Chapter 1 Study Questions – Fashion Institute of Technology – Home

Text Preview:
SS141 Macro-Economics                                                                          Professor Patrick Yanez


                                      Study Questions  Chapter 1
These questions are to facilitate your discussion groups and/or tutoring sessions. Answers are listed at the end of this
file. Since our class time is limited to introducing new topics, we do not have time to review these questions in class;
please use your discussion group and/or tutoring session to review these questions.



      1. For economists, the word "utility" means:
         A) versatility and flexibility.
         B) rationality.
         C) pleasure and satisfaction.
         D) purposefulness.

      2. In economics, the pleasure, happiness, or satisfaction received from a product is called:
         A) marginal cost.
         B) rational outcome.
         C) status fulfillment.
         D) utility.

      3. According to economists, economic self-interest:
         A) is a reality that underlies economic behavior.
         B) has the same meaning as selfishness.
         C) is more characteristic of men than of women.
         D) is usually self-defeating.

      4. When entering a building, Sam diverts his path to go through an open door rather than
         make the physical effort to open the closed door that is directly in his path. This is an
         example of:
         A) irrational behavior.
         B) a lazy person.
         C) marginal benefit-marginal cost analysis.
         D) programmed learning.

      5. Economics may best be defined as the:
         A) interaction between macro and micro considerations.
         B) social science concerned with the efficient use of scarce resources to achieve
            maximum satisfaction of economic wants.
         C) empirical testing of value judgments through the use of logic.
         D) use of policy to refute facts and hypotheses.




                                                        Page 1
 6. The study of economics is primarily concerned with:
    A) keeping private businesses from losing money.
    B) demonstrating that capitalistic economies are superior to socialistic economies.
    C) choices that are made in seeking to use scarce resources efficiently.
    D) determining the most equitable distribution of society's output.

 7. The economic perspective refers to:
    A) macroeconomic phenomena, but not microeconomic phenomena.
    B) microeconomic phenomena, but not macroeconomic phenomena.
    C) the making of rational decisions in a context of marginal costs and marginal benefits.
    D) unlimited resources in a context of limited economic wants.

 8. The economic perspective entails:
    A) irrational behavior by individuals and institutions.
    B) a comparison of marginal benefits and marginal costs in decision making.
    C) short-term but not long-term thinking.
    D) rejection of the scientific method.

 9. Rational behavior suggests that:
    A) everyone will make identical choices.
    B) resource availability exceeds economic wants.
    C) individuals will make different choices because their preferences and circumstances
        differ.
    D) an individual's economic goals cannot involve tradeoffs.

10. Economics involves marginal analysis because:
    A) most decisions involve changes from the present situation.
    B) marginal benefits always exceed marginal costs.
    C) marginal costs always exceed marginal benefits.
    D) much economic behavior is irrational.

11. You should decide to go to a movie:
    A) if the marginal cost of the movie exceeds its marginal benefit.
    B) if the marginal benefit of the movie exceeds its marginal cost.
    C) if your income will allow you to buy a ticket.
    D) because movies are enjoyable.

12. The assertion that "There is no free lunch" means that:
    A) there are always tradeoffs between economic goals.
    B) all production involves the use of scarce resources and thus the sacrifice of
        alternative goods.
    C) marginal analysis is not used in economic reasoning.
    D) choices need not be made if behavior is rational.




                                          Page 2
13. Consumers spend their incomes to get the maximum benefit or satisfaction from the
    goods and services they purchase. This is a reflection of:
    A) resource scarcity and the necessity of choice.
    B) rational behavior.
    C) marginal costs that exceed marginal benefits.
    D) the tradeoff problem that exists between competing goals.

14. Even though local newspapers are very inexpensive, people rarely buy more than one of
    them each day. This fact:
    A) is an example of irrational behavior.
    B) implies that reading should be taught through phonics rather than the whole language
        method.
    C) contradicts the economic perspective.
    D) implies that, for most people, the marginal benefit of reading a second newspaper is
        less than the marginal cost.

15. Learning economics:
    A) is detrimental to good citizenship because economics emphasizes individualism.
    B) is helpful to employers, but not to workers and consumers.
    C) is important because economics is the science of earning money.
    D) helps students improve analytical skills that are in great demand in the workplace.

16. The study of economics:
    A) is similar to management, marketing, and finance since it emphasizes how to make
        money.
    B) is helpful to businesses, but not particularly helpful in making personal buying
        decisions.
    C) is mainly an academic, not a vocational subject.
    D) looks at the economy from the viewpoint of one's own pocketbook, not from the
        standpoint of society's interest.

17. An economic hypothesis:
    A) has the same meaning as an economic principal or economic law.
    B) is usually a normative statement.
    C) is a possible explanation of cause and effect.
    D) is a stronger generalization than an economic law.

18. Which of the following terms implies the least degree of confidence in an economic
    generalization?
    A) a hypothesis
    B) a theory
    C) a principle
    D) a law




                                         Page 3
19. Which of the following terms implies the greatest degree of confidence in an economic
    generalization?
    A) a hypothesis
    B) a theory
    C) a principle
    D) an anomaly

20. A well-tested economic theory is often called:
    A) a hypothesis.
    B) a prototype.
    C) a principle.
    D) an anomaly.

