Political Representation Description

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Seminar
                                       Second Term, 201213


                                      Political Representation


                                          Daniele Caramani


               Venue: Thursdays, 13.0015.00 in Seminar Room 3 (Badia) tbc
                        Registration: Maureen.Lechleitner@eui.eu


Description

The seminar provides a basic and encompassing introduction to political representation as a
concept and to representative government as a set of institutions. The seminar aims therefore
to have both a theoretical and empirical focus. It addresses the dimensions of accountability,
responsibility, substantive vs. descriptive representation, responsiveness, the role of parties as
well as representational roles (trustee, delegate, etc.). The structure of the meetings is based
on the knowledge of classic volumes in the field, but swiftly moves over to the most im-
portant contributions and debates of the last years. The reading list is centred on social and
political science texts, but in an effort to address the issue of political representation from an
interdisciplinary perspective, it includes also texts from political philosophy and law.


Organization

The seminar is organized in two-hour weekly sessions introduced by students' presentations
of about 30 minutes. Readings for the sessions are available for download at the department's
website or on hold in the library. It is expected that participants read the texts in advance and
take actively part in the discussions. One should attend no less than eight out of ten sessions.
Participants should also be familiar with the following texts from politically active thinkers at
the time of the "invention" of representative government in three different countries:

Burke, Edmund (1774). Speech to the Electors of Bristol (at the Conclusion of the Poll). Var-
     ious publishers (available at www.ourcivilisation.com).
Madison, James (1787). "Federalist no. 10". In Hamilton, Alexander, Madison, James and
     John Jay, The Federalist Papers. Various publishers (available through books.google).
Siys, Emmanuel Joseph (1789). Vue sur les Moyens d'Excution Dont les Reprsentans de
     la France pourront disposer en 1789 (pp. 139). Paris: unnamed publisher (available
     through books.google).


Office hours

For questions concerning presentations and additional literature, as well as for discussions on
their dissertations, researchers are welcome to make contact and organize a meeting during
the office hours Wednesday 15.0017.00 and Thursday 11.0013.00.


                     Badia Fiesolana  Via dei Roccettini 9  50014 San Domenico di Fiesole (FI)  Italy
                     Tel. +39 055 4685 036  Fax +39 055 4685 201  www.eui.eu
                                  Schedule of meetings


* Available online.
** Books on hold in library.


Session 1, January 10, 2013: Introduction and task assignment

**Manin, Bernard (1997). The Principles of Representative Government. Cambridge: Cam-
      bridge University Press (Introduction, Chapters 5 and 6).
**Pitkin, Hanna F. (1967). The Concept of Representation. Berkeley: The University of Cali-
      fornia Press (entire book).
**Powell, Bingham G. (2000). Elections as Instruments of Democracy: Majoritarian and
      Proportional Visions. New Haven: Yale University Press (pp. 717).
**Urbinati, Nadia (2006). Representative Democracy: Principles and Genealogy. Chicago,
      Ill.: The University of Chicago Press (Introduction and Chapter 1).


Session 2: January 17, 2013: Historical origins

**Bendix, Reinhard (1964). Nation-Building and Citizenship: Studies of Our Changing Social
     Order. New York: Wiley (Chapters 2 and 3).
**Manin, Bernard (1997). The Principles of Representative Government. Cambridge: Cam-
     bridge University Press (Chapter 2).
**Morgan, Edmund S. (1988). Inventing the People: The Rise of Popular Sovereignty in Eng-
     land and America. New York: Norton (Chapter 2).


Session 3: January 24, 2013: The current debate on representation (please read in
chronological order)

*Mansbridge, Jane (2003). Rethinking Representation. American Political Science Review
     97(4): 51528.
*Rehfeld, Andrew (2009). Representation Rethought: On Trustees, Delegates, and Gyro-
     scopes in the Study of Political Representation and Democracy. American Political Sci-
     ence Review 103(2): 21430.
*Mansbridge, Jane (2011). Clarifying the Concept of Representation. American Political Sci-
     ence Review 105(3): 62130.
*Rehfeld, Andrew (2011). The Concepts of Representation. American Political Science Re-
     view 105(3): 63141.


Session 4: January 31, 2013: Descriptive and group representation

*Mansbridge, Jane (1999). Should Blacks Represent Blacks and Women Represent Women?
     A Contingent "Yes". Journal of Politics 61(3): 62857.
**Phillips, Anne (1995). The Politics of Presence. Oxford: Oxford University Press (Chapter
     1).


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**Williams, Melissa S. (1998). Voice, Trust, and Memory: Marginalized Groups and the
     Failings of Liberal Representation. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press (Introduc-
     tion, pp. 2329 from Chapter 1, pp. 9295 from Chapter 6, pp. 23338 from Chapter 7,
     Conclusion).
**Young, Iris Marion (1997). "Deferring Group Representation". In Shapiro, Ian and Will
     Kymlicka (eds.), Ethnicity and Group Rights. New York: New York University Press
     (Chapter 12).


Session 5: February 7, 2013: Accountability: Responsibility, identifiability, retrospective
voting

**Cheibub Jos Antonio and Adam Przeworski (1999). "Democracy, Elections and Account-
     ability for Economic Outcomes". In Przeworski, Adam, Stokes, Susan C. and Bernard
     Manin (eds.), Democracy, Accountability, and Representation. Cambridge: Cambridge
     University Press (Chapter 7).
**Fearon, James D. (1999). "Electoral Accountability and the Control of Politicians: Select-
     ing Good Types versus Sanctioning Poor Performance". In Przeworski, Adam, Stokes,
     Susan C. and Bernard Manin (eds.), Democracy, Accountability, and Representation.
     Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (Chapter 2).
**Powell, Bingham G. (2000). Elections as Instruments of Democracy: Majoritarian and
     Proportional Visions. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press (Chapter 3)
*Strm, Kaare (2000). Delegation and Accountability in Parliamentary Democracies. Euro-
     pean Journal of Political Research 37(3): 26189.


