ap us history scoring guidelines – AP Central – Advanced

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AP United States History
                                     2010 Scoring Guidelines




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                              AP UNITED STATES HISTORY
                               2010 SCORING GUIDELINES

                            Question 1 -- Document-Based Question
In what ways did ideas and values held by Puritans influence the political, economic, and social
development of the New England colonies from 1630 through the 1660s?

The 89 Essay
    Contains a well-developed thesis that analyzes the ways in which Puritan ideas and values
      influenced the political, economic, and social development of the New England colonies from 1630
      through the 1660s.
    Presents an effective analysis of the ways in which Puritan ideas and values influenced the
      political, economic, and social development of the New England colonies:
           o Discussion of the influence of Puritan ideas and values on the political, economic, and
              social development of the New England colonies may be somewhat imbalanced.
           o Discussion of one factor may be embedded in the discussion of other factors.
    Effectively uses a substantial number of documents.
    Supports thesis with substantial and relevant outside information.
    May contain minor errors but is clearly organized and well written.

The 57 Essay
    Contains a thesis addressing the ways in which Puritan ideas and values influenced the political,
      economic, and social development of the New England colonies from 1630 through the 1660s.
    Has limited analysis of the ways in which Puritan ideas and values influenced the political,
      economic, and social development of the New England colonies:
         o Discussion of the influence of Puritan ideas and values on the political, economic, and
             social development of the New England colonies may be imbalanced.
         o Discussion of one factor may be embedded in the discussion of other factors.
    Effectively uses some documents.
    Supports thesis with some relevant outside information.
    May have errors that do not seriously detract from the quality of the essay.
    Shows acceptable organization and writing; language errors do not interfere with comprehension.

The 24 Essay
    Contains a limited or undeveloped thesis.
    Deals with the question in a general manner; simplistic, superficial treatment of the subject.
    Merely paraphrases quotes or briefly cites documents.
    Contains little outside information or information that is inaccurate or irrelevant.
    May have major errors.
    May be poorly organized and/or written.

The 01 Essay
    Contains no thesis or a thesis that does not address the question.
    Exhibits inadequate or incorrect understanding of the question.
    Has little or no understanding of the documents or ignores them completely.
    Has numerous errors.
    Is written so poorly that it inhibits understanding.

The -- Essay
    Is blank or completely off topic.

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                             AP UNITED STATES HISTORY
                              2010 SCORING GUIDELINES

                         Question 1 -- Potential Outside Information

"An hour's idleness is as bad as an hour's                 Jeremiads
   drunkenness"                                            King Charles I
Anglican Church                                            King Philip (Metacom)
Antinomianism                                              Magistrates
Apprenticeship                                             Majority rule
Arabella covenant (Arbella)                                Mason, John
Archbishop William Laud                                    Massachusetts Bay Company
Banishment of Roger Williams (1635)                        Massachusetts School Laws of 1642 and 1647
Bay Psalm Book                                             Massachusetts tribe
Bible (Holy) Commonwealth                                  Meetinghouse
Blue Laws (sumptuary laws)                                 Narragansetts
"Body of Liberties," 1641                                  New England Confederation
Bradstreet, Anne                                           New England Primer
Calvin, John                                               New England town meetings
Charter colony                                             "New England Way"
"City on a hill" ("light upon a hill")                     New Hampshire
Congregational Church                                      New Haven
Congregational rule                                        Old Deluder Satan Law
Connecticut                                                Original sin
Conversion experience                                      Paternalism
Coverture                                                  Patriarchal family
Dame schools                                               Pequot Wars (1637)
"Damned if you do, damned if you don't"                    Pilgrims (separatists/nonconformists)
Davenport, John                                            Plymouth Plantation
Deserving poor                                             Praying towns
Direct democracy                                           Predestination
"Drunkenness"                                              Profit motive (reasonable profit)
Dyer, Mary                                                 Protestant work ethic
"Elect"                                                    Providence Plantation
Eliot, John                                                Public education
Establishment of public education                          Puritan Utopia
"Fall of the cow" -- economic recession, 1640s             Pynchon, William
Freedom of religion                                        Quakers
Fundamental Orders of Connecticut                          Quasi-theocracy
General Court                                              Rhode Island
"General Fundamentals" of Plymouth                         Rogue's Island
"God's barn"                                               "Sacred cod"
"God versus cod"                                           Salutary neglect
Gorton, Samuel                                             Separation of church and state
Great Puritan migration, 16301643                         Shipbuilding
Halfway Covenant/Cambridge Agreement                       Social reciprocity
Harvard College                                            Standish, Miles
Heresy/heretics                                            Theocracy
High population density (compact settlements)              Town meetings
Homogeneous makeup of New England                          Township education system
Hooker, Thomas                                             Trade and Navigation Acts
Hutchinson, Anne (banished in 1638)                        Visible saints
"Idle hands are the devil's workshop"                      Wampanoags
Increase Mather (16391723)                                West Indian trade

