SPORTS RULES SPORT RULES AND REGULATIONS – WIAA

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16.2.0    DIRECTORS MEMBERS OF FACULTY - No school group or individual contestant shall be eligible to
          represent the school in a contest or meet unless the director/coach is at least a part-time employee of the
          school district in which he/she teaches and the holder of a valid certificate to teach in the state of
          Washington.
           16.2.1     Special Certificates for Teachers - When regularly certified teachers are unavailable, school
                      officials may apply to the State Board of Education for special certification for special
                      certification for teachers of specialized subjects. The issuance of consultant special
                      certifications is limited to (a) persons highly qualified and experienced in fields of knowledge
                      taught in the common schools, (b) instructional functions other than regular teaching or (c)
                      persons who are identified as possessing competencies in specified fields and who are
                      assigned instructional responsibility for intramural/interscholastic activities which are part of the
                      district-approved program. Such certificates are issued to individuals who are screened by
                      local school district or educational service district superintendents using criteria approve by the
                      State Board of Education and Superintendent of Public Instruction, The certificate is valid for
                      two (2) years only for the activity specified [WAC 180-80-250(2)].
16.3.0    SUPERVISION OF GROUPS/CONTESTANTS - During the activity, all groups/contestants shall be under
          the supervision of a school district staff member.
16.4.0    COMMUNICATION WITH WIAA - The State Director to Thespians and the presidents of WATE and other
          appropriate professional organizations shall submit to the Executive Director a roster of state officers, state
          committee and district officers upon their election or selection to office.




                                                                                                                              SPORTS RULES
16.5.0    WIAA COMMUNICATION WITH THEATRE/DRAMA ORGANIZATIONS - The WATE and Thespian
          Executive Boards are advisory board to the WIAA Executive Board.
16.6.0    JUDGING - Sponsors of theatre/drama events should refer to WIAA for suggestions for qualified judges.
          16.6.1  WIAA may facilitate a clinic for adjudicators from the theatre community.
16.7.0    AWARDS - A school may accept cash and/or any award for participating in a community activity.


                            SPORT RULES AND REGULATIONS
17.0.0    GENERAL SPORT RULES
PHILOSOPHY OF GENERAL SPORT RULES: As with all of the rules and regulations of the Association the general
rules and regulations for sports are adopted by the membership via their representation on the WIAA on the WIAA
Representative Assembly. AFFIRMATION OF ASSOCIATION GOALS 2.2.1, 2.2.4 AND 2.2.8. THEREFORE:
17.1.0     SCHOOL YEAR - The school year is defined as being the first day of turnouts for fall sports until the final
            spring state tournament has been completed (high school) or until after the completion of the final sports
            season (middle level.)
17.2.0    IN SEASON - DEFINITION - In season will be the first day of turnouts for that sport and will conclude with
           the final day of the state event for that sport in that classification.
           17.2.1     In the absence of a sport being offered by the middle level school, twelve (12) consecutive
                      weeks as determined by the school board within the high school season dates shall apply.
           17.2.2   The first day of the fall sports season is the first allowable practice date for all fall sports except
                    high school football.
17.3.0    ALTERNATE SEASON - DEFINITION - An alternate season is a sports season other than the regular
          sports season designated by the WIAA Executive Board. The alternate season must not exceed the
          same number of weeks as the regular season in that sport.
            17.3.1    If the established sports seasons do not meet local needs (e.g. because of climate, facilities,
                      availability of coaches) a school or group of schools may petition the WIAA Executive Board
                      for the establishment of an alternate sport season.
            17.3.2    When individuals/teams play in the alternate season and qualify for postseason qualifying
                      events in that sport, the individuals/teams are required to have a minimum of ten (10) days of
                      practice prior to any subsequent competition. Practices are not required in golf, but are
                      allowed. These practices (including golf) may start no sooner than twenty (20) school days
                      prior to round one of the state tournament. Each member of the team is allowed to practice.
                      Schools may schedule two (2) contests after the first ten (10) practice days provided these
                      contests would not exceed the total yearly limitation. Only players that have had ten (10) days
                      of practice may take part in these contests.
            17.3.3    During the additional practice period all regular rules and regulations apply.
            17.3.4    Contests that are conducted during an alternate season must meet all regulations pertaining to
                      that sport.
17.4.0    POSTSEASON CONTESTS - Postseason contests are those contests held in order to qualify for State
          Tournament and are played after the regular season has terminated.
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                     2010-2011 Washington Interscholastic Activities Association Handbook
               PHILOSOPHY OF THE OUT-OF-SEASON REGULATIONS: The out-of-season regulations are established to limit
               the involvement of the school and school coach to the WIAA designated season, thereby providing student athletes
               the opportunity to participate in a wide range of activities during the school year and ensuring that each school has an
               equal opportunity to provide fair competition. AFFIRMATION OF ASSOCIATION GOALS 2.2.2 AND 2.2.4.
               THEREFORE:
               17.5.0     OUT-OF-SEASON - DEFINITION  Out-of-season is that time during which paid or volunteer coaches can
                          not coach present or future squad members.
                          HIGH SCHOOL - Out-of-season for all high school sports shall be from August 1 until the first day of the
                          specific sport turnouts and from the final day of the state tournament in that classification for that sport
                          until the conclusion of the final spring sport state tournament. The August 1 cutoff date is waived for
                          school coaches who coach during the summer in non-school programs provided that team has
                          qualified for the next level of competition which ultimately leads to the state/regional/national
                          championship/World Series in baseball and softball.
                          MIDDLE LEVEL  Out-of-season for middle level sports shall be from August 1 until the conclusion of the
                          final day of the middle level spring league schedule, or the final spring school contest in the event the
                          school is not a member of league in that sport, or the final day of the high school spring state
                          championships, whichever is later.
                          17.5.1      For the purposes of the out-of-season regulations, the WIAA has determined that slow pitch
                                      and fast pitch softball shall be considered separate and distinct sports. In addition,
                                      interscholastic wrestling, freestyle wrestling, and Greco-Roman wrestling shall be considered
SPORTS RULES




