Composite Risk Management Contents – U.S. Army Criminal

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*FM 5-19 (FM 100-14 )




 Field Manual                                                                                        Headquarters
                                                                                          Department of the Army
 No. 5-19 (100-14)
                                                                                        Washington, DC, July 2006




                   Composite Risk Management


                                                Contents
                                                                                                                      Page
              PREFACE...................................................................................... v
Chapter 1     THE CRM PROCESS .................................................................1-1
              The Steps ...................................................................................1-2
              Tracking and Documentation....................................................1-15
Chapter 2     RESPONSIBILITIES...................................................................2-1
              Commander ................................................................................2-1
              S3 ...............................................................................................2-2
              Staff (All).....................................................................................2-2
              Leader ........................................................................................2-2
              Individual ....................................................................................2-3
Chapter 3     APPLICATION TO TLP..............................................................3-1
              Parallel Planning .........................................................................3-1
              CRM Techniques and TLP..........................................................3-5
              The Individual Soldier's Role ....................................................3-15
Chapter 4     APPLICATION TO THE MDMP..................................................4-1
              Relationship to C2 ......................................................................4-1
              Alignment with the MDMP........................................................... 4-2
              Steps of the MDMP .....................................................................4-4
Chapter 5     APPLICATION TO TRAINING MANAGEMENT......................... 5-1
              Application to the SAT Process ..................................................5-1

Distribution Restriction: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.


*This publication supersedes FM 100-14 dated 23 April 1998 with change 1 dated 8
August 2005.


                                                                                                                             i
Contents



                 Integration into Realistic Training ............................................... 5-2
Chapter 6        APPLICATION TO OTHER FUNCTIONAL AREAS ..................6-1
                 Command Issues........................................................................6-1
                 Command Emphasis .................................................................. 6-2
Appendix A INSTRUCTIONS AND SAMPLE FORM.....................................A-1
Appendix B EXAMPLES FOR OPERATIONS.............................................. B-1
                 GLOSSARY...................................................................Glossary-1
                 SECTION I  ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS .....Glossary-1
                 SECTION II  TERMS ................................................... Glossary-6
                 REFERENCES ..........................................................References-1
                 INDEX..................................................................................Index-1



                                                   Figures
           Figure 1-1. CRM ........................................................................1-1
           Figure 1-2. CRM process ..........................................................1-3
           Figure 1-3. Assessment factors ................................................1-4
           Figure 1-4. Risk assessment matrix..........................................1-8
           Figure 3-1. TLP and risk management steps ............................3-2
           Figure 3-2. MDMP and TLP ......................................................3-3
           Figure 3-3. Information flow ......................................................3-4
           Figure 3-4. Sample hasty risk assessment ...............................3-6
           Figure 3-5. Platoon WARNO..................................................... 3-7
           Figure 3-6. Risk assessment factors......................................... 3-9
           Figure 3-7. Sample verbal order..............................................3-12
           Figure 3-8. Sample graphic overlay ........................................3-13
           Figure 3-9. Sample terrain sketch ...........................................3-14
           Figure 4-1. CRM aligned with C2 ..............................................4-2
           Figure 4-2. CRM aligned with the MDMP..................................4-3
           Figure 4-3. Input and output for the MDMP ...............................4-4
           Figure 4-4. Sample WARNO..................................................... 4-6
           Figure 4-5. Sample overlay .......................................................4-7
           Figure 4-6. Sample staff estimate ............................................. 4-8
           Figure 4-7. Sample risk assessment.......................................4-10


ii                                                    FM 5-19                                                     July 2006
                                                                                                            Contents