21. Economists:
    A) use both the economic perspective and the scientific method.
    B) use the economic perspective but not the scientific method.
    C) make positive economic statements, but not normative economic statements.
    D) reject theorizing as being impractical.

22. The scientific method is:
    A) not applicable to economics, because economics deals with human beings.
    B) also known as the economic perspective.
    C) analysis that moves from broad generalizations called laws to theories and then to
        hypotheses.
    D) used by economists and other social scientists, as well as by physical scientists and
        life scientists.

23. The process by which economists test hypotheses against facts to develop theories,
    principles, and models is called:
    A) the economic perspective.
    B) the scientific method.
    C) policy economics.
    D) microeconomics.

24. Economic theories:
    A) are useless because they are not based on laboratory experimentation.
    B) that are true for individual economic units are never true for the economy as a whole.
    C) are generalizations based on a careful observation of facts.
    D) are abstractions and therefore of no application to real situations.

25. Theoretical economics:
    A) is also known as policy economics.
    B) is the process of deriving principles of economics.
    C) is highly impractical since it does not deal with the real world.
    D) rejects the scientific method as being inappropriate for the social sciences.




                                          Page 4
26. In constructing models, economists:
    A) make simplifying assumptions.
    B) include all available information.
    C) must use mathematical equations.
    D) attempt to duplicate the real world.

27. Economic models:
    A) are of limited use because they cannot be tested empirically.
    B) are limited to variables that are directly related to one another.
    C) emphasize basic economic relationships by abstracting from the complexities of the
       real world.
    D) are unrealistic and therefore of no practical consequence.

28. The term "ceteris paribus" means:
    A) that if event A precedes event B, A has caused B.
    B) that economics deals with facts, not values.
    C) other things equal.
    D) prosperity inevitably follows recession.

29. The basic purpose of the other-things-equal assumption is to:
    A) allow one to reason about the relationship between variables X and Y without the
        intrusion of variable Z.
    B) allow one to focus upon micro variables by ignoring macro variables.
    C) allow one to focus upon macro variables by ignoring micro variables.
    D) determine whether X causes Y or vice versa.

30. Suppose an economist says that "Other things equal, the lower the price of bananas, the
    greater the amount of bananas purchased." This statement indicates that:
    A) the quantity of bananas purchased determines the price of bananas.
    B) all factors other than the price of bananas (for example, consumer tastes and incomes)
        are assumed to be constant.
    C) economists can conduct controlled laboratory experiments.
    D) one cannot generalize about the relationship between the price of bananas and the
        quantity purchased.




                                          Page 5
Download Link:
Share Link: Forum Link:

More on Uncategorized

  • Picture: The Importance of Family - Wake County Public School System

    The Importance of Family – Wake County Public School System

    File Size: 2,931.91 KB, Pages: 20, Views: 3,946 views

    T h e Lite r acy Co nn ection a t H om e P ro ject E n lig h te nme nt Wake Cou nty Pu b lic Sch o o l System The Im portance of Fam i l y Family involvement …
  • Picture: Or A Testimony of Radical, Faithful Simplicity for the

    Or A Testimony of Radical, Faithful Simplicity for the

    File Size: 120.14 KB, Pages: 18, Views: 3,115 views

    Illinois Yearly Meeting Plenary Thursday, June 18, 2009 Hollister Knowlton, clerk, Quaker Earthcare Witness Quaker Earthcare Witness and the Testimony of Simplicity Or A Testimony of Radical, Faithful Simplicity for the Sake of the Earth and all its species. First, I want to say how …
  • Picture: History of east Asia - Porterville College

    History of east Asia – Porterville College

    File Size: 242.02 KB, Pages: 6, Views: 2,413 views

    History of east Asia HIST P121 Tue/Thur 2:25 PM in SM 102 Porterville College Jeff Keele, Ph.D. Fall 2011 jkeele@PortervilleCollege.edu 559-791-2342 Office Hours in SM 113D Fall 2011 Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday AM 11:05-12:00 11:05-12:00 PM 1:15-2:10 1:15-2:10 4:15-5:15 If you need special accommodations …
  • Picture: Invitation to a Successful FP Rel - Sound Financial Planning, Inc.

    Invitation to a Successful FP Rel – Sound Financial Planning, Inc.

    File Size: 83.25 KB, Pages: 15, Views: 2,387 views

    AN INVITATION TO A SUCCESSFUL FINANCIAL PLANNING RELATIONSHIP WITH SOUND FINANCIAL PLANNING, INC. WE ASSIST OUR CLIENTS IN ACHIEVING THEIR LIFE DREAMS WITH COMPREHENSIVE FINANCIAL PLANNING SERVICES THAT CREATE PEACE OF MIND NOW AND A ROAD MAP FOR THE FUTURE. Welcome to Sound Financial Planning! …
  • Picture: Environmental Science : Toward a Sustainable Future - Bethel

    Environmental Science : Toward a Sustainable Future – Bethel

    File Size: 1,495.50 KB, Pages: 10, Views: 2,395 views

    Factors That Contribute to Ecosystem Change Environmental Science: Toward a Dynamics of natural populations Sustainable Future Mechanisms of population equilibrium Richard T. Wright Mechanisms of species adaptation Chapter 4 Ecosystem response to disturbance Lessons to learn Ecosystems: How They Change PPT by Clark E. Adams …

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *