Life Science Work Packet

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Sonoma Valley Adult School 
 
 
 

Life Science  Work Packet 
 

Chapter 1  The Study of Life 
 
 
 
 
Chapter Resources can be found at: 
 
 http://sonomavalleyadultschool.org/students/course materials/biology/chapter1 
Name                                                                                         Date

The Study of Life
Section 1.1 Introduction to Biology                   Biology/Life Sciences 6.a Students know biodiversity is the sum total
                                                      of different kinds of organisms and is affected by alterations of habitats.
                                                      Also covers: Biology/Life Sciences 1.c, 1.f, 5.c, 6.f, 6.g, 9.g
    Main Idea                   Details

                           Skim Section 1 of the chapter. Write three questions that come to
                           mind from reading the headings and illustration captions.
                           1. Accept all reasonable responses.
                           2.
                           3.

             Review
             Vocabulary         Use your book or dictionary to define environment.
            environment    living and nonliving things that surround an organism and with

                           which the organism interacts

             New
             Vocabulary         Use your book or dictionary to help you write the correct
                                vocabulary term in each blank.
             adaptation            Biology      is the science of life. A(n)                      organism                is




                                                                                                                                    Copyright  Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
                           anything that has all the characteristics of life. All living things are
                 biology
                           arranged in an orderly way. In other words, living things have
            development     organization . Most living things begin as one cell. The addition

                           of mass is called        growth            . Over an organism's life, natural
                 growth
                           changes, called development , take place. The production of
            homeostasis
                           offspring, or reproduction , must occur to enable the group of
               organism    breeding organisms, or            species              , to continue to exist. A living
                           thing also has the ability to react to a(n)                       stimulus                from its
            organization
                           internal or external environment. The reaction is called a
            reproduction        response     . An organism must be able to maintain its internal
                           conditions. If anything upsets its normal state, processes to restore
                response
                            homeostasis begin. Any inherited characteristic, or                                     adaptation ,
                 species
                           developed in a species over time can enhance the species' ability to

                stimulus   survive and produce offspring in its environment.


2    The Study of Life
                                                                                 Name                                                                     Date

                                                                                 Section 1.1 Introduction to Biology       (continued)


                                                                                  Main Idea                   Details

                                                                                        The Science         Identify four kinds of information you will learn about living things
                                                                                             of Life        when you study biology.
                                                                                 I found this information    the origins and history of               the structures of living
                                                                                 on page                .    life and once-living things              things
                                                                                                SE, p. 4
                                                                                                RE, p. 1



                                                                                                                                    The Study of Biology



                                                                                                             how living things interact               how living things function
                                                                                                             with each other




                                                                                           What Do          Model one specific question that a biologist might seek to answer for
                                                                                     Biologists Do?         each of the following areas of study. Accept all reasonable responses.
Copyright  Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.




                                                                                 I found this information
                                                                                                            Area of Study                              Question
                                                                                 on page                .
                                                                                             SE, pp. 56    Diversity of life        How do chimpanzees in the wild gather
                                                                                                                                     food?
                                                                                                RE, p. 1
                                                                                                            Diseases                 Why does the flu virus change every year?


                                                                                                            New technologies         Can a computer-controlled brace enable
                                                                                                                                     paralysis victims to walk?

                                                                                                            Agriculture              Can crop rotation increase the output of
                                                                                                                                     wheat in Nigeria?

                                                                                                            Environment              Can environmental education in the Amazon
                                                                                                                                     slow the loss of rain forest?


                                                                                                            Analyze the specific type of work in biology that you might like to do,
                                                                                                            and explain why. Accept all reasonable responses.

                                                                                                            Type of work: Observe the behavior of birds in the wild

                                                                                                            Reason: I am fascinated by the beauty of birds and the ability of
                                                                                                            these fragile-looking creatures to fly.

                                                                                                                                                              The Study of Life     3
Name                                                                              Date

Section 1.1 Introduction to Biology              (continued)


    Main Idea                      Details

                 The            Identify the eight characteristics that something must have to
      Characteristics           be alive.
              of Life
I found this information                                           displays
on page                .                                         organization
                                    made of one or more                             grows and develops
              SE, pp. 610                 cells
               RE, pp. 23
                                   adaptations evolve           Characteristics           reproduces
                                       over time               of Living Things


                                    maintains homeosta-                             responds to stimuli
                                            sis
                                                               requires energy




                                Sequence the levels of organization listed below in the correct order
                                from least complex to most complex.
                                       organ         atoms and molecules




                                                                                                             Copyright  Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
                                       cell          organ system
                                       tissue
                                                                                    organ system

                                                                                organ

                                                                    tissue                           more
                                                                                                   complex
                                                          cell

                                       atoms and molecules                              less
                                                                                        complex


       C ONNECT           A friend argues that a car is alive because its parts form organized
    systems and it requires energy (gasoline and battery power). How would you respond to
    your friend?
    Accept all reasonable responses. Students should recognize that, to be alive, something must

    possess all the characteristics of a living thing, not just a few.


4     The Study of Life
                                                                                 Name                                                                 Date                            Class

                                                                                                                      CHAPTER 1
                                                                                 Study Guide                          Section 1: Introduction to Biology

                                                                                 In your textbook, read about what biologists do.
                                                                                 Use each of the terms below only once to complete the passage.
                                                                                          agricultural                  bioengineering                    biologists              biotechnology
                                                                                          environmental                 living                            mechanical

                                                                                 Biology is the study of (1)                                          things and the environment.
                                                                                 People who study biology are called (2)                                             . Biologists who work
                                                                                 in (3)                                         research might study how to make crops grow more
                                                                                 efficiently. (4)                                        biologists work to prevent plants and animals
                                                                                 from becoming extinct. Scientists who work in the field of (5)
                                                                                 often research cells, DNA, and living systems to discover new medical treatments, and those
                                                                                 who work in (6)                                           might study living systems in order to design
                                                                                 (7)                                        devices such as artificial limbs.

                                                                                 In your textbook, read about the characteristics of life.
                                                                                 Refer to the diagrams. Respond to each statement.

                                                                                 !&LAME                              "%UGLENA                           #&ISH
Copyright  Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, a division of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.




                                                                                  8. List any image that depicts a living thing.



                                                                                  9. Explain why any image you did not list does not depict a living thing.




                                                                                 Read each of the following items. If it describes a living thing, write yes. If not, write no.

                                                                                              10. is made of one or more cells

                                                                                                11. cannot respond to its environment

                                                                                              12. requires energy to function


                                                                                 Introduction                                                                             CHAPTER 1 The Study of Life   13
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