            Figure 4-8. Risk management application to step 2 of the
                         MDMP ................................................................. 4-11
            Figure 4-9. Sample risk assessment for G1/AG/S1 ............... 4-12
            Figure 4-10. Sample risk assessment for G2/S2.................... 4-12
            Figure 4-11. Sample risk assessment for G3/S3.................... 4-13
            Figure 4-12. Sample risk assessment for G4/S4.................... 4-13
            Figure 4-13. Sample risk assessment for G5/S5.................... 4-14
            Figure 4-14. Sample risk assessment for G6/S6.................... 4-14
            Figure 4-15. Sample risk assessment for air and missile
                        defense coordination........................................... 4-15
            Figure 4-16. Sample risk assessment for fire support
                        coordination......................................................... 4-15
            Figure 4-17. Sample risk assessment for engineer
                        coordination......................................................... 4-16
            Figure 4-18. Sample risk assessment for NBC coordination. 4-16
            Figure 4-19. Sample risk assessment for medical
                            coordination......................................................... 4-17
            Figure 4-20. Sample execution paragraph ............................. 4-18
            Figure 4-21. Risk assessment matrix ..................................... 4-20
            Figure 5-1. Comparison ............................................................ 5-2
            Figure A-1. Sample DA Form 7566, page 1 .............................A-2
            Figure A-2. Sample DA Form 7566, page 2 .............................A-3
            Figure B-1. Sample worksheet for tactical road march
                            scenario................................................................. B-3
            Figure B-1. Continued............................................................... B-4
            Figure B-2. Sample worksheet for aviation scenario ................B-6
            Figure B-2. Continued............................................................... B-7
            Figure B-3. Sample worksheet for field artillery scenario ....... B-10
            Figure B-3. Continued............................................................. B-10
            Figure B-4. Sample worksheet for base operations scenario . B-12
            Figure B-5. Sample worksheet for POV/party scenario .......... B-13
            Figure B-6. Sample worksheet for weekend pass scenario ... B-14




July 2006                                           FM 5-19                                                       iii
Contents




                                             Tables
           Table A-1. Worksheet Instructions........................................... A-1




iv                                            FM 5-19                                         July 2006
                                       Preface
Today's Army is challenged by a wide range of threats and operating environments. These
challenges, plus new technologies, require our leaders to use creative measures to provide
positive protection to our Soldiers and equipment.
In April 1998, Field Manual (FM) 100-14 introduced to the Army the first doctrinal
publication on risk management. It detailed the application of a step-by-step process to
conserve combat power and resources. This milestone manual outlined a framework that
leaders could use to make force protection a routine part of planning, preparing, and
executing operational, training, and garrison missions.
Before the outset of the global war on terrorism it became apparent that FM 100-14 would
require updating to meet the needs of the future. Army assessments also indicated that the
existing manual needed to be expanded to provide clear standards and guidance on how the
risk management process was to be applied. This led to this current revision. During
development of this revision the Army broadened its understanding of the risk management
process to encompass all operations and activities, on and off duty. This holistic approach
focuses on the composite risks from all sources rather than the traditional practice of
separating accident from tactical hazards and associated risks. This revision has been
refocused to clearly reflect the Army's new composite approach, and has been retitled
Composite Risk Management (CRM). CRM represents a culture change for the Army. It
departs from the past cookie cutter safety and risk management mentality through teaching
Soldiers "how to think" rather than telling them "what to think."
This manual expands the context of the original FM by focusing on the application of
composite risk management to the military decisionmaking process (MDMP) and the Army
training management system. It further assigns the responsibilities for conducting risk
management training during initial entry training and professional military education. It is a
tool that works in conjunction with the Army's on-going initiative to firmly attach CRM to
all Army processes.
It is a milestone document for the standardization and institutionalization of the techniques,
tools, and procedures that lead to sound decisionmaking and valid risk acceptance by
leaders at all levels. This revision is a full rewrite of FM 100-14. It marks a break with the
past by integrating the CRM process into Army operations. CRM is not a stand-alone
process, a "paper work" drill, or an add-on feature. Rather, it is used as a fully-integrated
element of detailed planning. It must be so integrated as to allow it to be executed
intuitively in situations that require immediate action. CRM should be viewed as part of the
military art interwoven throughout the Army's military decisionmaking and training
management cycles.



July 2006                                 FM 5-19                                            v
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