GLOBAL HISTORY AND GEOGRAPHY – Elementary, Intermediate Tests and

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                                The University of the State of New York


                              GLOBAL HISTORY
                              AND GEOGRAPHY
             Wednesday, August 17, 2011 -- 12:30 to 3:30 p.m., only

       Student Name ______________________________________________________________

       School Name _______________________________________________________________

            Print your name and the name of your school on the lines above. A separate answer
       sheet for Part I has been provided to you. Follow the instructions from the proctor for
       completing the student information on your answer sheet. Then fill in the heading of each
       page of your essay booklet.
            This examination has three parts. You are to answer all questions in all parts. Use black
       or dark-blue ink to write your answers to Parts II, III A, and III B.
             Part I contains 50 multiple-choice questions. Record your answers to these questions
       as directed on the answer sheet.
            Part II contains one thematic essay question. Write your answer to this question in
       the essay booklet, beginning on page 1.
            Part III is based on several documents:
                 Part III A contains the documents. When you reach this part of the test, enter
            your name and the name of your school on the first page of this section.
                 Each document is followed by one or more questions. Write your answer to each
            question in this examination booklet on the lines following that question.
                Part III B contains one essay question based on the documents. Write your
            answer to this question in the essay booklet, beginning on page 7.
            When you have completed the examination, you must sign the declaration printed at
       the end of the answer sheet, indicating that you had no unlawful knowledge of the questions
       or answers prior to the examination and that you have neither given nor received assistance
       in answering any of the questions during the examination. Your answer sheet cannot be
       accepted if you fail to sign this declaration.
           The use of any communications device is strictly prohibited when taking this
       examination. If you use any communications device, no matter how briefly, your
       examination will be invalidated and no score will be calculated for you.


                                                      Part I

                                      Answer all questions in this part.

   Directions (150): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

 1  Keeping field notes from excavation sites                   6 The rule of Shi Huangdi, legalism, and the tomb
    Analyzing radiocarbon dating test results                     of terra cotta soldiers are most closely associated
    Examining and cataloging artifacts                            with the
     Which social scientist directly engages in these              (1) Maurya Empire           (3) Persian Empire
     activities?                                                   (2) Qin dynasty             (4) Hellenistic culture
     (1) political scientist   (3) historian
     (2) archaeologist         (4) sociologist                   7 The development of which early civilization was
                                                                   influenced most directly by the Tigris River, the
                                                                   Zagros Mountains, and the Syrian Desert?
 2 Use of terracing is an example of a society's
   reaction to                                                     (1) Chinese               (3) Egyptian
   (1) religious beliefs                                           (2) Maya                  (4) Mesopotamian
   (2) social stratification
   (3) geographic conditions                                     8 Which religion includes the Four Noble Truths,
   (4) political situations                                        the Eightfold Path, and nirvana?
                                                                   (1) Buddhism              (3) Judaism
 3 What is a major feature of a traditional economy?               (2) Hinduism              (4) Christianity
   (1) nationalizing foreign-owned businesses
   (2) determining prices using a free market                    9 Which geographic factor affected the development
                                                                   of the Gupta Empire?
   (3) establishing quotas based on five-year plans
   (4) bartering for goods and services                            (1) volcanoes              (3) monsoons
                                                                   (2) permafrost             (4) island location
 4  If a son has struck his father, they shall cut off
     his hand.                                                  10 The Russian Orthodox Church developed as a
    If a seignior has destroyed the eye of a member               result of Russia's cultural interactions with which
     of the aristocracy, they shall destroy his eye.               group?
    If he has broken another seignior's bone, they                (1) Byzantines               (3) Vikings
     shall break his bone.                                         (2) Muslims                  (4) Huns
     Which document contains these statements?
     (1) Ten Commandments                                       11 Which statement about the Sahara is most closely
     (2) Code of Hammurabi                                         associated with the West African civilizations of
     (3) Edicts of Asoka                                           Ghana and Mali?
     (4) Twelve Tables                                             (1) Irrigation systems made it possible to farm in
                                                                       the Sahara.
 5 Which geographic feature has helped isolate                     (2) Salt mined in the Sahara was exchanged for
   China?                                                              gold.
                                                                   (3) Oases in the Sahara served as their capital
   (1) Andes Mountains
   (2) Kalahari Desert
                                                                   (4) The Sahara prevented the spread of Islam to
   (3) Himalaya Mountains                                              the region.
   (4) Great Rift Valley