                                      separate and distinct sports.
                          17.5.2      School sponsorship or promotion of practice and/or participation in a given sport contest is
                                      restricted to the WIAA designated season for that sport. School wide posting or distributing of
                                      information pertaining to a specific event or activity and/or encouraging students to participate
                                      in the event or activity is permissible.
                          17.5.3      Practice shall be limited to each sports season as defined under each sport.
                          17.5.4      Use of school equipment, facilities and/or transportation is contingent upon local school district
                                      written policy.
                                      A.         School uniforms may be worn ONLY during the WIAA season for that sport except
                                                 during Washington State Coaches Association feeder or all state contests. NOTE:
                                                 Uniforms are considered to be the school issued contest uniform (practice or
                                                 shooting shirts are not classified as school uniforms) and are defined in the
                                                 adopted rule book for each specific sport.
                                      B.         Coaches may not transport current and/or prospective athletes to an out-of-season
                                                 event in their particular sport.
                          17.5.5      A coach of a school team (paid or volunteer) may conduct practice only during the WIAA sport
                                      season.
                          17.5.6      Practice is defined as a regularly scheduled team physical activity designed for the preparation
                                      of athletes for the ensuing sports season and must be conducted under the supervision of the
                                      school coach. A practice is further defined as any attempt by the coach of a school team (paid
                                      or volunteer) to teach any phase of a game or activity to their squad or part of their squad or
                                      have their squad or part of their squad engage in drills under the supervision of that coach, or
                                      from directions provided by that coach.
                          17.5.7      A coach may have one (1) organizational meeting with the incoming freshmen or sophomore
                                      at each middle or junior high school for students who are enrolled in the middle or junior high
                                      school whose attendance area is within the high school's attendance area and one (1) meeting
                                      with the squad prior to the opening day of practice to issue equipment and to explain to the
                                      participants such issues as insurance, physical examinations, season's plans, training
                                      regulations and any other pertinent information deemed necessary by the coach.
                                      A.         This restriction does not apply to fundraising activities unless the fundraising
                                                 activities include the students participating in skills that are specific to the sport
                                                 being coached. Fundraising activities are subject to the approval and rules of the
                                                 participating school districts and/or Association Student Body governments.
                                      B.         Organization or implementation of the wrestling weight management program is not
                                                 considered to be the one (1) organizational meeting.
                          17.5.8      In the sport coached, a school coach may not sponsor, coach or direct activities which
                                      resemble out-of-season practices or contests to any student (high schools and feeder schools
                                      in the school district) except during the designated season for that sport until after the final
                                      spring WIAA tournament is completed (high school) or until after the completion of the final
                                      spring sports season (middle level.) A feeder school may be either grades 7 and 8 or grades
                                      7, 8 and 9.
                                      A.         A coach may coach his/her child at any time.

