SUBJECT: 2005 STANFORD ACHIEVEMENT TEST, TENTH EDITION (SAT-10)

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THE SCHOOL BOARD OF BROWARD COUNTY, FLORIDA
                       OFFICE OF THE SUPERINTENDENT

                                    DR. FRANK TILL
                              SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS

Telephone: (754) 321-2600                                            Facsimile: (754) 321-2701
Approved memorandum with signatures on file.

                                          September 2, 2005

TO:             School Board Members

FROM:           Katherine Blasik, Ph.D., Associate Superintendent
                Research, Evaluation, Assessment & Boundaries

VIA:            Frank Till
                Superintendent of Schools

SUBJECT:        2005 STANFORD ACHIEVEMENT TEST, TENTH EDITION (SAT-10)
                RESULTS - STANDARD CURRICULUM GROUPS IN READING
                COMPREHENSION AND MATHEMATICS PROBLEM SOLVING

The 2005 Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test (FCAT) scores for grades 3-10 released in
May of 2005 indicated that Broward students performed as well or better than students around
the state of Florida on the new Norm-Referenced (NRT) portion of the FCAT in Reading and
Mathematics. In June of 2005, individual student results of the first administration of the
Stanford Achievement Test, Tenth Edition (SAT-10) for students in grades 1 and 2 were
disseminated to schools. Enclosed you will find the district and school-by-school summary data
on the outcome of this assessment.

Test Adoption
In March 2005, Florida public school students in grades 3 through 10 took a new version of the
Florida Comprehensive Assessment Test Norm-Referenced Test (FCAT NRT). A new
FCAT NRT was required due to the out-of-date norms of the previous FCAT NRT, based upon
the Stanford Achievement Test Series, Ninth Edition (SAT-9). The Florida Department of
Education (FDOE) selected the Stanford Achievement Test, Tenth Edition (SAT-10) as the basis
for the new FCAT NRT through a competitive bid process that considered both the technical
qualities of the test and the cost.

Subsequently, the SAT-10 was selected by district staff for use in grades 1 and 2 to serve as a
seamless transition to the FCAT in the assessment of student academic achievement. The
Stanford Achievement Test, and all other norm-referenced achievement tests, must be
periodically revised in order to reflect the most current curriculum content and teaching methods
in the schools. To accomplish this, publishers collect achievement data from nationally
representative groups of students providing a current reference (norm) group against which to
compare scores.
2005 SAT-10 Results
September 2, 2005
Page 2
The first administration of a new test does not afford the opportunity to make comparisons with
past performance; this is true for the newest edition of a test or a completely new test. School
staff should avoid drawing conclusions about changes in performance by comparing scores from
different tests and different norm sets. The scores on the new Stanford test reflect different
content and the performance of different normative samples.

When state and school district staff update their assessment programs by selecting and
administering the most recent edition of a national test (SAT-10) there are often observed
differences in the results produced by the new test when compared to the results produced by the
test previously in use. Sometimes there is little or no change in scores  sometimes scores vary
slightly  on the most recent edition of the test. Apparent changes, if they occur, are not
necessarily real changes in student achievement and are referred to as a "changing norms
phenomenon." It is imperative that evaluation of student performance be conducted using the
most appropriate test and norms that adequately reflect national achievement. Therefore, school
staff should rely on the second and subsequent administrations of a new test to draw valid
conclusions about trends or growth in local performance.

As this is the first year the SAT-10 is in use in Broward to measure achievement, the scores may
reflect a "changing norms phenomenon." Average school or district norm-referenced scores may
be higher or lower than they were on the SAT-9 as the characteristics of the national sample used
to establish the norms for the SAT-10 may be different from the characteristics of the sample
upon which the previous test (SAT-9) was normed. Both tests were representative of the nation
as a whole at the time of standardization. Again, the new test also assesses different content.
While curriculum content changes gradually over time, content assessed on a particular test
changes only when the test itself is changed. Higher or lower scores on the newer, more recently
normed test do not necessarily mean that students who earned those scores are more or less
capable than previous students. As a result of these factors, the only scores reported in this
document are those that reflect student performance on the 2005 administration of the SAT-10.
Prior year reports providing historical data on student performance on the SAT-9 can be accessed
via the Student Assessment & School Performance Department website, located at
http://www.broward.k12.fl.us/studentassessment/reports.htm.

SAT-10 Districtwide Results
Reading and Mathematics test results for Broward grade 1 and grade 2 students who participated
in SAT-10 testing in 2005 are summarized in Table 1. When reviewing test scores, remember
that the average national percentile score is 50.

The 2005 FCAT results for students in grades 3 through 10 were released by the FDOE in May
of 2005. These results indicated that Broward students performed as well or better than students
around the state of Florida on the new Norm-Referenced (NRT) portion of the FCAT in Reading
and Mathematics. Results of the spring 2005 administration of the SAT-10 show similar
achievement for students in grades 1 and 2. As you will see in the attached report, student
performance on the nationally normed SAT-10 exceeded the national average (the 50th
percentile) for grades 1 and 2 in both Reading and Mathematics. The SAT-10 is a parallel
assessment to the FCAT-NRT given in grades 3-10 and is therefore a strong indicator of future
FCAT performance.
2005 SAT-10 Results
September 2, 2005
Page 3
Table 1 indicates that, on average, district student performance on the nationally normed
SAT-10 was above the national average (50th percentile) for grades 1 and 2 in Reading and
Mathematics. Again, because this was the first year that the new version of this assessment
was administered, only one year of data are reported.

