REGENTS EXAM IN U.S. HISTORY AND GOVERNMENT
The University of the State of New York
REGENTS HIGH SCHOOL EXAMINATION
UNITED STATES HISTORY
Tuesday, August 17, 2010 -- 12:30 to 3:30 p.m., only
Student Name ______________________________________________________________
School Name _______________________________________________________________
Print your name and the name of your school on the lines above. Then turn to the last
page of this booklet, which is the answer sheet for Part I. Fold the last page along the
perforations and, slowly and carefully, tear off the answer sheet. Then fill in the heading of
your answer sheet. Now print your name and the name of your school in the heading of
each page of your essay booklet.
This examination has three parts. You are to answer all questions in all parts. Use black
or dark-blue ink to write your answers.
Part I contains 50 multiple-choice questions. Record your answers to these questions
on the separate answer sheet.
Part II contains one thematic essay question. Write your answer to this question in
the essay booklet, beginning on page 1.
Part III is based on several documents:
Part III A contains the documents. Each document is followed by one or more
questions. In the test booklet, write your answer to each question on the lines
following that question. Be sure to enter your name and the name of your school on
the first page of this section.
Part III B contains one essay question based on the documents. Write your
answer to this question in the essay booklet, beginning on page 7.
When you have completed the examination, you must sign the statement printed on
the Part I answer sheet, indicating that you had no unlawful knowledge of the questions or
answers prior to the examination and that you have neither given nor received assistance in
answering any of the questions during the examination. Your answer sheet cannot be
accepted if you fail to sign this declaration.
The use of any communications device is strictly prohibited when taking this
examination. If you use any communications device, no matter how briefly, your
examination will be invalidated and no score will be calculated for you.
DO NOT OPEN THIS EXAMINATION BOOKLET UNTIL THE SIGNAL IS GIVEN.
REGENTS EXAM IN U.S. HISTORY AND GOVERNMENT
Answer all questions in this part.
Directions (150): For each statement or question, write on the separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.
1 The presence of which pair of geographic 5 Shays' Rebellion of 1786 was significant because it
conditions discouraged the development of a (1) showed that the English still had influence
plantation economy in the New England after the American Revolution
colonies? (2) convinced many Americans of the need for a
(1) wide coastal plain and absence of good harbors stronger national government
(2) rocky soil and short growing season (3) revealed the increased threat from rebellious
(3) numerous rivers and humid climate Native American Indians
(4) flatlands and lack of forests (4) endangered the lives of many recent
2 What was the main cause of the French and
Indian War (17541763)? 6 The Great Compromise reached at the
(1) disputed land claims in the Ohio River valley Constitutional Convention resulted in the
between the French and the British (1) formation of the Supreme Court
(2) conflicts between American colonists and the (2) creation of a bicameral legislature
French over control of the Great Plains (3) development of a two-party system
(3) taxation of American colonists without (4) ban on the importation of enslaved Africans
representation in Parliament
(4) violation of trade agreements between 7 Building support for the ratification of the United
European nations and Native American States Constitution was the purpose of the
(1) Farewell Address of George Washington
(2) Albany Plan of Union
3 The British government's use of writs of
(3) Mayflower Compact
assistance against American merchants is one
(4) Federalist Papers
reason the Bill of Rights includes protection
8 Federalism is best defined as a principle of
(1) cruel and unusual punishment
(3) excessive bail (1) divides power between the central government
and state governments
(4) unreasonable search and seizure
(2) includes a system of checks and balances
(3) allows the states to nullify national laws
4 ". . . Every thing that is right or reasonable pleads
(4) places the most power in the hands of the
for separation. The blood of the slain, the
weeping voice of nature cries, 'TIS TIME TO
PART. . . ."
-- Thomas Paine, Common Sense 9 "All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the
House of Representatives; . . ."
In this quotation, Thomas Paine is trying to -- Article 1, Section 7, United States Constitution
convince the colonists to
The main reason the writers of the Constitution
(1) accept the Proclamation of 1763
included this provision was to
(2) break a treaty with Spain
(3) declare their independence from England (1) give citizens more influence over taxation issues
(4) dissolve their alliance with France (2) assure that all citizens would pay taxes
(3) deny presidents the power to veto revenue bills
(4) provide the government with a balanced
U.S. Hist. & Gov't.Aug. '10 
10 The United States Constitution grants the Senate 15 "Compromise Enables Maine and Missouri to Enter
the power to the Union"
(1) impeach governors "California Joins the Union As Part of Compromise
(2) issue pardons of 1850"
(3) appoint ambassadors "Kansas-Nebraska Act Establishes Popular
(4) approve treaties Sovereignty in the Territories"
Which issue is most closely associated with these
11 Which statement about the electoral college headlines?
system is accurate?
(1) status of slavery in new states
(1) The number of electoral votes a state receives
(2) negotiation of the Oregon Treaty
is based on its geographic size.
(3) expansion of land for reservations
(2) A candidate can be elected president without
(4) influence of political parties on economic
the majority of the popular vote.
(3) Presidential candidates are forced to
campaign equally in every state.
