Ppaca & Hcera; Public Laws 111-148 & 111-152: Consolidated Print
One Hundred Eleventh Congress
United States of America
AT T H E S E C O N D S E S S I O N
Begun and held at the City of Washington on Tuesday,
the fifth day of January, two thousand and ten
Entitled The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of
the United States of America in Congress assembled,
SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; TABLE OF CONTENTS.
(a) SHORT TITLE.--This Act may be cited as the ``Patient Protec-
tion and Affordable Care Act''.
Note: This print is of the Patient Protection and Affordable
Care Act (``PPACA''; Public Law 111148) consolidating the amend-
ments made by title X of the Act and the Health Care and Education
Reconciliation Act of 2010 (``HCERA''; Public Law 111152). The
text of the Indian Health Care Improvement Reauthorization and
Extension Act of 2009 (S. 1790), as enacted (in amended form)
by section 10221 of PPACA, is shown in a separate, accompanying
document. This document has been prepared by the House Office
of the Legislative Counsel (HOLC) for the use of its attorneys and
its clients; it is not an official document of the House of Representa-
tives or its committees and may not be cited as ``the law''. HOLC
welcomes any corrections or suggestions to this document; these
should be emailed to firstname.lastname@example.org.
(b) TABLE OF CONTENTS.--The table of contents of this Act
is as follows:
Sec. 1. Short title; table of contents.
TITLE I--QUALITY, AFFORDABLE HEALTH CARE FOR ALL AMERICANS
Subtitle A--Immediate Improvements in Health Care Coverage for All Americans
Sec. 1001. Amendments to the Public Health Service Act.
Sec. 1002. Health insurance consumer information.
Sec. 1003. Ensuring that consumers get value for their dollars.
Sec. 1004. Effective dates.
Subtitle B--Immediate Actions to Preserve and Expand Coverage
Sec. 1101. Immediate access to insurance for uninsured individuals with a pre-
Sec. 1102. Reinsurance for early retirees.
Sec. 1103. Immediate information that allows consumers to identify affordable cov-
Sec. 1104. Administrative simplification.
Sec. 1105. Effective date.
Subtitle C--Quality Health Insurance Coverage for All Americans
PART 1--HEALTH INSURANCE MARKET REFORMS
Sec. 1201. Amendment to the Public Health Service Act.
PART 2--OTHER PROVISIONS
Sec. 1251. Preservation of right to maintain existing coverage.
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Ppaca & Hcera; Public Laws 111-148 & 111-152: Consolidated Print--2
Sec. 1252. Rating reforms must apply uniformly to all health insurance issuers and
group health plans.
Sec. 1253. Annual report on self-insured plans.
Sec. 1254. Study of large group market.
Sec. 1255. Effective dates.
Subtitle D--Available Coverage Choices for All Americans
PART 1--ESTABLISHMENT OF QUALIFIED HEALTH PLANS
Sec. 1301. Qualified health plan defined.
Sec. 1302. Essential health benefits requirements.
Sec. 1303. Special rules.
Sec. 1304. Related definitions.
PART 2--CONSUMER CHOICES AND INSURANCE COMPETITION THROUGH HEALTH
Sec. 1311. Affordable choices of health benefit plans.
Sec. 1312. Consumer choice.
Sec. 1313. Financial integrity.
PART 3--STATE FLEXIBILITY RELATING TO EXCHANGES
Sec. 1321. State flexibility in operation and enforcement of Exchanges and related
Sec. 1322. Federal program to assist establishment and operation of nonprofit,
member-run health insurance issuers.
Sec. 1323. Community health insurance option stricken.
Sec. 1323. Funding for the territories.
Sec. 1324. Level playing field.
PART 4--STATE FLEXIBILITY TO ESTABLISH ALTERNATIVE PROGRAMS
Sec. 1331. State flexibility to establish basic health programs for low-income indi-
viduals not eligible for Medicaid.
Sec. 1332. Waiver for State innovation.
Sec. 1333. Provisions relating to offering of plans in more than one State.
