2011 Basic Life Support (BLS) for Healthcare Providers Classroom

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2011 Basic Life Support (BLS) for Healthcare Providers Classroom Course & Materials
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Updated May 18, 2011

Post-launch Questions

Course Materials Questions:
Q:      On the BLS for Healthcare Providers DVD, the Lesson Maps for the renewal course do not match the
        sequence of the video. What should Instructors do to correct this in teaching?
A:      While the renewal course video teaches the lessons following the proper sequence, the Lesson Map "R10"
        is not in the correct place in the BLS for Healthcare Providers Instructor Manual. Students must be taught
        how to use the bag-mask device before practicing its use. Therefore, Instructors should re-order Lesson
        Maps in the proper sequence of R7, R10, R8, R9. This will be corrected at the next re-printing of the
        Instructor Manual.

Q:      On the BLS for Healthcare Providers DVD, why don't the chapter listings match the DVD insert?
A:      The DVD insert actually references the Lesson Map title, not the DVD chapter. The insert is meant to be a
        course outline and guide for the Lesson Maps, rather than a chapter listing. In the next printing of the
        DVD, the word "map" will be added to the DVD insert for clarification.

Q:      I cannot access the renewal course portion of the DVD. What should I do?
A:      The renewal course portion of the video can be accessed after the accessed after the DVD is loaded,
        immediately following the student to manikin ratio menu. Once the student to manikin ratio has been
        selected, users will be asked to choose whether they want to view the full course or the renewal course.
        While there is not a menu button that allows the user to return to the full vs. renewal course menu, users
        can simply eject and reload the DVD to regain access to this menu.

Q:      I cannot access the menu to select the student to manikin ratio I want to use for my course. What
        should I do?
A:      The student to manikin ratio menu can be accessed immediately after the DVD is loaded. It also may be
        accessed when the "Top Menu" button on the DVD's remote is pressed; however this is not universal
        solution since not all DVD remotes are the same. While there is not a menu button that allows the user to
        return to the ratio menu, users simply can eject and reload the DVD to regain access to this menu.

Q:      When I fast-forward my BLS for Healthcare Providers DVD, it skips to the renewal course. Why? How
        can I prevent this?
A:      To prevent the DVD from jumping ahead, when possible, use the Chapter Listings menu to access specific
        content instead of fast-forwarding to subsequent sections of the video. Also, if the user's DVD includes
        the function to play at 2x normal speed, this option can be used to move forward through the DVD.

Q:      Why can't I print the "summary of steps" document from the BLS for Healthcare Providers Instructor
        CD?
A:      The Summary of Steps chart, found on the Instructor CD included with the BLS for Healthcare Providers
        Instructor Manual, cannot be printed due to security features. However, this table is the same table
        printed in the 2010 Guidelines Highlights document. This table is posted on the AHA Instructor Network in
        the News section at the path Guidelines > Guidelines Tools & Resources > Additional Tools. It is labeled
        "Guidelines Highlights Summary Table of Key BLS Components for Adults, Children and Infants."

        This document also can be found on page 57 of the BLS for Healthcare Providers Student Manual.
Training Questions:
Q:       Do Training Centers have to retain a copy of each student's completed skills testing sheet?
A:       No. In the BLS for Healthcare Providers Instructor Manual, page 21 states that Instructors must keep a
         copy of each student's completed skills testing sheet as a record of competence for future reference if
         needed. However, this is not a complete statement. According to the Program Administration Manual
         (PAM), page 18, Training Centers only have to keep this record for students that were unsuccessful in
         meeting the course completion requirements. For more information, please see page 18 of the PAM.

Q:       Why are two sets of five cycles of CPR practice included in the BLS for Healthcare Providers Course?
         Can Instructors abbreviate the second set of five cycles?
A:       Research has shown that healthcare providers' CPR skills degrade quickly and that high-quality CPR often
         is not performed correctly in hospital settings. The additional 5-cycle practice session was intentionally
         included in the BLS for Healthcare Providers Course to allow for more CPR practice time. It also
         emphasizes the importance of teamwork, when a rescuer becomes fatigued and must switch roles with
         an additional rescuer.
         Instructors should not skip over or shorten any of the skills practice time, as CPR competency is the most
         critical objective of the course.

Q:       Why are students tested on advanced airway management when it is not fully covered in the content of
         the BLS for Healthcare Providers Course?
A:       The BLS for Healthcare Providers test only includes questions regarding the content taught in the BLS for
         Healthcare Providers Course. The test includes only one question regarding airway management, and the
         answer to this question is part of the content of the BLS for Healthcare Providers Course.