Session 6: February 14, 2013: Delegation: Responsiveness, dynamic representation, con-
gruence

**Andeweg, Rudy B. (2011). "Approaching Perfect Policy Congruence: Measurement, De-
    velopment, and Relevance for Political Representation. In Rosema Martin, Denters Bas
    and Kees Aarts (eds.), How Democracy Works: Political Representation and Policy
    Congruence in Modern Societies. Amsterdam: Pallas Publications (Chapter 3).
*McDonald, Michael D., Mendes, Silvia M. and Ian Budge (2004). What Are Elections For?
    Conferring the Median Mandate. British Journal of Political Science 34(1): 126.
*Powell, Bingham G. (2009). The Ideological Congruence Controversy: The Impact of Alter-
    native Measures, Data, and Time Periods on the Effects of Election Rules. Comparative
    Political Studies 42(12): 147597.
**Powell, Bingham G. (2000). Elections as Instruments of Democracy: Majoritarian and
    Proportional Visions. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press (Chapter 7).
*Schmitt, Hermann and Jacques J.A. Thomassen (2000). Dynamic Representation: The Case
    of European Integration. European Union Politics 1(3): 31839.


Session 7: February 21, 2013: The "Responsible Party Model"

*Dalton, Russell J. (1985). Political Parties and Political Representation: Party Supporters and
     Party Elites in Nine Nations. Comparative Political Studies 18(3): 26799.



                                               3
**Dalton, Russell J., Farrell, David M. and Ian McAllister (2011). Political Parties and Dem-
     ocratic Linkage: How Parties Organize Democracy. Oxford: Oxford University Press
     (Introduction, Chapters 4, 5 and 6).
**Louwerse, Tom (2012). The Mechanisms of Issue Congruence: The Democratic Mandate.
     West European Politics 35(6): 124971.
*Mair, Peter (2008). The Challenge to Party Government. West European Politics 31(12):
     21134.
**Miller, Warren E. et al. (1999). Policy Representation in Western Democracies. Oxford:
     Oxford University Press (Chapters 1, 2 and 7).


Session 8: February 28, 2013: The impact of institutions

*Blais, Andr and Marc Andr Bodet (2006). Does Proportional Representation Foster Closer
      Congruence Between Citizens and Policymakers? Comparative Political Studies
      39(10): 124362.
**Ezrow, Laurence (2010). Linking Citizens and Parties: How Electoral Systems Matter for
      Political Representation. Oxford: Oxford University Press (Chapters 1 and 3).
*Golder, Matt and Jacek Stramski (2010). Ideological Congruence and Electoral Institutions.
      American Journal of Political Science 54(1): 90106.
**Rohrschneider, Robert, and Stephen Whitefield (2012). Institutional Context and Represen-
      tational Strain in PartyVoter Agreement in Western and Eastern Europe. West Europe-
      an Politics 35(6): 132040.
Wlezien, Christopher, and Stuart N. Soroka (2012). Political Institutions and the Opinion
      Policy Link. West European Politics 35(6): 140732.


Session 9: March 7, 2013: Individual behaviour: Representation roles and styles

*Andeweg, Rudy B. and Jacques J.A. Thomassen (2005). Modes of Political Representation:
     Toward a New Typology. Legislative Studies Quarterly 30(4): 50727.
*Katz, Richard S. (1997). Representational Roles. European Journal of Political Research
     32(2): 21126.
**Manin, Bernard, Przeworski, Adam and Susan C. Stokes (1999). "Elections and Represen-
     tation". In Przeworski, Adam, Stokes, Susan C. and Bernard Manin (eds.), Democracy,
     Accountability, and Representation. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press (Chapter
     1).
**Powell, Bingham G. (2000). Elections as Instruments of Democracy: Majoritarian and
     Proportional Visions. New Haven, Conn.: Yale University Press (Chapter 4)
*Valen, Henri and Hanne Marthe Narud (2007). The Conditional Party Mandate: A Model for
     the Study of Mass and Elite Opinion Patterns. European Journal of Political Research
     46(3): 296318.


Session 10: March 14, 2013: Inclusiveness: Citizenship and right to vote

*Baubck, Rainer (2005). Expansive Citizenship: Voting Beyond Territory and Membership.
     PS: Political Science & Politics 38(4): 68387.



                                             4
*Blais, Andr, Massicote Louis and Antoine Yoshinaka (2001). Deciding Who Has the Right
      to Vote: A Comparative Analysis of Election Laws. Electoral Studies 20(1): 4162.
*Caramani, Daniele and Oliver Strijbis (2012). Discrepant Electorates: The Inclusiveness of
      Electorates and Its Impact on the Representation of Citizens. Parliamentary Affairs
      65(1): 121.
**Earnest, David C. (2008). Old Nations, New Voters: Nationalism, Transnationalism, and
      Democracy in the Era of Global Migration. Albany: State University of New York
      Press (Chapters 13).
*Lpez-Guerra, Claudio (2005). Should Expatriates Vote? Journal of Political Philosophy
      13(2): 21634.
**Shaw, Jo (2007). The Transformation of Citizenship in the European Union: Electoral
      Rights and the Restructuring of Political Space. Cambridge: Cambridge University
      Press (Chapters 1 and 3).
*Song, Sarah (2009). Democracy and Non-Citizen Voting Rights. Citizenship Studies 13(6):
      60720.




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