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AP Human Geography
Syllabus 4
Course Units
The curriculum for this two-semester AP Human Geography course                C1--The course provides a
                                                                               systematic study of human
consists of topics drawn from seven interrelated units of study outlined in    geography including the
the AP Human Geography Course Description booklet published by the             following topics outlined in the
                                                                               AP Human Geography Course
College Board.                                                          [C1]   Description:

                                                                               Nature of and Perspectives on
1.     Geography: Its Nature and Perspectives
2.     Population Geography                                                             Geography
3.     Cultural Patterns and Processes
4.     Political Organization of Space
5.     Economic Development                                                             Cultural Patterns and
6.     Agriculture and Rural Land Use                                                    Processes

7.     Industrialization                                                                Political Organization
8.     Settlement and Services                                                           of Space
9.     Cities and Urban Land Use                                                        Agricultural and
10.    Resource Management                                                               Rural Land Use
11.    Careers in Geography
                                                                                        Industrialization and
Textbooks:    Rubenstein, James M. 8th edition, The Cultural Landscape: An               Development
              Introduction to Human Geography, Upper Saddle River, N.J.:
              Pearson Education, Inc., 2005.

              Kuby, Michael, John Harner, and Patricia Gober. 4th Edition,
              Human Geography in Action, New York: John Wiley, Inc.,

Daily Assignments
For each unit, students receive an assignment sheet. The length of the
assignment varies on a day-to-day basis, but students can expect to have
some form of homework, most often reading, every evening.


The assessment of students' performance is based on tests, quizzes, short
papers, essays, class projects, and daily participation.
First Semester: Cultural Geography
Extended Term Project: Collect two current events articles related to human          C2--The course
geography from a national newspaper or news magazine each week.                      teaches the use of
                                                                                     spatial concepts and
Summarize the articles and apply key spatial concepts of human geography             landscape analysis to
to analyze the significance of each event.                                   [C2]    examine human
                                                                                     organization of
Correct citations are required. Over the course of the semester,                     space.
articles that illustrate key spatial concepts operating at different scales
should be selected.                                                         [C3]

                                                                                     C3--The course
I.     Geography: Its Nature and Perspectives (2 weeks)                              teaches spatial
                                                                                     relationships at
       A.        Thinking about Space                                                different scales
       B.        Thinking about Place                                                ranging from the
                                                                                     local to the global.
       C.        Thinking about Region
       D.        Thinking about Scale                                         [C3]
       E.        Thinking about Connections

       Required Reading
                Rubenstein, Chapter 1: "Thinking Geographically"
                Kuby, Chapter 1: "True Maps, False Impressions"

II.    Population Geography (6 weeks)
       A.        Where the World's Population Is Distributed
       B.        Where the World's Population Has Increased
       C.        Population Is Increasing at Different Rates in Different
       D.        Demographic Transition Model                               [C4]
       E.        The World Might Face an Overpopulation Problem
                                                                                     C4--The course
       F.        Why People Migrate                                                  teaches students
       G.        Distribution of Migrants                                            how to use and
                                                                                     interpret maps, data
       H.        Obstacles Faced by Migrants                                         sets, and geographic
       I.        People Migrate Within a County                                      models. GIS, aerial
                                                                                     photographs, and
                                                                                     satellite images,
       Required Reading and Activities                                               though not required,
                                                                                     can be used
                 Rubenstein, Chapters 2 and 3: "Population" and "Migration"         effectively in the
                 Kuby, Chapters 3, 4, and 5: "Tracking the AIDS Epidemic in         course.

                   the United States: Diffusion Through Space and Time";
                   "Newton's First Law of Migration:The Gravity Model"; [C4]
                   and "One Billion and Counting" The Hidden Momentum of
                   Population Growth in India"
                 PRB Web site: "Making Population Real: New Lesson Plans and
                   Classroom Activities" [http://prb.org/Educators/]
       Obituary Activity:
       Using obituaries from the local newspaper, have students plot on a
                                                                                      C4--The course
       map where people were born and where they died.                        [C4]    teaches students
       Have them use the following key to sort data according when people             how to use and
                                                                                      interpret maps, data
       were born: Before 1920, 19201945, 19461965, 1966 to present. Draw            sets, and geographic
       lines, using the color for the birth year, from places of birth to the local   models. GIS, aerial
                                                                                      photographs, and
       region. Have students analyze the patterns and relate them to                  satellite images,
       migration trends.                                                      [C4]    though not required,
                                                                                      can be used
       (For example, most people born before 1920 came to Oregon from the             effectively in the
       Midwest while more people who were born from 1966 to the present               course.
       came from Latin America and Asia.)

Helpful reading for teacher: Bailey, Adrian, Making Population
       Geography. London: Hodder & Stoughton Educational, 2005.