                                              2010 The College Board.
                           Visit the College Board on the Web: www.collegeboard.com.
                           AP UNITED STATES HISTORY
                            2010 SCORING GUIDELINES

               Question 1 -- Potential Outside Information (continued)

                                   Puritan Beliefs and Values

   Predestination:
        o Doctrine of original sin.
        o Man is saved by God's grace alone.
   Success and good works were possible signs of salvation but not its cause.
   Passion for righteousness:
        o Desire to know and do God's will.
        o Strong belief in themselves, their mission to the world and their morality.
   An insistence on keeping the Sabbath holy.
   Church hierarchy and ritual were unnecessary:
        o Each Puritan congregation governed itself.
   One could lead a New Testament life and still profit financially.
   God dictated the Bible as a complete guide to life:
        o Education was central to understanding the Bible and conducting business.
   The Trinity maintained a direct line of communication with individual Christians through their
    consciences.
   A yearning to approach God directly without intermediaries.
   Desire to establish a "community," rather than a colony, through a covenant with God.
   Matrimony was a contract rather than a sacrament.
   Social reciprocity (the belief that the rich had an obligation to assist the poor and that the poor had
    an obligation to obey):
        o Social hierarchy was part of the natural order and divinely ordained.
   Protestant work ethic (idleness is a sin).
   Patriarchal family:
        o Family played a critical role in the community by transmitting religious beliefs and
            maintaining order.
        o Women played a subordinate role.




                                            2010 The College Board.
                         Visit the College Board on the Web: www.collegeboard.com.
                               AP UNITED STATES HISTORY
                                2010 SCORING GUIDELINES

                         Question 1 -- Document Information and Inferences

                                                Document A


        Source: John Winthrop, "A Modell of Christian Charity," 1630.

        . . . wee must be knitt together, in this worke, as one man. Wee must entertaine each other
        in brotherly affection. Wee must be willing to abridge ourselves of our superfluities, for
        the supply of others' necessities. Wee must uphold a familiar commerce together in all
        meekeness, gentlenes, patience and liberality. Wee must delight in eache other; make
        other's conditions our owne; rejoice together, mourne together, labour and suffer together,
        always haueving before our eyes our commission and community in the worke, as
        members of the same body. . . . The eies [eyes] of all people are upon us. Soe that if wee
        shall deale falsely with our God in this worke wee have undertaken, and soe cause him to
        withdrawe his present help from us, wee shall be made a story and a by-word through the
         world.


Document Information
    All must work and suffer together as one.
    The eyes of all people are upon us.
    We must not deal falsely with our God.
    If the effort fails, we will be ridiculed by the world.

Document Inferences
Puritans:
     believed they were undertaking God's work (covenant);
     wanted to establish Massachusetts Bay as an example of how to purify the Anglican Church;
     wanted to establish a Bible Commonwealth (quasi-theocracy/theocracy);
     emphasized cooperation and community over the individual;
     emphasized conformity;
     chose John Winthrop as the leader of Massachusetts Bay.

Potential Outside Information
Anglican Church                                 Arabella covenant
Bible Commonwealth                              Charter colony
"City on a hill"                                Massachusetts Bay Company
Salutary neglect                                Social reciprocity




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