DEPARTMENT OF CONSUMER AFFAIRS Bureau of Security and

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POWER TO ARREST TRAINING MANUAL
______________________________________________________________________________
    DEPARTMENT OF CONSUMER AFFAIRS

  Bureau of Security and Investigative Services




         POWER TO ARREST TRAINING MANUAL 

                   October 2011





                           STATE OF CALIFORNIA 

POWER TO ARREST TRAINING MANUAL
______________________________________________________________________________

                              POWER TO ARREST TRAINING MANUAL 


                                             TABLE OF CONTENTS 


                                                                                                                            Page


Table of Contents           ..................................................................................................... 2-3 


Instructor/Employer Introduction and Training Requirements .................................... 4-10 


Steps to Administering Power to Arrest.................................................................... 11-14 


Responsibilities of the security guard/proprietary private security officer/employer . 15-16 


Part A. Role and Responsibilities of the security guard/proprietary private security officer. 17-19


         1. Areas of Responsibility ............................................................................. 20-21 


         2. Prevention is the Key..................................................................................... 22 


         3. Observe and Report ...................................................................................... 22 


         4. Get Help ...................................................................................................... 23 


Part B. Relations with the Local Police.................................................................... 24-25 


Part C. Observation and Report Writing .................................................................. 26-28 


Part D. Authority to Question and a Basis for Making Decisions............................. 29-31 


Part E. Inspections ................................................................................................. 32-33 


Part F. Legal Responsibilities and Liabilities ........................................................... 34-38 


Part G. Factors to Consider Before Making an Arrest ............................................. 39-41 


Part H. Arrestable Offenses .................................................................................... 42-47 


Part I. Private Person's Arrest ................................................................................. 48-50 

POWER TO ARREST TRAINING MANUAL
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                                              TABLE OF CONTENTS 


Part J. Making an Arrest.......................................................................................... 51-55 


Part K. Searching the Suspect ................................................................................ 56-58 


Illustration of the Frisk ................................................................................................... 59 


Part L. Merchant's Privilege Search ........................................................................ 60-61 


Part M. After the Arrest ........................................................................................... 62-64 


Part N. Terrorism            ................................................................................................. 65-68   


Part O. Professional Conduct of a security guard/proprietary private security officer........68-70


Part P. Answers to Study Questions ....................................................................... 70-72 


Part Q. Final Examination ....................................................................................... 72-79 


Power to Arrest Final Examination (Answer Sheet)....................................................... 80 


Instructor's Answer Key................................................................................................. 81 

POWER TO ARREST TRAINING MANUAL
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        INSTRUCTOR - EMPLOYER INTRODUCTION AND TRAINING 

                         REQUIREMENTS

(Listed below are sections in the California Business and Professions Code that pertain to the
Powers to Arrest Manual)

Private Patrol Operator and Security Guards:

Business and Professions Code Section 7582.1(a) defines a private patrol
operator and Section 7582.1(e) defines a security guard, as follows:

7582.1(a) A private patrol operator, or operator of a private patrol service, within the
meaning of this chapter is a person, other than an armored contract carrier, who, for any
consideration whatsoever: Agrees to furnish, or furnishes, a watchman, guard,
patrolperson, or other person to protect persons or property or to prevent the theft,
unlawful taking, loss, embezzlement, misappropriation, or concealment of any goods,
wares, merchandise, money, bonds, stocks,notes, documents, papers, or property of
any kind; or performs the service of a watchman, guard, patrolperson, or other person,
for any of these purposes.

7582.1(e) A security guard or security officer, within the meaning of this chapter, is an
employee of a private patrol operator, or an employee of a lawful business or
public agency who is not exempted pursuant to Section 7582.2, who performs the
functions as described in subdivision (a) on or about the premises owned or controlled
by the customer of the private patrol operator or by the guard's employer or in the
company of persons being protected.

Proprietary Private Security Officer:

Business and Professions Code Section 7574.01(e) defines a proprietary private
security employer and Section 7574.01(f) defines a proprietary private security
officer, as follows:

7574.01(e) "Proprietary private security employer" means a person who has one or
more employees who provide security services for the employer and only for the
employer. A person who employs proprietary private security officers pursuant to this
chapter at more than one location shall be considered a single employer.

7574.01 (f) "Proprietary private security officer" means an unarmed individual who is
employed exclusively by any one employer whose primary duty is to provide security
services for his or her employer, whose services are not contracted to any other entity
(Revised1 10/11)
                                                4
POWER TO ARREST TRAINING MANUAL
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or person, and who is not exempt pursuant to Section 7582.2, and who meets both of
the following criteria:

  (1) Is required to wear a distinctive uniform clearly identifying the individual as a
security officer.
  (2) Is likely to interact with the public while performing his or her duties.

                            TRAINING REQUIREMENTS


Security Guard with Firearm (G with FQ) Training

7583.5.(a) Every licensee and any person employed and compensated by a licensee,
other lawful business or public agency as a security guard or patrolperson, and who in
the course of that employment or business carries a firearm, shall complete a course of
training in the exercise of the powers to arrest and a course of training in the carrying
and use of firearms. This subdivision shall not apply to armored vehicle guards hired
prior to January 1, 1977. Armored vehicle guards hired on or after January 1, 1977,
shall complete a course of training in the carrying and use of firearms, but shall not be
required to complete a course of training in the exercise of the powers to arrest. The
course of training in the carrying and use of firearms shall not be required of any
employee who is not required or permitted by a licensee to carry or use firearms. The
course in the carrying and use of firearms and the course of training in the exercise of
the powers to arrest shall meet the standards which shall be prescribed by the
Department of Consumer Affairs. The department shall encourage restraint and caution
in the use of firearms.
(b) No uniformed employee of a licensee shall carry or use any firearm unless the
employee has in his or her possession a valid firearm qualification card.

Security Guard (G) Training

7583.6. (a) A person entering the employ of a licensee to perform the functions of a
security guard or a security patrolperson shall complete a course in the exercise of the
power to arrest prior to being assigned to a duty location.
(b) Except for a registrant who has completed the course of training required by Section
7583.45, a person registered pursuant to this chapter shall complete not less than 32
hours of training in security officer skills within six months from the date the registration
card is issued. Sixteen of the 32 hours shall be completed within 30 days from the date
the registration card is issued.
(c) A course provider shall issue a certificate to a security guard upon satisfactory
completion of a required course, conducted in accordance with the department's
requirements. A private patrol operator may provide training programs and courses in

(Revised1 10/11)
                                              5
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