SOCIAL STUDIES & SCIENCE PROGRAM 22
Science Passing The Science Test
Sample pages from the Workbook
Lesson & Teacher's Guide Produced by
GED Connection is the product of PBS
LiteracyLink , a service of PBS initiated by a
five-year grant from the United States
Department of Education Star Schools
program. This generous grant has made it
possible to reach more adult basic education
learners than ever before through the power
of public television and the Internet. We
offer our thanks and appreciation to the
Department of Education for its support of
this project and the adult learners who
benefit from it.
Many people worked very hard to create
these GED Connection workbooks, videos,
and online lessons. They brought skills,
knowledge and, most of all, a deep spirit of
dedication to their task: creating instructional
tools to help adult learners find their way to
lifelong learning and the benefits of full
participation in our society.
We dedicate these GED Connection
materials to the hundreds of thousands of
GED learners, past, present, and to come, and
to those who serve them.
Inside This Preview Guide
Components of the
PBS LiteracyLink Social Studies/Science Teacher's Guide pages for
GED Connection Program 22: Passing the GED Science Test
For each of the thirty-nine GED Connection lessons you'll find two pages in
the LiteracyLink Teacher's Guide. Each lesson plan is loaded with practical
WORKBOOKS - Three
workbooks Language information to help you prepare students to get the most out of every lesson
Arts, Writing and using a multi-media combination of videos, workbooks, and online activities.
Social Studies/Science Workbook pages 149-160 for
Mathematics can be Program 22: Passing the GED Science Test
used in conjunction with
The GED Connection workbooks are designed to provide a foundation from
the videos and online
activities. which to build new skills; that's why we recommend you start each lesson with
a look at the workbook and have students return to the book as they watch
TEACHER'S GUIDE segments of the video and work through the online lessons.
- This valuable resource
provides lesson plans Each workbook chapter corresponds to a video program and a set of Internet
and other teaching
lessons and activities. Look for these workbook sections to guide students
through the lesson:
VIDEOS - Thirty-nine,
half-hour programs The Before You Watch section orients students to the video
cover the five major program.
subject areas of the
s Objectives form the focus for each lesson.
GED 2002 exam.The
series includes one s Sneak Preview provides a short chapter pre-test,
orientation program answers, and feedback.
and thirty-eight s Vocabulary defines key content area terms.
instructional programs. s Program Summary explains what students are about to
A complete list of see in the video.
programs follows the
Teacher's Guide pages in
The After You Watch section provides direct instruction and
this print preview. skill practice.
s Key Points to Think About and GED Tips relate the
ONLINE ACTIVITIES - lesson to the GED exam.
Free learning activities s Skill Practice exercises and instruction expand on
on the web
concepts presented in the video program
with practice s Links relate skills to family life, the community,
tests, learning and the workplace.
modules for s Interdisciplinary Connection bridges the lesson to other
each of the five test GED subject areas.
areas, and skill-building s GED Practice is a chapter post-test with items and
formats similar to those on the new GED Test.
Each workbook also contains a GED Pretest and a GED Practice Test to help
SYSTEM - Via the students evaluate their GED readiness in that subject area; an Answer Key,
Internet, instructors complete with explanations; a Reference Handbook, with additional resources
can review and give for GED preparation; a Glossary; and an Index.
feedback on students'
online work and get
reports on student data.
1. Understand the content and skills on the GED Science Test.
2. Investigate the types of questions on the test.
3. See how GED science items are based in real-life contexts.
Passing the GED Science Test
Major Ideas in the Video Program People and Ideas to Watch For
s GED Content Areas 45% Life Sciences (biology); s Joan Auchter, Director of the GED Testing Service,
20% Earth and Space Science; 35% Physical Science stresses that this test does not focus on recall of specialized
(chemistry and physics). knowledge; rather, the GED Science Test assesses critical
s Types of Questions Multiple-choice questions are thinking in real-world science contexts.
based on reading passages and graphics. (More than half of s GED students and instructors discuss the GED Science
the items on the test are based on either charts and graphics Test. The students state that even though they were "rusty"
or text and graphics together.) on their scientific knowledge, they were pleased at how
s Contexts Questions are based on science topics in well they did when they were initially assessed with sample
real-world contexts. Students will not have to recall GED items. They point out that some science knowledge
isolated facts. seemed to "come back" to them.
s Themes Many of the science items will be based on s One GED instructor indicates that much of the information
general themes in science education as described in the a student needs to answer a question is provided in a
National Science Education Standards (NSES). These reading passage or graphic. However, he also stresses that
themes are: the likelihood for success on the test is improved if
students have a fundamental knowledge of basic scientific
Science as Inquiry concepts (such as the ones covered in the LiteracyLink
Science and Technology materials).