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                                    2010-2011 Washington Interscholastic Activities Association Handbook
                    B.          Public School District defined: The school district for public schools is defined by
                                public school boundaries.
                                1)         If a school district has specific boundaries for its high school(s) and
                                           middle school(s), a high school coach may coach students in the high
                                           school and the middle school(s) that feed directly to the high school only
                                           during their designated season (when the high school and middle level
                                           programs overlap or if that coach is contracted to coach at both the high
                                           school and middle level) or during the summer.
                                2)         During the out-of-season time period, the coach could coach high
                                           school students attending a different high school or a middle school that
                                           does not feed directly to the high school in which that coach was hired
                                           to coach.
                                3)         If a school district has an open enrollment policy, then a high school
                                           coach may coach students in the high school in which the coach is
                                           contracted to coach during the designated high school season, middle
                                           level students within that school district during the time period the high
                                           school and middle level season overlap, or during the summer.
                    C.          During the out-of-season time period, a private high school coach may not coach
                                middle level students who
                                1)         Attend a designated feeder school owned and operated by the high
                                           school where the coach is contracted to coach; or




                                                                                                                        SPORTS RULES
                                2)         In the case where no designated feeder school exists, reside in the
                                           public school district where the private high school is located.
                    D.          A coach may coach seniors who are past squad members after the season is over
                                for one practice and one Washington State Coaches Association all-state game.
         17.5.9     STUDENTS AS MANAGERS OF HIGH SCHOOL TEAMS
                    A.          A manager of a team is limited to preparing water/drinks and providing supplies to
                                the coach and/or players.
                    B.          Managers are not allowed to participate in any warm-up or practice drills in the
                                same role as the athletes.
         17.5.10    SQUAD MEMBERS AS VOLUNTEER COACHES  High school players may serve as middle
                    level assistant coaches/volunteers during the designated middle school season. These high
                    school students must meet WIAA coaches standards minimum requirements as stipulated in
                    Article 23.0.0.
17.6.0   PHYSICAL EDUCATION CLASSES : A member school makes decisions regarding curriculum content
         and teachers and may limit the involvement of its coaching staff in teaching specific courses. Coaches
         may teach physical education classes provided all of the following conditions are met:
         17.6.1.    The class must be open to all students. The class must include students who do not participate
                    in the sport the coach coaches.
         17.6.2     A variety of sports must be taught during the quarter or semester.
         17.6.3     A variety of offensive and defensive strategies in each sport should be emphasized. Class time
                    should not be used to teach offensive and/or defensive strategies that will be implemented by
                    the school team, particularly if the defensive strategies are designed around a specific
                    opponent from another school or another school team.
         17.6.4     Videotapes or films may be shown to the entire class for group instruction. Videotapes or films
                    of interscholastic contests should not be viewed on a one-to-one basis during class time.
         17.6.5     Class members may not challenge one another for positions on the varsity squad in a specific
                    sport. Example: A high jumper jumping during class time for his/her class grade would be
                    allowed, as long as he/she does not challenge another student for a position on the varsity
                    track team.
         17.6.6     Class time may not be used to choreograph, critique, nor judge/officiate a competitive routine
                    during class time.
17.7.0   YEAR ROUND CONDITIONING - A member school may organize and supervise a year-around
         conditioning program to include weight training, running and exercising provided all of the following
         conditions are met:
         17.7.1     Participation in year round conditioning cannot be a requirement or condition of participation on
                    a school team;
         17.7.2     It is open to all students;
         17.7.3     Instruction in specific sports skills is not provided.
17.8.0   OPEN GYM - Schools may conduct open athletic facilities (gym, pools, field, and track) in the off season if
         all of the following conditions are met:
         17.8.1         The program is part of the school district organized recreational or activity program; and
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                   2010-2011 Washington Interscholastic Activities Association Handbook
                           17.8.2      Activities are open and advertised to all members of the student body; and
                           17.8.3      Students have a choice of activities; and
                           17.8.4      No coaching or drilling of the athletes attending occurs; and
                           17.8.5      Supervision is provided by any individual approved by the school district; and
                           17.8.6      Participation in open gym cannot be a requirement or condition of participation on a school
                                       team.
               17.9.0     SPORT CAMPS OR CLINICS - Participants in a school-sponsored sport may attend camps or clinics at
                          any time during the school year or during the summer unless that participant's coach is a
                          clinician/organizer of that camp or clinic.
                          17.9.1             A participant in a school sponsored sport cannot attend any camps or clinics in that sport
                                            after July 31 through the end of the school year if the participant's coach is a
                                            clinician/organizer of that camp or clinic.
                          17.9.2            Participation in a sport camp or clinic cannot be a requirement or condition of
                                            participation on a school team.
               PHILOSOPHY OF SUMMER ACTIVITIES: Students may be afforded the opportunity to participate in activities during
               the summer if they so choose. Students should also be provided with an opportunity to participate with their families
               during the summer or simply take a break from sports prior to the start of fall sports turnouts. Limiting participation
               during the month of August for fall sports athletes helps to ensure that all students begin the fall sports season on an
               equal basis. AFFIRMATION OF ASSOCIATION GOALS 2.2.2 AND 2.2.3. THEREFORE:
SPORTS RULES




