AP U.S. Government & Politics Practice Exam

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AP U.S. Government &
           Politics Practice Exam

                Section I (Multiple-Choice Questions)
                          Time--45 minutes
                             60 Questions

Directions: There are five possible answer choices for each question or
incomplete statement. Choose the one answer choice that best answers
the question or completes the statement.


1. Until the Constitution was ratified, the document that established and
    defined the government of the United States was the
    A. Declaration of Independence
    B. Bill of Rights
    C. Mayflower Compact
    D. Articles of Confederation
    E. Treaty of Friendship and Unity
2                             AP U.S. Government & Politics


2. Which of the following statements is NOT true of the Supreme
    Court's decision in McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)?
    A. It held that state governments could pass a law negating a fed-
         eral law within their boundaries if they believed the federal law
         was unconstitutional.
    B. It confirmed the supremacy of the federal government over
         state governments.
    C. It determined that states could not levy taxes on federal gov-
         ernment operations.
    D. It interpreted the "necessary and proper" powers clause of the
         Constitution to mean that the federal government has implied
         powers not specifically stated in the Constitution.
    E. It upheld the constitutionality of the national bank established
         by the federal government.

3. Which of the following is a clause of the Constitution that gives the
    federal government broad powers in many policy areas?
    A. Interstate Commerce Clause
    B. Tenth Amendment
    C. Free-Exercise Clause
    D. Establishment Clause
    E. Fiscal Federalism Clause
             AP U.S. Government & Politics Practice Exam                3

4. While the practice of separate schools for black and white students
    was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in Brown v.
    Board of Education (1954), segregation in restaurants, stores, hotels,
    and other public accommodations remained legal until
    A. the Supreme Court's decision in Loving v. Virginia (1967)
    B. the ratification of the Twenty-Fourth Amendment (1964)
    C. the passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
    D. state legislatures eventually changed the laws permitting
         segregation
    E. President Lyndon Johnson issued an executive order ending all
         segregation by race

5. Which is a reason the power of the two major parties is in decline in
    the United States?
    A. The number of people voting for third parties has risen sharply.
    B. In most states, parties no longer select the candidates for the
         general election.
    C. Parties no longer have state and local organizations.
    D. Parties no longer conduct get-out-the-vote drives.
    E. Candidates now raise most of their campaign funds themselves
         and do not heavily rely on funds from their party.

6. The Supreme Court's power of judicial review was established by
    A. the Bill of Rights
    B. the Constitution
    C. the Court's decision in Griswold v. Connecticut
    D. the Court's decision in Marbury v. Madison
    E. the Court's decision in Gibbons v. Ogden
4                             AP U.S. Government & Politics


7. Which one of the following groups is MOST likely to participate in
    an election?
    A. African Americans
    B. people with college degrees
    C. Hispanic voters
    D. people under age 35
    E. people in households with below-average income

8. A filibuster occurs when
    A. a majority of either the House of Representatives or the Senate
         support a bill but cannot get the two-thirds majority needed for
         cloture to end debate and vote
    B. the Senate and House cannot agree on final language for legis-
         lation both houses have passed in different versions, and debate
         continues endlessly
    C. the president announces he will veto a bill, but a group of sena-
         tors keep the bill alive by continuing to debate it
    D. a senator or small group of senators want to draw public atten-
         tion to bill so it will gain support and pass
    E. a majority the Senate supports a bill, but the majority is not
         large enough to produce the 60 votes needed to end debate on
         the bill in the Senate
              AP U.S. Government & Politics Practice Exam                  5

9. Which of the following actions of the president has no basis in the
    Constitution?
    A. issuing executive orders
    B. serving as leader of his political party
    C. stationing U.S. troops at bases abroad
    D. negotiating free trade agreements with other countries
    E. proposing legislation to Congress

            Federal Jobs Held by African Americans,
                     Women, and Hispanics
                              African          Women          Hispanics
                             Americans
                            1982    2002    1982    2002     1982   2002
    Lowest Ranking Jobs
                            23%     28%      78%     69%     5%     8%
    (GS 1-4)
    Highest Ranking Jobs
                             5%     10%      5%      32%     2%     4%
    (GS13-15)
   Source: U.S. Government, Office of Personnel Management

10. Which of the following statements is NOT supported by the data in
    the table above?
    A. While women held more of the higher-level federal jobs in
         2002 than in 1982, the share of the lower-level jobs held by
         women actually declined.
    B. Between 1982 and 2002, women have made more progress
         than blacks and Hispanics in increasing the number of higher-
         level jobs they hold in government.
    C. Both Hispanics and African Americans doubled their share
         of higher-level jobs in the federal government between 1982
         and 2002.
    D. The share of federal jobs at both the highest and lowest levels
         held by African Americans and Hispanics has increased between
         1982 and 2002.
    E. The percentage of federal jobs held by women increased be-
         tween 1982 and 2002.
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