series includes one           s   Sneak Preview provides a short chapter pre-test,
        orientation program                  answers, and feedback.
        and thirty-eight              s   Vocabulary defines key content area terms.
   instructional programs.            s   Program Summary explains what students are about to
   A complete list of                        see in the video.
   programs follows the
   Teacher's Guide pages in
                                 The After You Watch section provides direct instruction and
   this print preview.                    skill practice.
                                      s   Key Points to Think About and GED Tips relate the
ONLINE ACTIVITIES -                          lesson to the GED exam.
  Free learning activities            s   Skill Practice exercises and instruction expand on
           on the web
                                             concepts presented in the video program
           provide learners
           with practice              s   Links relate skills to family life, the community,
           tests, learning                   and the workplace.
          modules for                 s   Interdisciplinary Connection bridges the lesson to other
  each of the five test                      GED subject areas.
  areas, and skill-building           s   GED Practice is a chapter post-test with items and
  opportunities.
                                             formats similar to those on the new GED Test.
    ONLINE
                               Each workbook also contains a GED Pretest and a GED Practice Test to help
    MANAGEMENT
    SYSTEM - Via the           students evaluate their GED readiness in that subject area; an Answer Key,
    Internet, instructors      complete with explanations; a Reference Handbook, with additional resources
    can review and give        for GED preparation; a Glossary; and an Index.
    feedback on students'
    online work and get
    reports on student data.
                                                           LESSON OBJECTIVES
                                                                 1.      Understand the content and skills on the GED Science Test.
                                                                           2. Investigate the types of questions on the test.
                                                                                  3. See how GED science items are based in real-life contexts.


PROGRAM 22
Passing the GED Science Test
                                                            VIDEO OVERVIEW
               Major Ideas in the Video Program                                                People and Ideas to Watch For
s   GED Content Areas  45% Life Sciences (biology);                           s   Joan Auchter, Director of the GED Testing Service,
    20% Earth and Space Science; 35% Physical Science                              stresses that this test does not focus on recall of specialized
    (chemistry and physics).                                                       knowledge; rather, the GED Science Test assesses critical
s   Types of Questions  Multiple-choice questions are                             thinking in real-world science contexts.
    based on reading passages and graphics. (More than half of                 s   GED students and instructors discuss the GED Science
    the items on the test are based on either charts and graphics                  Test. The students state that even though they were "rusty"
    or text and graphics together.)                                                on their scientific knowledge, they were pleased at how
s   Contexts  Questions are based on science topics in                            well they did when they were initially assessed with sample
    real-world contexts. Students will not have to recall                          GED items. They point out that some science knowledge
    isolated facts.                                                                seemed to "come back" to them.
s   Themes  Many of the science items will be based on                        s   One GED instructor indicates that much of the information
    general themes in science education as described in the                        a student needs to answer a question is provided in a
    National Science Education Standards (NSES). These                             reading passage or graphic. However, he also stresses that
    themes are:                                                                    the likelihood for success on the test is improved if
                                                                                   students have a fundamental knowledge of basic scientific
       Science as Inquiry                                                         concepts (such as the ones covered in the LiteracyLink
       Science and Technology                                                     materials).
       Science in Personal and Social Perspectives                            s   Various scientists discuss how they do their work by using
       History and Nature of Science                                              the Scientific Method:
       Unifying Concepts and Processes                                              Observe
s   Thinking Skills  Students will answer questions that                            Ask questions
    require the skills of:                                                           Hypothesize
       Comprehension  understanding the meaning or                                 Test
        intent of what they read in text or see in a graphic                         Collect and analyze data
       Application  using information in a concrete situation                      Draw conclusions
       Analysis  exploring relationships among ideas                         FYI  Students will have eighty-five minutes to answer
       Evaluation  judging the soundness or accuracy of                        fifty multiple-choice questions.
        scientific information or methods