               17.10.0 SUMMER ACTIVITIES - Summer is defined for high schools as the first day following the WIAA spring
                          tournaments through July 31. Summer is defined for middle level schools as the first day following the final day of
                          the spring sports schedules through July 31.
                           17.10.1     Coaches may conduct activities during the summer on their own, as individuals.
                           17.10.2     School districts may authorize the use of facilities, school equipment (such as football helmets
                                       and shoulder pads, balls, etc), sport specific apparatus (such as batting cages, football sleds,
                                       nets, etc), facilities, and/or transportation for individuals and/or teams during the summer if
                                       approved by the local school board.
                           17.10.3     School districts may provide liability insurance for summer programs.
                           17.10.4     School districts may not allow for the use of school uniforms during the summer. Uniforms are
                                       considered to be the school issued contest uniform (practice or shooting shirts are not
                                       classified as school uniforms) and are defined in the adopted rule book for each specific sport.
                           17.10.5     Participation in summer programs cannot be a requirement or condition of participation on a
                                       school team.
               17.11.0    PHYSICAL EXAMINATION - Prior to the first practice for participation in interscholastic athletics a student
                          shall undergo a thorough medical examination and be approved for interscholastic athletic competition by
                          a medical authority licensed to perform a physical examination.
                          17.11.1
                                       A.          Documentation of a detailed review of the student's medical history with special
                                                   attention to presence or absence of cardiovascular/pulmonary risks and/or previous
                                                   significant injury and rehabilitation there from.
                                       B.          Documentation of satisfactory examination of the cardiopulmonary system.
                                       C.          Documentation of satisfactory sport-specific orthopedic screening examination.
                                       D.          A written statement by the examiner as to the fitness of the student to undertake
                                                   the proposed athletic participation, together with suggestion for activity modification
                                                   if necessary.
                           17.11.2     Those licensed to perform physical examinations include a Medical Doctor (MD), Doctor of
                                       Osteopathy (DO), Advanced Registered Nurse Practitioner (ARNP), Physician's Assistant
                                       (PA), and Naturopathic Physician.
                           17.11.3     The school in which this student is enrolled must have on file a statement (or prepared form)
                                       from a medical authority licensed to give a physical examination, certifying that the participant's
                                       physical condition is adequate for the activity or activities in which the student wishes to
                                       participate.
                           17.11.4     To resume participation following an illness and/or injury serious enough to require medical
                                       care, a participating student must present to the school officials a written release from a
                                       physician licensed to perform physical examinations as listed in 17.11.2 and/or a dentist as
                                       applicable.
                           17.11.5     The physical examination shall be valid for twenty-four (24) consecutive months to the date
                                       unless otherwise limited by local school district policy or when the physician indicates the
                                       physical is only good for less than twenty-four (24) consecutive months.


