FCAT Replacement – FAQ’s – Florida Department of Education

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Commissioner's Decision for New Florida Standards Assessments                      March 17, 2014
Q and A

1. Why are we replacing the FCAT?

  With new, more rigorous standards in place to help Florida students succeed, the FCAT 2.0
  no longer serves the purpose of measuring student progress and achievement.

  Commissioner Pam Stewart's top priority was to choose the best assessment for students,
  ensuring that the test replacing the FCAT 2.0 in the 2014-15 school year best serves Florida
  students by accurately measuring education gains and progress. To this end, the following
  goals were outlined in Governor Scott's Executive Order on September 23, 2013:

      Provide timely and informative reports of results;
      Do not significantly increase the overall cost of testing to the state, districts or schools;
      Allow students to test as late in the school year as possible;
      Measure student mastery of the standards taught;
      Provide a basis for comparing Florida performance to that of other states;
      Meet high quality standards for assessment, including reliability and validity for a variety
       of accountability purposes;
      Provide the flexibility necessary in order for schools and districts to build technology
       capacity; and,
      Include appropriate accommodations for exceptional students.

2. Why is this important to Floridians?

  It is important that each and every child in this state have the opportunity to learn and
  succeed in college, career and in life. This new method of assessment will allow teachers to
  emphasize critical thinking, which will provide our students with even greater opportunities to
  live and learn in Florida. Business growth will continue as Florida graduates show the ability
  to be the best in the nation, providing a strong workforce in the nation's most desirable
  location to live, to work and to learn.

3. What changes will Florida students and teachers see? What are the benefits to
   students?

  The new Florida Standards, adopted by the State Board of Education in February after
  unprecedented public input and review, will prepare Florida students for success in college,
  career and in life by emphasizing analytical thinking. The new test will provide a more
  authentic assessment of the Florida Standards, because it will include more than multiple
  choice questions. Students will be asked to create graphs, interact with test content and
  write and respond in different ways than on traditional tests. New question types will assess
  students' higher-order thinking skills in keeping with the higher expectations of the Florida
  Standards. This summer, students, educators and parents will be able to preview samples of
  new question types by taking practice tests that will be made available for anyone interested
  in reviewing them.

4. How does this affect school grades and teacher evaluations?

  After the first administration of the Florida Standards Assessments in English language arts
  (ELA) and Mathematics in spring of 2015, the required standard-setting process will be

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  conducted in the summer of 2015 in order to set performance level expectations, also
  referred to as "cut scores." This will provide a new baseline for school grading and other
  accountability measures which will more accurately reflect student performance on the new
  standards and assessments. This baseline, informational approach in the first year provides
  parents, schools, districts and all Floridians with a clear understanding of a student's and a
  school's starting point on the new, more rigorous standards and assessments.

  During the 2014-15 school year, each school district will continue to set its own performance
  standards for teachers using data from the new assessment, to ensure continuity with the
  2013-14 evaluations within each district.

5. Will students be required to pass the new assessments in order to meet promotion
   and graduation requirements?

  The guidelines for promotion and graduation will remain largely the same. Students entering
  3rd grade in 2014-2015, who have only been taught using the Florida Standards since
  kindergarten, will be required to achieve a certain score on the 3rd grade ELA assessment in
  order to meet promotion requirements. The score will be determined in the spring, ensuring
  that students are appropriately identified for retention or promotion. Students not meeting
  these criteria may still meet promotion requirements through any one of six good cause
  exemptions. None of that has changed.

  Students entering 10th grade and/ or taking Algebra 1 in 2014-2015 will be required to
  achieve a certain score on the respective 10th grade ELA test and the Algebra 1 assessment
  in order to meet graduation requirements. These students will continue to have the
  opportunity for retakes that all students have had before. Students who need to retake an
  assessment based on an FCAT 2.0 score will be able to retake the FCAT 2.0.

6. Will the new assessment have been field tested prior to 2014-15?

  Yes. The test questions that Florida students will see beginning in spring of 2015 will have
  been through all of the rigorous review processes currently used in large-scale assessment
  development. The questions will have been field tested and will have been reviewed for
  statistical quality prior to placement on the test. Florida educators and department staff will be
  closely involved in all test development activities, throughout the entire process from
  development to administration, to ensure that test questions meet Florida's quality standards,
  reflect community expectations and are free of any type of bias.

7. Why was the American Institutes for Research (AIR) selected?

  AIR is a not-for-profit organization that provides research, assessment services and technical
  assistance. AIR has been delivering online tests for more than seven years and will deliver
  such tests to nearly five million students across more than 20 states this spring.

  The delivery system that AIR will provide is designed to work on all technological levels. The
  technology requires minimal bandwidth and minimal technical support in schools.

  In addition, AIR will partner with Data Recognition Corporation (DRC) to develop test content
  and to score student responses. DRC has 30 years of experience in developing assessments
  and has successfully scored millions of student responses for large-scale statewide
  assessment programs across the nation.

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8. Have AIR or DRC been involved in any activities related to other major assessment
   consortia?

  As with every major contractor that has experience and expertise in large-scale
  assessments, (and every entity that submitted a response to the Invitation to Negotiate), both
  AIR and DRC have been involved in consortia work. However, the work that each of the
  contractors will be performing for Florida will be independent of any consortium work and
  performed with oversight by the Florida Department of Education. Their work is focused
  solely on fulfilling the department's requirements as related to this contract and on meeting
  the needs of Florida students.

9. Will any students be taking the FCAT 2.0 in 2014-15?

  High school students trying to achieve the necessary score to graduate on their 10th grade
  Reading test will take the FCAT 2.0 to maintain consistency. The FCAT 2.0 science exam will
  be used in grades 5 and 8.

10. Will the tests that will be developed and administered under this contract cost less
  than what the state currently pays for comparable tests? Will they cost less than
  PARCC (Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers) or SBAC
  (Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium)?

  The cost per test and cost per student will decline.

     Comparison of Total Costs for Statewide Assessments in All
    Subject Areas (English, Language Arts/Literacy, Mathematics,
                      Science, Social Studies)
                        Current Costs                    New Costs
   Per Test                $14.58                          $11.47
   Per Student             $36.17                          $34.23


  The contract is for $220 million over six years. The tests cost significantly less than the
  publicly reported costs projected for either PARCC or SBAC.




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