Science in Personal and Social Perspectives s Various scientists discuss how they do their work by using
History and Nature of Science the Scientific Method:
Unifying Concepts and Processes Observe
s Thinking Skills Students will answer questions that Ask questions
require the skills of: Hypothesize
Comprehension understanding the meaning or Test
intent of what they read in text or see in a graphic Collect and analyze data
Application using information in a concrete situation Draw conclusions
Analysis exploring relationships among ideas FYI Students will have eighty-five minutes to answer
Evaluation judging the soundness or accuracy of fifty multiple-choice questions.
scientific information or methods
WORKBOOK LESSON INTERNET CONNECTION
Social Studies and Science Workbook at www.pbs.org/literacy
Lesson 22: Passing the GED Science Test pp. 149-160
GED Test Overview, p. 150 Graphic Skills, pp. 156 - 160 Student Activities Peer Reviewed Internet Sites
Science Concepts (NSES), Charts and Tables Circle, Online learning module Internet sites relevant to the
pp. 151-155 Line, and Bar Graphs Interactive course on GED Science Test can be
Science as Inquiry Science Diagrams science content and skills found in the PeerLit section
and Technology Science NOTE: Topics in critical Internet-based activity of LiteracyLink.
in Personal and Social thinking skills are introduced Including GED-style
Suggested search: Learning
Perspectives History and in Lesson 16: Passing the practice questions
Theme: Environment and
Nature of Science Unifying GED Social Studies Test,
Science; GED Content Area:
Concepts and Processes pages 13 through 19.
SAMPLE TEACHER'S GUIDE PAGES
Set Up the Video Program 3. Work with students on the graphic literacy instruction and
items on pages 156 - 160. Review the instructional material
1. Before showing Program 22, explain that it
and the sample questions. After students have tried the
provides an overview of the GED Science Test.
GED Practice questions, discuss each one.
Make it clear that students should pay careful
attention to the information about the test and that the
main points are elaborated in the accompanying Have Students Use the Internet
workbook lesson. 1. Have students go to the PBS LiteracyLink
website at www.pbs.org/literacy. Students
2. Ask, What are some major scientific discoveries that have should log in to their Home Space and then
affected your life or the life of someone in your family? follow the links to the GED Science online learning
List responses on the board. module, where they will be able to take an extended,
interactive course related to applying science concepts.
3. Tell students that the video will contain interviews from Students can also use Internet activities to practice
actual scientists. Say, As you watch the program, think taking GED-type questions that focus on science skills
about what motivates these men and women to devote and content.
themselves to science.
2. A teacher may view the GED online learning modules from
the LitTeacher Home Space. Use your own username and
Show Program 22 password to log in to the PBS LiteracyLink website at
www.pbs.org/literacy. Then follow the link to the GED
Connections online curriculum.
Follow Up the Video Program
1. Ask students, How did you react to these Lead Group Activities
scientists? Did anything about them surprise you?
What kind of person becomes a scientist? Activity 1: Passing the GED
Ask students to list ways that they will prepare
2. One of the main focuses of the program is The Scientific for the GED Science Test. In addition to using
Method. Ask, What is the Scientific Method? Review the curricular activities, stress other ways that they can increase
steps with the students. Explain that understanding how their science knowledge and skills: watching science
scientists think about problems and issues will help them to programs on PBS, the Discovery Channel, and Animal Planet;
answer some of the questions on the GED Science Test. helping their children apply the scientific method to science
projects, reading science articles in the newspaper; going to a
3. Discuss the sample questions that were shown on the science museum, aquarium, or planetarium, etc.
videotape. You can photocopy and discuss the science
questions from the Passing the GED Science Test program Activity 2: Graphic Connections
that are in the GED Connection Copymasters. Discuss Bring in recent popular news and science magazines - Time,
why the correct answers are correct and why the incorrect Newsweek, Discover, etc. Conduct a Science Pictures are
choices are wrong. Worth a Thousand Words activity. Students should choose a
science graph, table, or diagram about a current issue in the
Use Workbook Instructions news. Have students write a brief context for the graphic,
and Practices mount the graphics and descriptions, and create a science
display in the classroom. Explain that about half of the
1. Discuss the GED Science Test Overview on page 150.
questions on the GED Science Test will be based on charts
and graphics, so it is important that students practice for the
2. Assign instruction and GED Practice questions on pages test by interpreting science graphics that they see on TV and
151 - 155. Go over the sample questions, and discuss why in the newspapers.
the correct answers are correct. Discuss incorrect answer
choices that have some appeal for students, and explain
why they are wrong (doesn't answer the question,
contradicts the information in the source material, etc.).
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