                     WORKBOOK LESSON                                                       INTERNET CONNECTION

             Social Studies and Science Workbook                                                 at www.pbs.org/literacy
      Lesson 22: Passing the GED Science Test pp. 149-160
    GED Test Overview, p. 150         Graphic Skills, pp. 156 - 160            Student Activities                Peer Reviewed Internet Sites
    Science Concepts (NSES),            Charts and Tables  Circle,            Online learning module               Internet sites relevant to the
       pp. 151-155                      Line, and Bar Graphs                      Interactive course on            GED Science Test can be
       Science as Inquiry  Science     Diagrams                                   science content and skills       found in the PeerLit section
       and Technology  Science       NOTE: Topics in critical                 Internet-based activity              of LiteracyLink.
       in Personal and Social           thinking skills are introduced             Including GED-style
                                                                                                                    Suggested search: Learning
       Perspectives  History and       in Lesson 16: Passing the                  practice questions
                                                                                                                    Theme: Environment and
       Nature of Science Unifying      GED Social Studies Test,
                                                                                                                    Science; GED Content Area:
       Concepts and Processes           pages 13 through 19.
                                                                                                                    Science.
           SAMPLE TEACHER'S GUIDE PAGES
                                                           ACTIVITIES

Set Up the Video Program                                          3. Work with students on the graphic literacy instruction and
                                                                     items on pages 156 - 160. Review the instructional material
             1. Before showing Program 22, explain that it
                                                                     and the sample questions. After students have tried the
            provides an overview of the GED Science Test.
                                                                     GED Practice questions, discuss each one.
             Make it clear that students should pay careful
  attention to the information about the test and that the
  main points are elaborated in the accompanying                  Have Students Use the Internet
  workbook lesson.                                                               1. Have students go to the PBS LiteracyLink
                                                                                 website at www.pbs.org/literacy. Students
2. Ask, What are some major scientific discoveries that have                     should log in to their Home Space and then
   affected your life or the life of someone in your family?        follow the links to the GED Science online learning
   List responses on the board.                                     module, where they will be able to take an extended,
                                                                    interactive course related to applying science concepts.
3. Tell students that the video will contain interviews from        Students can also use Internet activities to practice
   actual scientists. Say, As you watch the program, think          taking GED-type questions that focus on science skills
   about what motivates these men and women to devote               and content.
           themselves to science.
                                                                  2. A teacher may view the GED online learning modules from
                                                                     the LitTeacher Home Space. Use your own username and
           Show Program 22                                           password to log in to the PBS LiteracyLink website at
                                                                     www.pbs.org/literacy. Then follow the link to the GED
                                                                     Connections online curriculum.
       Follow Up the Video Program
           1. Ask students, How did you react to these            Lead Group Activities
          scientists? Did anything about them surprise you?
           What kind of person becomes a scientist?                           Activity 1: Passing the GED
                                                                              Ask students to list ways that they will prepare
2. One of the main focuses of the program is The Scientific                    for the GED Science Test. In addition to using
   Method. Ask, What is the Scientific Method? Review the         curricular activities, stress other ways that they can increase
   steps with the students. Explain that understanding how        their science knowledge and skills: watching science
   scientists think about problems and issues will help them to   programs on PBS, the Discovery Channel, and Animal Planet;
   answer some of the questions on the GED Science Test.          helping their children apply the scientific method to science
                                                                  projects, reading science articles in the newspaper; going to a
3. Discuss the sample questions that were shown on the            science museum, aquarium, or planetarium, etc.
   videotape. You can photocopy and discuss the science
   questions from the Passing the GED Science Test program        Activity 2: Graphic Connections
   that are in the GED Connection Copymasters. Discuss            Bring in recent popular news and science magazines - Time,
   why the correct answers are correct and why the incorrect      Newsweek, Discover, etc. Conduct a Science Pictures are
   choices are wrong.                                             Worth a Thousand Words activity. Students should choose a
                                                                  science graph, table, or diagram about a current issue in the
           Use Workbook Instructions                              news. Have students write a brief context for the graphic,
           and Practices                                          mount the graphics and descriptions, and create a science
                                                                  display in the classroom. Explain that about half of the
1. Discuss the GED Science Test Overview on page 150.
                                                                  questions on the GED Science Test will be based on charts
                                                                  and graphics, so it is important that students practice for the
2. Assign instruction and GED Practice questions on pages         test by interpreting science graphics that they see on TV and
   151 - 155. Go over the sample questions, and discuss why       in the newspapers.
   the correct answers are correct. Discuss incorrect answer
   choices that have some appeal for students, and explain
   why they are wrong (doesn't answer the question,
   contradicts the information in the source material, etc.).
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