Sec. 1334. Multi-State plans.
PART 5--REINSURANCE AND RISK ADJUSTMENT
Sec. 1341. Transitional reinsurance program for individual market in each State.
Sec. 1342. Establishment of risk corridors for plans in individual and small group
Sec. 1343. Risk adjustment.
Subtitle E--Affordable Coverage Choices for All Americans
PART I--PREMIUM TAX CREDITS AND COST-SHARING REDUCTIONS
SUBPART A--PREMIUM TAX CREDITS AND COST-SHARING REDUCTIONS
Sec. 1401. Refundable tax credit providing premium assistance for coverage under
a qualified health plan.
Sec. 1402. Reduced cost-sharing for individuals enrolling in qualified health plans.
SUBPART B--ELIGIBILITY DETERMINATIONS
Sec. 1411. Procedures for determining eligibility for Exchange participation, pre-
mium tax credits and reduced cost-sharing, and individual responsibility
Sec. 1412. Advance determination and payment of premium tax credits and cost-
Sec. 1413. Streamlining of procedures for enrollment through an exchange and
State Medicaid, CHIP, and health subsidy programs.
Sec. 1414. Disclosures to carry out eligibility requirements for certain programs.
Sec. 1415. Premium tax credit and cost-sharing reduction payments disregarded for
Federal and Federally-assisted programs.
Sec. 1416. Study of geographic variation in application of FPL.
PART II--SMALL BUSINESS TAX CREDIT
Sec. 1421. Credit for employee health insurance expenses of small businesses.
Subtitle F--Shared Responsibility for Health Care
PART I--INDIVIDUAL RESPONSIBILITY
Sec. 1501. Requirement to maintain minimum essential coverage.
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Ppaca & Hcera; Public Laws 111-148 & 111-152: Consolidated Print--3
Sec. 1502. Reporting of health insurance coverage.
PART II--EMPLOYER RESPONSIBILITIES
Sec. 1511. Automatic enrollment for employees of large employers.
Sec. 1512. Employer requirement to inform employees of coverage options.
Sec. 1513. Shared responsibility for employers.
Sec. 1514. Reporting of employer health insurance coverage.
Sec. 1515. Offering of Exchange-participating qualified health plans through cafe-
Subtitle G--Miscellaneous Provisions
Transparency in government.
Prohibition against discrimination on assisted suicide.
Access to therapies.
Freedom not to participate in Federal health insurance programs.
Equity for certain eligible survivors.
Protections for employees.
Rules of construction.
Health information technology enrollment standards and protocols.
GAO study regarding the rate of denial of coverage and enrollment by
health insurance issuers and group health plans.
Sec. 1563. Small business procurement.
Sec. 1563 [sic]. Conforming amendments.
Sec. 1563 [sic]. Sense of the Senate promoting fiscal responsibility.
TITLE II--ROLE OF PUBLIC PROGRAMS
Subtitle A--Improved Access to Medicaid
Sec. 2001. Medicaid coverage for the lowest income populations.
Sec. 2002. Income eligibility for nonelderly determined using modified gross in-
Sec. 2003. Requirement to offer premium assistance for employer-sponsored insur-
Sec. 2004. Medicaid coverage for former foster care children.
Sec. 2005. Payments to territories.
Sec. 2006. Special adjustment to FMAP determination for certain States recovering
from a major disaster.
Sec. 2007. Medicaid Improvement Fund rescission.
Subtitle B--Enhanced Support for the Children's Health Insurance Program
Sec. 2101. Additional federal financial participation for CHIP.
Sec. 2102. Technical corrections.
Subtitle C--Medicaid and CHIP Enrollment Simplification
Sec. 2201. Enrollment Simplification and coordination with State Health Insurance
Sec. 2202. Permitting hospitals to make presumptive eligibility determinations for
all Medicaid eligible populations.
Subtitle D--Improvements to Medicaid Services
Sec. 2301. Coverage for freestanding birth center services.
Sec. 2302. Concurrent care for children.
