Cengage Advantage Books: Western Civilization, 8th ed.

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                                                                                              ADVANTAGE EDITION




                        WESTERN CIVILIZATION
                        EIGHTH EDITION


                        Jackson J. Spielvogel
                        The Pennsylvania State University




                        Australia  Brazil  Japan  Korea  Mexico  Singapore  Spain  United Kingdom  United States




       Copyright 2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s).
       Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.
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Copyright 2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s).
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              Western Civilization:                                                         2012, 2011, 2009 Wadsworth, Cengage Learning
              Advantage Edition,
                                                                                           ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. No part of this work covered by the
              Eighth Edition
                                                                                           copyright herein may be reproduced, transmitted, stored, or used
              Jackson J. Spielvogel
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       Copyright 2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s).
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                                                                                                              Contents
                        Preface                   vii
                                                                                                                                                         4
                        Introduction to Students                                                                                              THE HELLENISTIC WORLD                                                   99
                        of Western Civilization xiv                                                                                           Macedonia and the Conquests
                                                                                                                                                 of Alexander 100
                        About the Author                                      xvi                                                             The World of the Hellenistic Kingdoms 105
                                                                                                                                              Hellenistic Society 111
                                                                                                                                              Culture in the Hellenistic World 115
                                   1                                                                                                          Religion in the Hellenistic World 120
                        THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST: THE FIRST
                        CIVILIZATIONS 1
                        The First Humans 2                                                                                                               5
                        The Emergence of Civilization 6                                                                                       THE ROMAN REPUBLIC                                               123
                        Civilization in Mesopotamia 8                                                                                         The Emergence of Rome 124
                        Egyptian Civilization: "The Gift of the                                                                               The Roman Republic (c. 509264 B.C.E.) 127
                          Nile" 18                                                                                                            The Roman Conquest of the Mediterranean
                                                                                                                                                 (264133 B.C.E.) 133
                        OPPOSING VIEWPOINTS: Akhenaten's Hymn                                                                                 Society and Culture in the Roman
                           to Aten and Psalm 104 of the Hebrew                                                                                   Republic 138
                           Bible 30                                                                                                           The Decline and Fall of the Roman Republic
                        IMAGES OF EVERYDAY LIFE: The Egyptian                                                                                    (13331 B.C.E.) 148
                           Diet 32
                        On the Fringes of Civilization                                                   34
                                                                                                                                                         6
                                                                                                                                              THE ROMAN EMPIRE                                           163
                                                                                                                                              The Age of Augustus (31 B.C.E.14 C.E.)                                                            164
                                   2                                                                                                          The Early Empire (14180) 171
                        THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST: PEOPLES                                                              AND                       Roman Culture and Society in the
                        EMPIRES 37                                                                                                              Early Empire 178
                        The Hebrews: "The Children of Israel"                                                              38
                        The Neighbors of the Israelites 45
                                                                                                                                              IMAGES             OF       EVERYDAY LIFE: Trade and the
                        The Assyrian Empire 46                                                                                                       Products of Trade                                       179
                        The Neo-Babylonian Empire 50                                                                                          Transformation of the Roman World: Crises
                        The Persian Empire 51                                                                                                    in the Third Century 186
                                                                                                                                              Transformation of the Roman World: The
                                                                                                                                                 Rise of Christianity 188
                                   3
                        THE CIVILIZATION
                        Early Greece 61
                                                                        OF THE              GREEKS                    60                                 7
                                                                                                                                              LATE ANTIQUITY AND THE EMERGENCE                                                                OF
                        The Greeks in a Dark Age                                                                                              THE MEDIEVAL WORLD    197
                          (c. 1100c. 750 B.C.E.) 64                                                                                          The Late Roman Empire 198
                        The World of the Greek City-States
                            (c. 750c. 500 B.C.E.) 67                                                                                         OPPOSING VIEWPOINTS: Two Views
                        The High Point of Greek Civilization:                                                                                        of the Huns                            204
                          Classical Greece 77                                                                                                 The Germanic Kingdoms 208
                        Culture and Society of Classical Greece 85                                                                            Development of the Christian Church                                                            213
                                                                                                                                              The Byzantine Empire 223
                        OPPOSING VIEWPOINTS: Women in Athens
                                                                                                                                              The Rise of Islam 231
                                and Sparta                          94


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        iii
       Copyright 2011 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights, some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s).
       Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.
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