AP Biology Chapter 50 Guided Reading

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AP Biology                              Name ____________________________
Chapter 50 Guided Reading


  1. Define the following terms:
        a. Abiotic

        b. Biotic

        c. Biota

        d. Give an example of the interactions of biotic and abiotic factors.


  2. Explain the factors that affect dispersal of organisms.



  3. Give two examples of the impact of abiotic factors on the distribution of organism:
        a. Temperature


        b. Water


        c. Sunlight


        d. Wind


        e. Rocks and soil


  4. What is the difference between macroclimate and microclimate?



  5. How does latitude affect sunlight intensity?


  6. What causes the seasons?




                                     Page 1 of 16
7. Explain how mountains affect rainfall?



8. How does seasonal turnover in lakes affect the oxygen level available to the
   aquatic organisms?




9. Label the below listed diagrams of aquatic and marine environments  also
   include a written description of the zone.

      a. Aquatic




      b. Marine




10. Use a chart to describe following aquatic biomes  write enough to use this as a
   study guide for the test.
      a. Lakes


      b. Streams and Rivers


      c. Estuaries




                                  Page 2 of 16
         d. Wetlands


         e. Intertidal Zones


         f. Ocean Pelagic Biome


         g. Coral Reef


         h. Marine Benthic Zone


  11. How does temperature and precipitation impact the distribution of terrestrial
     biomes? This is a core concept.




  12. Create a chart of the following terrestrial biomes  write enough to use this
     guided reading as a study guide for the test.
        a. Tropical forest

         b. Desert

         c. Savanna

         d. Chaparral

         e. Temperate grassland

         f. Coniferous forest

         g. Temperate broadleaf forest

         h. Tundra


Chapter 51 Guided Reading




                                     Page 3 of 16
1. How do behavioral ecologists define behavior?


2. What is the focus of:
     a. Proximate questions of behavior?


      b. Ultimate questions of behavior?


3. Define the following terms:
      a. Ethology

      b. Fixed action pattern

      c. Sign stimulus

      d. Imprinting

      e. Sensitive period

      f. Innate behavior

4. Compare and contrast and give specific examples of kinesis and taxis.



5. What is the relationship between migration and genetic control?


6. How are the terms signal and communication related?



7. Describe and give three different examples of animal signals and communication.




8. What evidence is there that mating and parental behavior can be under genetic
   influence?




                                 Page 4 of 16
9. Define the following terms:
      a. Learning


       b. Habituation


       c. Spatial learning

       d. Cognitive map


       e. Associative learning


       f. Classical conditioning


       g. Operant conditioning



10. Describe the classic experiment done by Tinbergen dealing with wasps. Why
   was this experiment considered important?




11. Specifically, describe what cognitive ethology studies.



12. Look up the definition of natural selection or review briefly the first chapter pages
   15  18. Using this framework proved two different examples of the relationship
   between behavioral trait and natural selection. Why does this relationship "make
   sense"?




13. The statement can be made that "there are risks and benefits" to everything."
   How does this relate to the optimal foraging theory?



                                    Page 5 of 16
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