Science Questions:
Q:       During infant CPR, why are rescuers no longer taught to keep a hand on the forehead of the infant
         during chest compressions?
A:       Since 2005, the AHA Guidelines for CPR & ECC have emphasized the importance of providing high-quality
         CPR and have attempted to simplify steps and descriptions of CPR skills to reduce the amount of
         information that students must learn and remember to perform high-quality CPR.

         In the past, AHA materials for infant CPR taught rescuers to maintain a hand on the forehead of the infant
         during compressions to facilitate maintenance of the patient's airway and delivery of rescue breaths.
         However, science has shown no evidence that keeping the hand on the forehead does reduce time
         required to deliver breaths during cycles of compressions and ventilations. As a result, the 2011 training
         materials do not demonstrate or require hand placement on the forehead during compressions. Whether
         the student keeps one hand on the forehead or not during compressions should not factor into evaluation
         of the quality and correctness of student performance of CPR skills.

Q:       Why was Hands-Only CPR removed from the BLS for Healthcare Providers Course?
A:       Hands-Only CPR was removed from this course because, in their role as healthcare providers, rescuers
         should know how to and be comfortable performing conventional CPR with breaths.


Pre-launch Questions

Course Information:
Q:       What is the BLS for Healthcare Providers classroom-based course?
A:       This video-based, Instructor-led course teaches both single-rescuer and team basic life support skills
         for application in both in- and out-of-hospital settings. This course trains participants to promptly
         recognize several life-threatening emergencies, give high-quality chest compressions, deliver
         appropriate ventilations and provide early use of an AED. It includes adult, child, and infant rescue
         techniques. This course also teaches relief of choking.



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Q:   What is different about the 2011 version of BLS for Healthcare Providers versus the 2005 version of the
     course?
A:   The 2011 version of the BLS for Healthcare Providers Course reflects the 2010 AHA Guidelines for CPR &
     ECC, published in October 2010. Other updates to the course include:
          Added emphasis on team resuscitation
          Course includes section on key changes in BLS science
          Course includes an introduction to CPR with an advanced airway
          Focus on the critical concepts of high-quality CPR

Q:   Specifically, what skills and knowledge are taught in the BLS for Healthcare Providers Course?
A:   Content taught in the BLS for Healthcare Providers Course includes:
          Key changes in basic life support science from the 2010 AHA Guidelines for CPR & ECC
          Critical concepts of high-quality CPR
          The AHA Chain of Survival
          1-Rescuer CPR/AED for Adult/Child/Infant
          2-Rescuer CPR/AED for Adult/Child/Infant
          Differences between Adult, Child and Infant rescue techniques
          Bag-mask techniques for Adult, Child and Infant
          Rescue breathing for Adult, Child and Infant
          Relief of choking for Adult, Child and Infant
          CPR with an advanced airway*
              * This is an introduction to the compression/ventilation rate and ratio for a patient who has an
              advanced airway in place. For more information on advanced airways, please refer to the Airway
              Management Course.

Q:   Who is the target audience for this course?
A:   This course is designed for healthcare professionals and other personnel who need to know how to
     perform CPR and other basic cardiovascular life support skills in a wide variety of in- and out- of hospital
     settings. This audience includes nurses, physicians, EMS professionals, students in a healthcare program
     at a university/college, allied health professionals (physical therapists, occupational therapist, athletic
     trainers, etc.) and others who may need training in basic life support skills.

Q:   What is the format for this classroom-based course?
A:   BLS for Healthcare Providers teaches skills using the AHA's Practice-While-Watching technique, which
     allows Instructors to observe the students, provide feedback and guide the students' acquisition of
     skills. The course uses a recommended ratio of 6 students to 2 manikins to 1 instructor.

     Skills practice is included throughout the BLS for Healthcare Providers Course. The course also
     includes skills testing and a written test to ensure students demonstrate competency performing skills
     and have mastered knowledge of cognitive information.

Q:   Which skills are students tested in the BLS for Healthcare Providers classroom course?
A:   During skills testing, students must successfully demonstrate competency performing the following skills:
          1- and 2-Rescuer Adult BLS (includes CPR w/pocket mask, AED use and use of a bag-mask device)
          1- and 2-Rescuer Infant BLS (includes CPR w/pocket mask, AED use and use of a bag-mask device)

Q:   Approximately how long does the BLS for Healthcare Providers classroom course take to complete?
A:   The initial BLS for Healthcare Providers Course takes approximately 4  hours to complete, while the
     BLS for Healthcare Providers Renewal Course takes approximately 4 hours to complete. Times are
     based on the recommended ratio of 6 students to 2 manikins to 1 instructor.




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Q:       Why is the renewal course an hour longer than the 2005 version of the BLS for Healthcare Providers
        Renewal Course?
A:      Research has indicated that skills deterioration occurs over time. Given the continued focus on the
        criticality of performing high-quality CPR, the renewal course includes more time for practice of these
        lifesaving skills.

