The Principles of Government – Florida TechNet

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American Government
                                                                     Unit 1



                                                                  The
                                                               Principles
                                                                   of
                                                              Government




Compare the structure and functions of government at all levels: national, state
(Florida), municipal and county

Benchmarks:

SS.C.1.4.1      understand the nature of political authority and the nature of the
relationships between government and civil society in limited governments (e.g.,
constitutional democracies) and unlimited governments (e.g., totalitarian regimes)

SS.C.1.4.2     understand the ides that led to the creation of limited government in the
United States (e.g., ideas of natural rights philosophy, and the concept of popular
sovereignty.

SS.C.1.4.3     understand how the overall design and specific features of the constitution
prevent the abuse of power by aggregating power at the national, state, and local levels;
dispersing power among different levels of government; and using a system of checks and
balances (e.g., federalism)




                                                                          Learning Activities
                                                                         Unit 1 - Page 1 of 7
American Government

Compare the structure and functions of government at all levels national,
state (Florida), municipal and county.

Read Chapter 1,"The Goals of Government. Use your own paper to
complete each assignment. Number each assignment by indicating the
page number in your text where it is found.

Assignments
           1.     Complete Review Activity A: "Building Your Political
                  Vocabulary" on page 9. Write only the answers.

            2.    Complete Review Activity B: "Applying What You Know" on
                  page 9. Write only the answers.

            3.    The Chapter Review on pages 16-17 is an excellent
                  summary of the chapter. Do Activity A "Completing the
                  Summary." Number your paper 1-17, and write the correct
                  answer for each blank next to the corresponding number.

            4.    Complete Activity B: "Making Comparisons". Number your
                  paper 1-15. Write the letter of each answer next to the
                  number.

            5.    Complete Activity B: "Word Pyramid." Each level of the
                  pyramid tells you what to do. For example, level 1 tells you
                  to define sovereignty and level 2 tells you to explain the
                  difference between politics and government. (page 6-8)

            6.    Describe the function of each level of government.

            National government: Read pages 51-54. Answer the question
            below.

                  A)     What is the relationship between the national
                         government and local governments?
                  B)     State government: Read pages 471-484. Answer the
                         questions below.
                         1) What is the function of state government?
                         2) In what way are state governments similar to the
                            U.S. Government (national)?
                  C)     Local governments: Read pages 498-500. Answer the
                         questions below.
                         1) Identify some of the different types of government.



                                                            Unit 1  Learning Activities
                                                                           Page 2 of 7
                       2) How are local governments similar to the U.S.
                          Government and state government? How are they
                          different?



   7. Identify major reasons why governments exist. Read pages 5-15; and
       answer the questions below.

         A)     Why are governments organized? Give three reasons.
         B)     What are six goals of the U.S. Government? Read the
                Preamble to the Constitution.

   8. Compare and contrast major types of governments. Read pages 39-57,
      and answer each question below.

         A) How does a democracy differ from an autocracy?
         B) How do "free" republics differ from "unfree" republics?
         C) What is a federalist system of government?


   9. Describe the major principles of democracy. Explain the meaning of
      each:

         A)     popular sovereignty
         B)     limited government
         C)     federalism
         D)     personal and political equality

10. Identify each:

                Autocracy                   Dictatorship
                Democracy                   Capitalism
                Totalitarian System         Communism
                Oligarchy                   Socialism
                Federal government


11. Review pages 55-57. Complete the worksheet "Analyzing A Diagram of
    a Political System. " found on page 6 of this unit.

12. Use your school media center, public library or home computer with
    Internet access to complete the following assignment on Political
    Theory.




                                                           Unit 1  Learning Activities
                                                                          Page 3 of 7
12. Continued

      Political Theory

       (1)   Identify the Political philosophy of each of the following political
             thinkers.

                    a.     John Locke
                    b.     Francois Voltaire
                    c.     Denis Dideot (1712-1784)
                    d.     Baron de Montesquieu (1689-1755)
                    e.     Adam Smith
                    f.     Jean Jacques Rousseau
                    g.     Thomas Jefferson
                    h.     Karl Marx
                    i.     Joseph Stalin
                    j.     Vladimir L. Lenin

       (2)   Define or identify the effect of each upon government. Tell
             what each is or discuss each.

                    k.     Revolution
                    l.     American Revolution
                    m.     The Albany Plan of Union
                    n.     The Articles of Confederation
                    o.     The Constitution of the United States

      (3)    Compare and/or contrast any three political theories from part (I).


13. Use your Library a resource. Research the Great Depression. Use other
    historical resources and your text to gain an understanding of the causes of
    the Great Depression. Answer the questions below.
                    1. Identify three causes of the Great Depression, Explain
                       how each was a cause. a-b-c-d

                    2. Explain the steps taken by President Herbert Hoover to
                       try to combat the Depression?
                             a. Reconstruction Finance Corporation
                             b. Unemployed
                             c. Federal Farm Bureau

14. Discuss the steps taken by President Franklin Roosevelt
    to combat the Great Depression.
                   a. Program of relief, recovery and reform
                   b. National "bank holiday"


                                                                Unit 1  Learning Activities
                                                                               Page 4 of 7
15. How did the Great Depression impact social reform in the United States?
    Briefly explain the following:
                     a.      Social Security Act of 1935, page 394-396.
                     b.      The Supreme Court and the National Recovery
                             act/Agricultural Adjustment Act page 340.
                     c.      FDIC

16. Internet/Library Assignment  Research Project
             1.     Choose any three and describe how each has impacted the
                    culture of the United States.
                    a.     Development of a system of railroads
                    b.     Internet
                    c.     Electronic Mail
                    d.     Telephone systems (traditional vs. cellular)
                    e.     Television (cable, satellite)
                    f.     Airplanes.


17. Read Chapter 12,"The Many Jobs of the President."
                               A) Do the review on page 267.
                               B) Do Activity A: Completing the Summary.
                                  (page 278)
                               C) Do Activity B Applying What You know.
                                  (page 279)




Turn in all completed work to your instructor.

Ask for Unit 1 Test.




                                                           Unit 1  Learning Activities
                                                                          Page 5 of 7
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