(4) The total number of electoral votes has 16 During the 1850s, Irish immigrants were often
increased with each census. discriminated against because they
(1) refused to participate in local politics
12 President George Washington set a precedent for (2) displaced slave labor in the South
all future presidents by (3) arrived in the United States with great wealth
(1) appointing a career soldier to be Secretary of (4) practiced the Roman Catholic religion
(2) choosing a friend to be Chief Justice of the 17 In his first inaugural address, President Abraham
Supreme Court Lincoln stated his main goal for the nation was to
(3) campaigning actively for the office (1) use the vote to resolve the conflict over slavery
(4) creating a cabinet of advisors (2) free all slaves in the United States
(3) uphold the Dred Scott decision
13 A major reason President Thomas Jefferson (4) preserve the Union
authorized the Lewis and Clark expedition was to
(1) claim California for the United States 18 Poll taxes, literacy tests, and grandfather clauses
(2) explore a route to the Pacific Ocean were adopted in Southern States primarily to
(3) remove British outposts from United States (1) enforce the terms of the 15th amendment
land (2) keep African Americans from exercising their
(4) establish settlements in the Southwest right to vote
(3) stop criminals and immigrants from voting
14 Starting with the election of President Andrew (4) eliminate bribery and corruption at polling
Jackson (1828), voter participation increased due places
(1) passage of an amendment ending religious 19 During the late 1800s, major improvements to a
qualifications for voting nationwide system of trade were made with the
(2) extension of suffrage to Native American (1) construction of a network of canals
Indians (2) use of steamboats on rivers
(3) end of property requirements for voting by (3) completion of transcontinental railroads
many states (4) construction of toll roads
(4) arrival of more immigrants from nations with
U.S. Hist. & Gov't.Aug. '10  [OVER]
Base your answer to question 20 on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.
Source: Udo J. Keppler, Puck, September 7, 1904 (adapted)
20 The principal message of the cartoon is that the Standard Oil Company
(1) used its size to lower the prices of its products
(2) protected the nation from foreign competition
(3) used its economic power to influence government decisions
(4) employed violence to gain an unfair advantage for its workers
21 Jacob Riis, Ida Tarbell, and Margaret Sanger are 24 In the early 20th century, what was the primary
best known for their efforts to cause of the large-scale migration of African
(1) create awareness about social problems Americans out of the rural South?
(2) gain support for the women's movement (1) supply of new housing in the suburbs
(3) expand the rights of Native American Indians (2) opportunities for jobs in northern factories
(4) win equal treatment for African Americans (3) availability of cheap land on the frontier
(4) absence of racial discrimination in northern
22 The Progressive movement supported the idea states
that the federal government should
(1) regulate big business 25 The conflict between science and religion in the
(2) reduce immigration 1920s was most clearly shown in the
(3) build an overseas empire (1) trial of John Scopes
(4) reduce the number of farms (2) arrest of Sacco and Vanzetti
(3) nativist reactions to immigration
23 Which event most influenced President Woodrow (4) poetry of the Harlem Renaissance
Wilson's decision to enter World War I?
(1) defeat of Russia by Germany 26 One of the major causes of the stock market crash
(2) assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of 1929 was
(3) raids by Mexico on the southwestern United (1) excessive buying of stocks on margin
States (2) overconsumption of goods and services
(4) renewal of unrestricted submarine warfare by (3) failure of international banking systems
Germany (4) low prices of stocks and bonds
U.S. Hist. & Gov't.Aug. '10 
27 Which action did President Franklin D. 30 Many of the songs, movies, and books of the
Roosevelt take that helped organized labor gain 1930s are similar in that they
strength during the New Deal? (1) romanticized urban life
(1) requiring the American Federation of Labor (2) relived the bad times of the past
to admit skilled workers (3) helped people escape from the realities of
(2) allowing women to work in government everyday life
agencies (4) pointed out the mistakes that led to the Great
(3) signing the National Labor Relations Act Depression
(4) selecting John L. Lewis as his Secretary of Labor 31 What was a major result of the Servicemen's
Readjustment Act of 1944 (GI Bill)?
Base your answers to questions 28 and 29 on the
(1) Millions of veterans received a college
cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.
(2) Women kept their factory jobs after World
(3) Jobs were created by the Manhattan Project.
(4) Veterans were exempted from gasoline
32 President Harry Truman changed the United
States military after World War II by
(1) allowing women to serve in combat roles
(2) establishing an all-volunteer army
(3) banning racial segregation in the military
(4) withdrawing all military forces from Europe
33 The United States committed to a Cold War
policy of mutual defense when it
(1) aided the Nationalists in China
(2) established the Eisenhower Doctrine
(3) joined the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
Source: Dr. Seuss, PM, May 22, 1941
(4) rejected United Nations efforts to halt the
28 Which nations are represented by the two birds development of atomic weapons
in this cartoon?
(1) Soviet Union and Great Britain 34 Controversies involving Alger Hiss and Julius and
(2) United States and Soviet Union Ethel Rosenberg reflected the postWorld War II
(3) Germany and Great Britain concern over
(4) United States and Germany (1) testing nuclear missiles
(2) joining the United Nations
29 Which statement most accurately expresses the (3) placing weapons in outer space
point of view of the cartoonist? (4) spying by communists in the United States
(1) Isolationism is the safest policy for these
countries to follow. 35 Which development resulted from the
(2) The United States is ignoring the threat construction of the interstate highway system?
caused by foreign aggression.
(1) increased suburbanization
(3) Trade restrictions are more of a threat than
(2) reduced air pollution
(3) decreased fuel consumption
(4) England can defend itself against Axis
aggression. (4) growth of long-distance passenger train service
U.S. Hist. & Gov't.Aug. '10  [OVER]
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