III.   Cultural Patterns and Processes (9 Weeks)
       A.     Folk and Pop Culture
                                                                                      C2--The course
              1. Where Folk and Popular Cultures Originate and Diffuse                teaches the use of
              2. Folk and Popular Culture and the Cultural Landscape [C2]             spatial concepts and
                                                                                      landscape analysis to
              3. Folk Culture Is Clustered                                            examine human
              4. Popular Culture Is Widely Distributed                                organization of
              5. Globalization of Popular Culture Causes Problems

       Required Reading and Activities
              -Rubenstein, Chapter 4: "Folk and Popular Culture"
              -Kuby, Chapter 2: "Layers of Tradition: Culture Regions at              C3--The course
                                                                                      teaches spatial
                                                 Different Scales"    [C3]            relationships at
              -Larmer, Brook, "Latino America," Newsweek (July 12, 1999):             different scales
                                                                                      ranging from the
       pp. 4851.                                                                     local to the global.
              -Leland, John and Veronica Chambers, "Generation ,"
              Newsweek (July 12, 1999): pp. 5358.
              -Haubergger, Christy, "The Legacy of Generation ,"
       Newsweek (July       12, 1999): p. 61.

       B.     Language
              1.    Where English Language Speakers Are Distributed
              2.    Indo-European Languages
              3.    Where Other Language Families Are Distributed
              4.    People Preserve Local Languages
       Required Reading
              -Rubenstein, Chapter 5: "Language"

       C.     Religion
              1.     Universalizing and Ethnic Religions
              2.     Origin and Diffusion of Religions
              3.     Religions Organize Space
               4.      Territorial Conflicts Arise Among Religious Groups
      Required Reading
                   Rubenstein, Chapter 6: "Religion"
                   Szulc, Tad, "Abraham: Journey of Faith," National
                    Geographic (December, 2001): pp. 90129.
                   "Islam: An Introduction", A special pull-out section, Saudi
                    Aramco World (January/February 2002).
                   El-Moslimany, Samia, interviewer, "Welcoming God's
                    Guests," Saudi Aramco World (May/June 2002): pp. 829.

      D.       Ethnicity
               1.     Distribution of Ethnicities
               2.     Why Some Ethnicities Have Been Transformed into
               3.     The Clash of Ethnicities
      Required Reading
                   Rubenstein, Chapter 7: "Ethnicity"
                   Kuby, Chapter 12: "Do Orange and Green Clash?
                    Residential Segregation in Northern Ireland"
                   individual articles from Refugees magazine, published by
                    the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR), online at

Second Semester: Political and Economic
Term Paper Required. Topic must relate to a key
concept of Human Geography
IV.   Political Geography (3 weeks)
      A.       The Difference Between a State and a Nation
      B.       Boundaries
      C.       Boundary Problems
      D.       Cooperation Between States
      E.       A Look at Terrorism

      Required Reading and Activities
              Rubenstein, Chapter 8: "Political Geography"
              Kuby, Chapter 13: "Breaking Up Is Hard to Do: Nations, States,
               and Nation-States"
      Helpful reading for teacher
              M. Jones, R. Jones, and M. Woods, An Introduction to Political
               Geography (London and New York: Routledge, 2004).

V.    Development (3 Weeks)
      A.       Economic, Social, and Demographic Indicators                 [C4]   C4--The course
                                                                                   teaches students
      B.       More Developed Regions versus Less Developed Regions                how to use and
      C.       Obstacles to Development                                            interpret maps, data
                                                                                   sets, and geographic
                                                                                   models. GIS, aerial
      Required Reading and Activities                                              photographs, and
                                                                                   satellite images,
              Rubenstein, Chapter 9: "Development"                                though not required,
              Kuby, Chapter 7: "Rags and Riches: The Dimensions of                can be used
                                                                                   effectively in the
               Development"                                                        course.

              Friedman, Thomas L., The World is Flat [Updated and
               Expanded]:A Brief History of the Twenty-First Century. New
               York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2006, Chapters 1 and 2 are

VI.   Agriculture and Rural Land Use (3 weeks)
      A.       Agricultural Hearths
      B.       Classification of Agricultural Regions
      C.       Agriculture in Less Developed Countries
      D.       Agriculture in More Developed Countries
      E.       Economic Issues Involving Agriculture
      F.       Rural Land Use
      G.       Rural Landscape Analysis                                   [C2]

      Lecture Notes: "Geography of Modern Agriculture" from David A.               C2--The course
      Lanegran, Macalester College, St. Paul Minnesota, 2005.                      teaches the use of
                                                                                   spatial concepts
      http://www.macalester.edu/geography/courses/geog111/Lanegran/m               and landscape
      odern_ag.pdf                                                                 analysis to
                                                                                   examine human
                                                                                   organization of
      Required Reading and Activities                                              space.

              Rubenstein, Chapter 10: "Agriculture"
              Kuby, Chapter 8: "Food for Thought: The Globalization of

                                                                                   C4--The course
      Rural Land Use Project: This project requires fieldwork.                     teaches students
      Groups of students are assigned different sections of the school             how to use and
                                                                                   interpret maps, data
      district to explore, observe, and collect data.                  [C2]
                                                                                   sets, and geographic
      They then analyze the data they collected and give presentations.            models. GIS, aerial
                                                                                   photographs, and
      The presentations must include a map of their area. This can be a            satellite images,
      hand drawn map, an aerial photo with explanation, or a GIS                   though not required,
      generated map. They must apply the principles of Von Thnen's                 can be used
                                                                                   effectively in the
      Model in their analysis.                                       [C4]          course.
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