Global Hist. & Geo.  Aug. '11                            [2]
    Base your answers to questions 12 and 13 on the          17 During the Ming dynasty, why did China enjoy a
speakers' statements below and on your knowledge of             favorable balance of trade with Europe?
social studies.                                                 (1) The Ming dynasty imported numerous
                                                                    manufactured goods from Europe.
Speaker A: We must fight to keep control of                     (2) China exported large quantities of opium to
           Jerusalem in the hands of those who                      European traders.
           believe in Allah.                                    (3) Chinese silk continued to be in high demand
Speaker B: Come and battle while there is still time                in Europe.
           to protect the Holy Land where Christ                (4) The Ming dynasty paid tribute to European
           walked.                                                  traders.
Speaker C: We must go forth to heal the split
           between the churches.                             18 One way the Incas adapted their environment
Speaker D: An investment in ships and knights will              was by
           yield control of profitable trade routes.            (1) building a network of roads through the
12 Which speaker expresses a Muslim perspective                 (2) growing rice as a major agricultural product
   during the Crusades?                                         (3) establishing an encomienda system
   (1) A                   (3) C                                (4) creating floating gardens
   (2) B                   (4) D
                                                                 Base your answers to questions 19 and 20 on the
13 Which speaker is expressing an economic motive            passage below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   for the Crusades?
                                                                . . . It recounts the life of the officials, the notaries,
   (1) A                     (3) C                              the deputies, the proprietors of Indian labour, the
   (2) B                     (4) D                              priests, the miners and the Spaniards who travel
                                                                from post to post along the roads and rivers of
                                                                Peru; the visitors, the judges, the Indian chiefs
14 The bubonic plague affected economic                         and their subjects, including the very poor.
   development in medieval times by                                   In my work I have always tried to obtain the
   (1) encouraging the introduction of new types of             most truthful accounts, accepting those which
       crops                                                    seemed to be substantial and which were
   (2) causing production to decline and prices to              confirmed from various sources. I have only
       rise                                                     reported those facts which several people agreed
   (3) sparking the ideas of socialism and reform               upon as being true. . . .
   (4) destroying the guild system                                -- Huamn Poma, Letter to a King: A Peruvian Chief's
                                                                Account of Life Under the Incas and Under Spanish Rule,
                                                                                                            E. P. Dutton
15 One reason the Renaissance began in Italy was
   that Italian city-states                                  19 This author is describing the process he used in
   (1) defeated the Spanish Armada                              (1) formulating a scientific theory from earlier
   (2) were unified as a nation under the Pope                      experiments
   (3) were unaffected by the Commercial                        (2) developing a historical account from primary
       Revolution                                                   sources
   (4) dominated key Mediterranean trade routes                 (3) comparing details of differing religions
                                                                (4) explaining the importance of obeying laws
16 In The Prince, Machiavelli advises rulers to
   (1) seek the approval of the people                       20 According to this author, accounts used in making
   (2) establish and maintain power                             statements of fact must be
   (3) promote openness in government                           (1) brief                   (3) verified
   (4) learn and follow the commandments of the                 (2) interesting             (4) unbiased
Global Hist. & Geo.  Aug. '11                         [3]                                                        [OVER]
     Base your answer to question 21 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.

                                 The African Diaspora, 15th Century  19th Century

                                   Source: Stanley I. Kutler, ed., Dictionary of American History, Third Edition, Volume 7,
                                                                                  Charles Scribner's Sons, 2003 (adapted)

              21 The arrows on this map, "The African Diaspora," represent the
                 (1) development of trade routes in North Africa
                 (2) expansion of African kingdoms involved in the slave trade
                 (3) forced migration of African peoples from their homeland
                 (4) dependence by Africans on imports for economic development

Global Hist. & Geo.  Aug. '11                                  [4]
22 Akbar the Great, Suleiman the Magnificent, and              27 Which statement represents a central idea of
   Louis XIV are all rulers associated with                       laissez-faire economics?
   (1) natural rights         (3) religious toleration            (1) Class struggles are based on inequities.
   (2) filial piety           (4) absolutism                      (2) Workers should form unions to better their
23 What was a major effect of the Magna Carta and                 (3) Prices are best determined by supply and
   the English Bill of Rights on Great Britain?                        demand.
   (1) The power of the monarch was limited.                      (4) The government should own all means of
   (2) Ireland revolted against the monarchy.
   (3) Parliament was abolished.
   (4) A renewed interest in Greek and Roman                   28 A major goal of both the Sepoy Mutiny and the
       culture developed.                                         Boxer Rebellion was to
                                                                  (1) remove foreign influences
24 Which event is most closely associated with the                (2) restore parliamentary government
   French Revolution?                                             (3) improve access to civil service examinations
   (1) Council of Trent                                           (4) outlaw caste systems
   (2) Thirty Years' War
   (3) Reign of Terror                                         29 In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Japan
   (4) Paris Peace Conference                                     rapidly industrialized. During which period did
                                                                  this change take place?
25 A. Toussaint L'Ouverture declares Haiti                        (1) Heian Court           (3) Yuan dynasty
      independent.                                                (2) Song dynasty          (4) Meiji Restoration
   B. Declaration of the Rights of Man and the
      Citizen is written in France.                            30 The Amritsar Massacre and the Salt March are both
   C. The thirteen colonies gain independence from                associated with the independence movement in
      Great Britain.                                              (1) Iraq                  (3) China
   D. Simn Bolvar frees Colombia from Spanish                   (2) India                 (4) Kenya
                                                               31 Which factor led to the rise of communist
     What is the correct chronological order for these            revolutions in Russia and in China?
     events?                                                      (1) increase in agricultural production around
     (1) A  B  D  C            (3) A  D  C  B                         the world
     (2) C  B  A  D            (4) D  C  B  A                     (2) onset of the global depression that restricted
                                                                  (3) scarcity of workers for available jobs
26  Irregular coastline
                                                                  (4) unequal distribution of wealth between social
    Abundant mineral resources
    Large labor force
    Investment capital
     Which country had these characteristics and used
     them to industrialize in the 1700s?
     (1) Germany                (3) Great Britain
     (2) Italy                  (4) Japan

Global Hist. & Geo.  Aug. '11                           [5]                                                 [OVER]
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