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                                     2010-2011 Washington Interscholastic Activities Association Handbook
          17.11.6     For each subsequent twenty-four month period the student shall furnish a statement or
                      physical examination form signed by a medical authority licensed to perform a physical
                      examination that provides clearance for continued athletic participation.
17.12.0   PRACTICE REGULATIONS - School sponsorship or promotion of practice and/or participation in a given
          sport contest must be restricted to the WIAA designated season for that sport. Several practice
          regulations that apply to all sports during the school year are as follows.
          17.12.1     PRACTICE DEFINITION  Practice is defined as a regularly scheduled team physical activity
                      designed for the preparation of athletes for the ensuing sports season and must be conducted
                      under the supervision of the school coach. Participation in physical education classes does
                      not constitute a practice.
          17.12.2     For the purpose of meeting the pre-contest practice requirements, an athlete must participate
                      in a majority of a designated practice time. An individual may meet pre-contest practice
                      requirements only when practicing during regular team practices.
          17.12.3     Practice shall be limited to each sports season as defined under each sport. Practices in one
                      (1) sport can not be transferred toward the number of practices required in another sport.
                      17.12.4     A coach of a school team (paid or volunteer) may conduct practice only during
                      the WIAA sport season.
          17.12.5     One (1) day is equal to one (1) practice for purposes of meeting the minimum practice
                      requirements.




                                                                                                                           SPORTS RULES
          17.12.6     Practice days are considered to be Monday through Saturday.
                      A. Sundays may not be counted toward meeting the minimum practice requirements.
                      B.   A nationally recognized holiday is an allowable practice day.
          17.12.7     Practice on a game day shall not allow an athlete to become eligible for competition on that
                      day.
          17.12.8     Participation in pre-contest warm-up exercises shall not count as a required practice.
          17.12.9     Interruption of Pre-contest Practices - If an individual athlete's pre-contest practice is
                      interrupted, the following procedure will be used to assure that an appropriate period of
                      practice precedes interscholastic competition:
                      A.       An interruption of up to three (3) consecutive school scheduled practice days,
                               excluding Sunday, will have no effect on the value of previous practice days in
                               determining compliance with pre-contest practice requirements. For example: If an
                               athlete has completed seven (7) days of practice and then did not practice for three
                               (3) consecutive school scheduled practice days, excluding Sunday, the previous
                               seven (7) days would still count toward the minimum individual practices required
                               before interscholastic competition.
                      B.       Beginning with the fourth (4) consecutive school scheduled practice day without
                               practice, the total number of days missed will be subtracted from the number of days
                               previously practiced to determine compliance with pre-contest practice requirements.
                               For example: If an athlete completed six (6) days of practice, and then did not
                               practice for five (5) school scheduled practice days, only one (1) of the previous
                               practice days could be counted toward meeting the minimum pre-contest
                               requirement. If an athlete completed eight (8) days, and then missed five (5) days,
                               only three (3) of the previous days could be counted toward meeting the minimum
                               pre-contest practice requirements.
                      C.       Once the pre-contest practice requirements have been met, each school has the
                               authority to establish minimum requirements regarding return to play.
          17.12.10    Waiver of Individual Practice Requirements
                      A.       An individual who participates in any level of WIAA sanctioned sport post season
                               sports playoffs and who cannot meet the minimum practice requirements for the
                               succeeding sport will be allowed to waive up to a maximum of one-half of the required
                               individual practice days for that sport only if the available team practice days for each
                               individual involved in the preceding playoffs are insufficient to meet the minimum
                               requirement before a scheduled contest.
                      B.       An individual, who participated and qualified in the alternate (fall) season for a spring
                               state championship and who also participates in a spring sport, will be allowed to
                               waive up to a maximum of one-half of the required individual practice days for the
                               alternate season sport before a scheduled contest in that sport.
17.13.0   SQUAD - DEFINITION - A group of students playing together against another group of students is a
          squad. A student is considered a member of a squad when the student is included on a school's eligibility
          list for that sport.


                                                   - 25 -
                     2010-2011 Washington Interscholastic Activities Association Handbook
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