Q:      Does successful completion of the BLS for Healthcare Providers Course result in receipt of an AHA
        course completion card? If so, what card?
A:      Yes, students who successfully complete the requirements of the BLS for Healthcare Providers Course will
        receive an AHA BLS for Healthcare Providers Course Completion Card. This card is valid for two years.

Q:      Does BLS for Healthcare Providers offer continuing education (CE/CME)?
A:      No, CE/CME credits are not offered for this classroom-based course, as BLS training is most often an
        educational requirement and a basic qualification for employment.

Course Materials:
Q:      What new course materials are available for the BLS for Healthcare Providers classroom course?
A:      Materials for the classroom-based version of the course, updated to reflect the 2010 AHA Guidelines for
        CPR & ECC include:
        Student Materials:
             90-1038 BLS for Healthcare Providers Student Manual

        Instructor Materials:
              90-1035 BLS for Healthcare Providers Course and Renewal Course DVD
              90-1036 BLS for Healthcare Providers Instructor Manual
              90-1037 BLS for Healthcare Providers Instructor Package, includes:
                 o BLS for Healthcare Providers Instructor Manual (90-1036)
                 o BLS for Healthcare Providers Student Manual (90-1038)
                 o BLS for Healthcare Providers Course and Renewal Course DVD (90-1035)
                 o AHA stopwatch

        Cards:
                90-1801 BLS for Healthcare Providers Course Completion Card (3-card sheet)
                90-1802 BLS for Healthcare Providers Course Completion Card (2-card mailer)
                90-1800 BLS Instructor Card (3-card sheet)
                90-1807 BLS Instructor Card (2-card mailer)

Q:      Overall, what are the key differences in the 2011 BLS for Healthcare Providers materials versus the 2005
        materials?
A:      Some key changes to the course materials for the BLS for Healthcare Providers classroom-based course
        include:
              All course materials feature an updated, professional design
              Student manual includes the BLS for Healthcare Providers Pocket Reference Card to provide
                 students ongoing reference on critical concepts and skills
              Student CD has been removed and all pertinent information for the student included in manual
                 and on pocket reference card
              Course video includes section on key changes in BLS science
              Course video focuses on practice and skill demonstrations and features fewer dramatizations
              Course video navigation now includes all chapter listings
              Instructor manual includes divider tabs
              Instructor manual now includes "Additional Resources" section




                                                        4
Q:   What materials must a student have to take a BLS for Healthcare Providers class?
A:   To take the course, each student must have a BLS for Healthcare Providers Student Manual, including the
     student pocket reference card.

Q:   What is included on the Instructor CD included with the BLS for Healthcare Providers Instructor
     Manual?
A:   The BLS for Healthcare Providers Instructor CD includes:
          1- and 2-Rescuer Adult BLS with AED skills testing sheet
          1- and 2-Rescuer Infant BLS skills testing sheet
          BLS for Healthcare Providers Lesson Maps and Renewal Lesson Maps
          Course evaluations
          An outline of the BLS for Healthcare Providers video chapters and corresponding Lesson Maps
          Reference websites for AHA ECC Instructors
          Summary of the steps of CPR for Healthcare Providers
          Instructor candidate application
          Equipment list
          Sample pre-course letter

Q:   Is there a student CD?
A:   No, the 2011 course materials do not include a student CD. All information for students is included in the
     BLS for Healthcare Providers Student Manual and pocket reference card (included with the manual).

Q:   Is there a student website for this course?
A:   No. All information for students is included in the BLS for Healthcare Providers Student Manual and
     pocket reference card (included with the manual).

Q:   What are the specifications of each of the materials for the BLS for Healthcare Providers classroom
     course?
A:    Materials specifications are as follows:
     Student Manual:
          8.375" x 10.875" manual
          Includes 68 pages of full-color images and text
          Contained within a full-color soft cover
          Includes a 4" x 6.5", 3-panel BLS for Healthcare Providers Pocket Reference Card
          Bound book
          Shrink-wrapped

     Course and Renewal Course DVD:
           Includes both initial and renewal course
           Total run time: 129 minutes (initial course 73 minutes; renewal course 56 minutes)
           Closed-captioned
     Instructor Manual:
           8.375" x 10.875" manual
           Includes 32 pages of full-color images and text
           Contained within a full-color soft cover
           Includes 50 Lesson Maps for initial BLS for Healthcare Providers Course and 42 Lesson Maps for
              renewal course
           Includes 6 divider page tabs
           Includes the BLS for Healthcare Providers Instructor CD, featuring supplemental information and
              tools
           3-hole drilled, unbound
           Shrink-wrapped


                                                     5
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