Sec. 2303. State eligibility option for family planning services.
Sec. 2304. Clarification of definition of medical assistance.
Subtitle E--New Options for States to Provide Long-Term Services and Supports
Sec. 2401. Community First Choice Option.
Sec. 2402. Removal of barriers to providing home and community-based services.
Sec. 2403. Money Follows the Person Rebalancing Demonstration.
Sec. 2404. Protection for recipients of home and community-based services against
Sec. 2405. Funding to expand State Aging and Disability Resource Centers.
Sec. 2406. Sense of the Senate regarding long-term care.
Subtitle F--Medicaid Prescription Drug Coverage
Sec. 2501. Prescription drug rebates.
Sec. 2502. Elimination of exclusion of coverage of certain drugs.
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Sec. 2503. Providing adequate pharmacy reimbursement.
Subtitle G--Medicaid Disproportionate Share Hospital (DSH) Payments
Sec. 2551. Disproportionate share hospital payments.
Subtitle H--Improved Coordination for Dual Eligible Beneficiaries
Sec. 2601. 5-year period for demonstration projects.
Sec. 2602. Providing Federal coverage and payment coordination for dual eligible
Subtitle I--Improving the Quality of Medicaid for Patients and Providers
Sec. 2701. Adult health quality measures.
Sec. 2702. Payment Adjustment for Health Care-Acquired Conditions.
Sec. 2703. State option to provide health homes for enrollees with chronic condi-
Sec. 2704. Demonstration project to evaluate integrated care around a hospitaliza-
Sec. 2705. Medicaid Global Payment System Demonstration Project.
Sec. 2706. Pediatric Accountable Care Organization Demonstration Project.
Sec. 2707. Medicaid emergency psychiatric demonstration project.
Subtitle II--Improvements to the Medicaid and CHIP Payment and Access
Sec. 2801. MACPAC assessment of policies affecting all Medicaid beneficiaries.
Subtitle III--Protections for American Indians and Alaska Natives
Sec. 2901. Special rules relating to Indians.
Sec. 2902. Elimination of sunset for reimbursement for all medicare part B services
furnished by certain indian hospitals and clinics.
Subtitle IV--Maternal and Child Health Services
Sec. 2951. Maternal, infant, and early childhood home visiting programs.
Sec. 2952. Support, education, and research for postpartum depression.
Sec. 2953. Personal responsibility education.
Sec. 2954. Restoration of funding for abstinence education.
Sec. 2955. Inclusion of information about the importance of having a health care
power of attorney in transition planning for children aging out of foster
care and independent living programs.
TITLE III--IMPROVING THE QUALITY AND EFFICIENCY OF HEALTH CARE
Subtitle A--Transforming the Health Care Delivery System
PART 1--LINKING PAYMENT TO QUALITY OUTCOMES UNDER THE MEDICARE PROGRAM
Sec. 3001. Hospital Value-Based purchasing program.
Sec. 3002. Improvements to the physician quality reporting system.
Sec. 3003. Improvements to the physician feedback program.
Sec. 3004. Quality reporting for long-term care hospitals, inpatient rehabilitation
hospitals, and hospice programs.
Sec. 3005. Quality reporting for PPS-exempt cancer hospitals.
Sec. 3006. Plans for a Value-Based purchasing program for skilled nursing facilities
and home health agencies.
Sec. 3007. Value-based payment modifier under the physician fee schedule.
Sec. 3008. Payment adjustment for conditions acquired in hospitals.
PART 2--NATIONAL STRATEGY TO IMPROVE HEALTH CARE QUALITY
Sec. 3011. National strategy.
Sec. 3012. Interagency Working Group on Health Care Quality.
Sec. 3013. Quality measure development.
Sec. 3014. Quality measurement.
Sec. 3015. Data collection; public reporting.
PART 3--ENCOURAGING DEVELOPMENT OF NEW PATIENT CARE MODELS
Sec. 3021. Establishment of Center for Medicare and Medicaid Innovation within
Sec. 3022. Medicare shared savings program.