                                          Table 1: Broward SAT-10 Average Percentile Rank
         Grade                                        Reading                       Mathematics
           1                                            57                              58
           2                                            56                              57

Figure 1 graphically illustrates Broward's 2005 SAT-10 performance for grades 1 and 2. The
horizontal arrow indicates the average national percentile rank of 50.

                                               Figure 1: SAT-10 Average Percentile Rank,
                                                                 2005


                                    90
                                    80
                                                    57             58                              57
                                                                                   56
                                    70
         National Percentile Rank




                                    60
                                    50
                                    40
                                    30
                                    20
                                    10
                                     0
                                         Grade 1 Reading    Grade 1      Grade 2 Reading    Grade 2
                                                           Mathematics                     Mathematics


SAT-10 Results by Gender
The SAT-10 results displayed in Table 2 are disaggregated by gender. Note that the average
Reading scores for females surpassed those for males at grades 1 and 2. In Mathematics, scores
for grade 1 females were slightly higher than scores for males. At grade 2, Mathematics scores
for males were slightly higher than scores for females.

                                            Table 2: Broward SAT-10 Results by Gender
                                                Grade 1                               Grade 2
                                       Reading          Mathematics         Reading           Mathematics
Gender                                #       %ile       #      %ile       #       %ile        #      %ile
Female                                9,714      63      9,685      59     9,745    61         9,729    56
Male                                 10,675      52     10,644      57   10,576     51        10,567    58
2005 SAT-10 Results
September 2, 2005
Page 4


SAT-10 Results by Ethnicity
Table 3 provides grade 1 and 2 SAT-10 test results by ethnicity. With the exception of Black
students, each ethnic group registered test scores well above the national average of 50 for both
Mathematics and Reading. The percentile scores for Black students were below the national
average in Mathematics and Reading for grades 1 and 2. While test scores for American Indian
students are displayed, the low enrollment dictates that results should be interpreted with caution.

                        Table 3: Broward SAT-10 Results by Ethnicity
                                     Grade 1                          Grade 2
                            Reading        Mathematics       Reading        Mathematics
Ethnicity                  #      %ile       #    %ile      #      %ile       #    %ile
American Indian              54    55          54  55         37    68          38  59
Asian                       641    70         641  69        701    71         703  66
Black                     7,249    49      7,220   44      7,214    40      7,222   44
Hispanic                  5,144    55      5,133   57      5,169    58      5,171   55
Multiracial                 645    62         645  61        640    63         642  64
White                     6,656    66      6,636   71      6,535    72      6,545   67

SAT-10 School-by-School Results
School-by-school results are attached to this report in Appendix A. Appendix Tables A1 through
A5 summarize individual Broward school data results for Grades 1 and 2. Please note that
scores are only reported for 2005, as this is the first year that the SAT-10 was administered to
first and second grade students in Broward County.

Highlights of Broward schools' score reports indicate that:
 100 of 146 (68%) Broward elementary schools registered percentile ranks at or above the
   national mean in Reading Comprehension for first grade.
 96 of 146 (66%) Broward elementary schools registered percentile ranks at or above the
   national mean in Mathematics Problem Solving for first grade.
 93 of 147 (63%) Broward elementary schools registered percentile ranks at or above the
   national mean in Reading Comprehension for second grade.
 88 of 147 (60%) Broward elementary schools registered percentile ranks at or above the
   national mean in Mathematics Problem Solving for second grade.
 Notably, students at 18 Broward elementary schools posted average percentile ranks at or
   above the 75th percentile in at least one area, with students at two elementary schools
   (Bayview and Embassy Creek) posting average percentile ranks at or above the 75th
   percentile in both subject areas (Reading Comprehension and Mathematics Problem
   Solving) across both grade levels (first and second).

Although these results are encouraging, continued effort and increased support must be available
for schools. Each Principal and his/her Area Director shall review school scores on the SAT-10
and identify appropriate interventions, particularly for schools posting scores below the national
mean on this assessment (below the 50th percentile).
2005 SAT-10 Results
September 2, 2005
Page 5
This memorandum and the attached appendix can be accessed on the
Student     Assessment       &      School       Performance     Department     website    at
http://www.broward.k12.fl.us/studentassessment/reports.htm.                If you have any
questions regarding this report, please feel free to contact me at 754-321-2470 or Kimberley
Kraft, Director, Student Assessment & School Performance, at 754-321-4257.

FT/KAB/KEK/DG:sjm
Attachments
cc:    Senior Management
       Area Directors
       Principals
       Diane Carr, Executive Director, Core Curriculum
       Frank Vodolo, Executive Director, Educational Programs
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