Competency Based Education and Content Standards

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Competency Based Education
                 and
          Content Standards




                  Definitions
                 Components
                Characteristics
Integrating Competencies and Content Standards
             Mapping Competencies
                  Resources




                         June 2006

                 Kathleen Santopietro Weddel
          Northern Colorado Literacy Resource Center
                   nclrc@stvrain.k12.co.us
            Definitions of Competency Based Education


 Competency Based Education focuses on outcomes of learning. CBE
 addresses what the learners are expected to do rather than on what they are
 expected to learn about. CBE emerged in the United States in the 1970s
 and refers to an educational movement that advocates defining educational
 goals in terms of precise measurable descriptions of knowledge, skills, and
 behaviors students should possess at the end of a course of study.
     Richards and Rodgers


 Competency Based Education is outcome based instruction and is adaptive
 to the changing needs of students, teachers, and the community.
 Competencies describe the student's ability to apply basic and other skills
 in situations that are commonly encountered in everyday life. Thus CBE is
 based on a set of outcomes that are derived from an analysis of tasks
 typically required of students in life role situations.
      Schenck


 Competency Based Education is a functional approach to education that
 emphasizes life skills and evaluates mastery of those skills according to
 actual leaner performance. It was defined by the U.S. Office of Education as
 a "performance-based process leading to demonstrated mastery of basic and
 life skills necessary for the individual to function proficiently in society"
 (U.S. Office of Education, 1978).
      Savage


 Competencies consist of a description of the essential skills, knowledge,
 attitudes, and behaviors required for effective performance of a real-world
 task or activity. These activities may be related to any domain of life,
 though have typically been linked to the field of work and to social survival
 in a new environment.
      Mrowicki


 Competencies are essential skills that adults need to be successful members
 of families, the community, and the workplace.
      CASAS




                                                                                 2
                Competency Based Education (CBE)




                           Assess
                         Participant
                           Needs




         Evaluate                         Select
        Competency                     Competencies
        Attainment




                          Target
                        Instruction




CASAS IT 2005

                                                      3
                Competency Based Education Programs


          1. Specific, measurable competency statements

          2. Content based on learner goals (outcomes/competencies)

          3. Learner continues in program until demonstrating mastery

          4. Use a variety of instructional techniques and group activities

          5. Focus on what the learner needs to learn, which is the application
             of basic skills in a life skills context

          6. Use texts, media, and real life materials geared to targeted
             competencies

          7. Provide learners with immediate feedback on assessment
             performance

          8. Pace instruction to learner needs

          9. Have learner demonstrate mastery of specified competency
             statements




CASAS IT 2005


                                                                              4
Are you implementing Competency Based Education in your program?
If yes, how?




What are the benefits of Competency Based Education for adult learners?




What are some issues or problems surrounding CBE in adult education
programs?




 Resources

 Mrowicki, L. 1986 Project Work English Competency-Based Curriculum.
 Portland, OR: Northwest Educational Cooperative. Page 144  Approaches
 and Methods in Language Teaching

 Richards, J and Rodgers, T. 2001 Approaches and Methods in Language
 Teaching. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

 Savage, L. 1993 Literacy Through a Competency-Based Education Approach,
 Page 15 --Approaches to Adult ESL Literacy Instruction. Washington DC:
 Center for Applied Linguistics.

 Schneck, E.A. 1978. A Guide to Identifying High School Graduation
 Competencies. Portland, OR: Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory.
 Page 141-- Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching




                                                                           5
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