Sec. 3023. National pilot program on payment bundling.
Sec. 3024. Independence at home demonstration program.
Sec. 3025. Hospital readmissions reduction program.
Sec. 3026. Community-Based Care Transitions Program.
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Sec. 3027. Extension of gainsharing demonstration.
Subtitle B--Improving Medicare for Patients and Providers
PART I--ENSURING BENEFICIARY ACCESS TO PHYSICIAN CARE AND OTHER SERVICES
Sec. 3101. Increase in the physician payment updaterepealed.
Sec. 3102. Extension of the work geographic index floor and revisions to the prac-
tice expense geographic adjustment under the Medicare physician fee
Sec. 3103. Extension of exceptions process for Medicare therapy caps.
Sec. 3104. Extension of payment for technical component of certain physician pa-
Sec. 3105. Extension of ambulance add-ons.
Sec. 3106. Extension of certain payment rules for long-term care hospital services
and of moratorium on the establishment of certain hospitals and facili-
Sec. 3107. Extension of physician fee schedule mental health add-on.
Sec. 3108. Permitting physician assistants to order post-Hospital extended care
Sec. 3109. Exemption of certain pharmacies from accreditation requirements.
Sec. 3110. Part B special enrollment period for disabled TRICARE beneficiaries.
Sec. 3111. Payment for bone density tests.
Sec. 3112. Revision to the Medicare Improvement Fund.
Sec. 3113. Treatment of certain complex diagnostic laboratory tests.
Sec. 3114. Improved access for certified nurse-midwife services.
PART II--RURAL PROTECTIONS
Sec. 3121. Extension of outpatient hold harmless provision.
Sec. 3122. Extension of Medicare reasonable costs payments for certain clinical di-
agnostic laboratory tests furnished to hospital patients in certain rural
Sec. 3123. Extension of the Rural Community Hospital Demonstration Program.
Sec. 3124. Extension of the Medicare-dependent hospital (MDH) program.
Sec. 3125. Temporary improvements to the Medicare inpatient hospital payment
adjustment for low-volume hospitals.
Sec. 3126. Improvements to the demonstration project on community health inte-
gration models in certain rural counties.
Sec. 3127. MedPAC study on adequacy of Medicare payments for health care pro-
viders serving in rural areas.
Sec. 3128. Technical correction related to critical access hospital services.
Sec. 3129. Extension of and revisions to Medicare rural hospital flexibility program.
PART III--IMPROVING PAYMENT ACCURACY
Sec. 3131. Payment adjustments for home health care.
Sec. 3132. Hospice reform.
Sec. 3133. Improvement to medicare disproportionate share hospital (DSH) pay-
Sec. 3134. Misvalued codes under the physician fee schedule.
Sec. 3135. Modification of equipment utilization factor for advanced imaging serv-
Sec. 3136. Revision of payment for power-driven wheelchairs.
Sec. 3137. Hospital wage index improvement.
Sec. 3138. Treatment of certain cancer hospitals.
Sec. 3139. Payment for biosimilar biological products.
Sec. 3140. Medicare hospice concurrent care demonstration program.
Sec. 3141. Application of budget neutrality on a national basis in the calculation of
the Medicare hospital wage index floor.
Sec. 3142. HHS study on urban Medicare-dependent hospitals.
Sec. 3143. Protecting home health benefits.
Subtitle C--Provisions Relating to Part C
Sec. 3201. Medicare Advantage paymentrepealed & replaced.
Sec. 3202. Benefit protection and simplification.
Sec. 3203. Application of coding intensity adjustment during MA payment transi-
tionrepealed and replaced.
Sec. 3204. Simplification of annual beneficiary election periods.
Sec. 3205. Extension for specialized MA plans for special needs individuals.
Sec. 3206. Extension of reasonable cost contracts.
Sec. 3207. Technical correction to MA private fee-for-service plans.
Sec. 3208. Making senior housing facility demonstration permanent.
Sec. 3209. Authority to deny plan bids.
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